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Daineso

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Name: Daineso

Type: Agglunative

Alignment: Accusative-Ergative

Head Direction: Final

Number of genders: 4

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect

SettingEdit

PhonologyEdit

PhonotacticsEdit

Basic GrammarEdit

Nouns: No hetarāmEdit

DeclensionsEdit

Case Daineso Example Example Text Meaning
Adessive


-ēm

ēkū "near the tree"


ēmaʻana "near the cave"

I went near the tree:


"Iʻili a otu ēkū"

near; to be near; to be near to
Apudessive


-īm

īkū "next to the tree"


īmaʻana "next to the cave"

I went next to the tree:


"I'ili a otu īkū."

next; to be next to
Inessive


-ōm

ōkū "in the tree"


ōmaʻana "in the cave"

I went in the tree:


"Iʻili a otu ōkū"

Intrative


-ūm

ūkū "between the trees" (context: trees)


ūmaʻana alu "between the 3 caves."

I went between 3 trees:


"Iʻili a otu ūkū"

Subessive

-kā


-k

kākū "under the tree"


kaʻana "under the cave" (context: in the deepest part of a cave"

I went under the tree:


"Iʻili a otu kākū"

Superessive

-ānē


-ām

ānēkū "on top of the tree"


āmaʻana "on top of the cave"

I went on top of the tree:


"Iʻili a otu ānēkū"

Elative

-ga


-g

gakū "out of the tree"


gaʻana "out of the cave"

I went out of the tree:


"Iʻili a otu gakū"

Allative

-nā


-m

nākū "to the tree"


maʻana "to the cave"

I went to the tree:
Illative

-zā


-s

zākū "into the tree"


saʻana "into the cave"

I am going into the tree:
Perlative

-za


-sez

zaku "through the tree"


sezaʻana "through the cave"

I went through the tree:
Prosecutive

-nēʻe


-nēn

nēʻekū "across the tree"


nēnaʻana "across the cave"

I went across the tree:
Contrative

-rēha


-reh

rēhakū "against the tree"


rehaʻana "against the cave"

I went against the tree:
Conative

-kī


-kīk

kīkū "with the tree"


kīkaʻana "with the cave"

I went with the tree:
Inconative

-gī


-gīk

gīku "without the tree"


gīkaʻana "without the cave"

I went without the tree:
Antitive

-ne


-nehen

nekū "in front of the tree"


nehenaʻana "in front of the cave"

I went in front of the tree:
Ablative

-rehe


-lahan

rehekū "from the tree"


lahanaʻana "from the cave"

I went from the tree

Grammatical DefinitivenessEdit

TheEdit

(r 'basic noun', rū 'described noun')

Basic:

[The bicycle moves: Baikikālar tuha]

Described:

[The bicycle is big: Nōli rū baikikāla]

[The big bicycle moves: Baikikālarū nōli tuha]


AEdit

(ø 'basic noun', moh/ ø ˈdescribed nounˈ)

Basic:

[A bicycle moves: Baikikāla tuha]

Described:

[A bicycle is big: Nōli moh baikikāla]

[A big bicycle moves: Baikikāla nōli tuha]


Grammatical NumberEdit

SingularEdit

(ø)


PuacalEdit

(ō ˈbasic nounˈˌ moki ˈbasic noun with determinerˈˌ dū ˈdescribed nounˈˌ lohakā ˈdescribed noun with determinerˈ)

[Few bicycles move: Ō baikikāla tuha]

[Those few bicycles move: Moki baikikāla tuha īma]

[Few bicycles are big: Nōli dū baikikāla]

[These few big bicycles move: Lohakā baikikāla nōli tuha mēneˈi]


PluralEdit

(no ˈbasic nounˈˌ mau ˈbasic noun with determinerˈˌ mō 'described noun', tenī 'described noun with determiner')

[Bicycles move: No baikikāla tuha]

[Those certain bicycles move: Mau baikikāla tuha īma]

[Bicycles are big: Nōli mō baikikāla]

[These big bicycles move: Tenī baikikāla nōli tuha mēneˈi]


Grammatical GenderEdit

In Daineso, there are two Main genders that can be used for most nouns.

The two genders are Natural and Neutral.

The sex-related genders are Masculine and Feminine.

Neuter is used for undescribed gender words like kid, baby, person, house, horse.

Natural is used for all item that aren't man-made like tree, grass, fire, ocean, and mountain.

Masculine is put on Neuter nouns when it is told as a male or male-like, like man, boy, male dog, fireman.

Feminine is put on Neuter nouns when it is told as a female like woman, girl, female pig, or nurse.

Verbs: No vābaboEdit

Grammatical VoiceEdit

Active VoiceEdit

Past: -a

[I saw the deer: Mila otu keberīr]


Present: -a/ke, -taba

[I see the deer: Mila otu keberīr]

[I am starting to see the deer: Ke milataba otu keberīr]


Present Participle: -taba

[I am seeing the deer: Milataba otu keberīr]


Future: -e

[I will see the deer: Mile au keberīr]


Passive VoiceEdit

Past: ho, -a

[The deer was seen: Ho keberīr mila iā otu]


Present: neʻe, -a/ ho, -taba

[The deer gets to be seen: Neʻe keberīr mila iā otu]

[The deer is being seen: Ho keberīr mila iā otu]


Future: ho, -e

[The deer is going to be seen: Ho keberīr mile iā au]


Grammatical PersonEdit

  • these words are used rarely in Daineso, but is included.


First-Person: -luEdit

I- au. otu

We (you and I) katē

We (he and I) ojēte

We (all of us) katuō

We (everyone but you) lautō

[We have toys: Fonalu ojēte no toir]

"We have toys: Fona ojēte no toir"


Second-Person: -koheEdit

You- ou

You (you two)- oulū

You (you three)- oukou

[You have toys: Fonakohe oulū no toir]

"You have toys: Fona oulū no toir"

Third-Person: -inakāEdit

He- hehel

She- hamani

They (they two)- mimil

They (they three; them)- mokulē

[They have toys: Foninakā mokulē no toir]

"They have toys: Fona mokulē no toir"


Grammatical MoodEdit

Indicative: RealisEdit

Past: -a

Present: -a, -taba

Present Participle: -taba

Future: -e


Generic: RealisEdit

To describe the generic mood is to put -kanā at either the end of the verb or the beginning of the sentence, depending on syntax.

[The deer is big: Nōli rū kebera/ Kanā nōli rū kebera]


Imperative: IrrealisEdit

The imperative mood is basically -jo or -so at the end of the verb or beginning of the sentence.

[Move! Jo tuha ou!]

[Move! Ou tuhaso!]


Grammatical AspectEdit

Present TenseEdit

Simple: ke, -a

[I eat: Ke koga otu]


Progressive: -taba

[I am eating: Kogataba otu]


Perfect: ho, -taba

[I have eaten: Ho kogataba otu]


Perfect Progressive: a, -taba *different syntax

[I have been eating: A otu kogataba]


Past TenseEdit

Simple: -a

[I ate: Koga otu]


Progressive: hē. -taba

[I was eating: Hē kogataba otu]


Perfect: o, -taba

[I had eaten: O kogataba otu]


Perfect Progressive: ō, -taba

[I had been eating: Ō kogataba otu]


Future TenseEdit

Simple: -e

[I will eat: Koge otu]


Progressive: e, -taba

[I will be eating: E kogataba otu]


Perfect: So, -taba

[I shall have eaten: So kogataba otu]


Perfect Progressive: Nu, -taba

[I shall have been eating: Nu kogataba otu]

DictionaryEdit

Example textEdit

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