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Deshai

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Deshai
Tsexaayul
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Ergative
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General InformationEdit

Deshai (natively /tsæʃɑːjuɬ/, literally this language, transliterated as 'Tsexaay-ul')

Classification and DialectsEdit

  • Classical Deshai
  • Xàhnis-Kàtxis Deshai
  • Westosese Deshai

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal (m) n ŋ
Plosive p p’ t t’ k k’ ʔ
Affricate ts ts’ tʃ tʃ’
Lateral affr. tɬ tɬ’
Fricative s s’ ʃ x x’ h
Lateral fric. ɬ ɬ’
Approximant β̞ˠ ɹ j

m, n, g, p, p', t, t', k, k', ', ts, ts', tx, tx', tl, tl', s, s', x, j, j', h, l, l', w, r, y

VowelsEdit

Front Back
High i iː u uː
Low æ æː ɑ ɑː

StressEdit

Stress is non-contrastive. Words in isolation or at the end of a phrase are stressed on the last syllable. Words beginning or within a syllable, on the other hand, are stressed on their first syllable.

  • Thus, Nap'retx waatwis-xu-ul. /p'rætʃ wɑːtwisʃúːɬ/ "We eat in the workshop."

Writing systemsEdit

There are primarily two writing systems for the dialects of Deshai: the classic script and the Westos script.

NounsEdit

possessive suffixes could not be applied to subjects

  • indefinite: 0
  • definite, proximal: -ul
  • distal: -ag

VerbsEdit

BasicsEdit

Verbs are based on triconsonantal roots (much like in Arabic).

ex. kawat'a "to think/find out", lataja "to die", wahaxa "to run", xatata "to freeze", l'ahak "to slash", nap'ara "to eat", watawa "to create"

C-TAM-C-erg/others-C-abs

two plural forms, one for individuals, one for groups

TAMEdit

PersonEdit

Absolutive slot:

sg pl
1ex -ii -etx
1in -etl
2 -0 -u
3.an -aa -aap
3.inan -0 -ep

Ergative slot:

sg pl
1ex -i- -ax-
1in -al-
2 -u- -u-
3 -e- -ra-
intrans -0-
refl -us-
recip -tsi- neg -ep-
  • Kuuwrat'etl! "They found out about us!" [kuːβ̞ˠɹɑt’ætɬ]
  • Kuuwalt'aap! "We found out about them!" [kuːβ̞ˠɑɬt’ɑːp]
  • Kwept'aap lnuri-l. "The kids don't think."
  • Taxusraap. "They love themselves."
  • Taxtsiraap. "They love each other."

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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