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Dema is a language of the Demanalese descent. All Demanalese languages are on the Demanal Islands. Dema is also known by Grand Dema. A trait of the Dema languages are linguolabial consonants and the lack of nasals.


Classification and DialectsEdit

Dema
Nadema
Type
Aggluniative
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Mixed
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Linguo-Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop/Affricate p p' /t̼/ b' /d̼/ t d ch /tʃ/ gy /ɟ/ k ʔ
Fricative v /β/ f' /θ̼ / s h
Approximant w y /j/
Tap r

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
High i i: ɨ u u:
High-mid e e: o o:
Low a a:
Tones ˥ ˩˥ ˥˩ ˩

the tones are written as á, a, áa, aá

PhonotacticsEdit

The syllable structure is (C)V, with all consonants allowed in the onset with no apparent coda. Due to poor documentation this is not certain.

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

There are 5 cases in Grand Dema, Nominative, Accusative, Genitive, Dative, Prepositional, marking like this:

Nom: -

Accu -at

Gen if'-

Dat -is

Prep -em

The genders are, Human, Non-Human, Male, Female, with the Human/Non-Human mixing with the other genders

Human -ek

Non-Human -

Male b'en-

Fem ev'i-

There are two numbers as well, Singular and Plural

Sing -

Plural -dene

VerbsEdit

Verbs conjugate by Number and person, with the person being marked like:

1st -

2nd tam-

3rd b'ev-

There is also aspect, Progressive, Perfect, and imperfect

Prog ti-

Per f'ev-

Imper kal-

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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