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|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
The Diniric Language is that spoken by a diminutive race roughly two foot and a half at their tallest, who live on the eastern side of the land of Necrotia. Constantly under fear of becoming one of the undead at the center of their continent, the Diniri are nevertheless a very playful people, believed to be related to the elves of the continent, although some theories state that they may actually be more closely related to the ancient Dalwaric race, the First-Born, who died out long ago. Most of the Diniri live on the southern portion of the eastern Coast.
The Diniri are also well known for being the only Winged Race on Rau'xor, the world in which they live. Thus they have more words that involve seeing things from the air, and more words for acitons performed in midair. They are also extremely good with numbers, and operate on a base 12 system.
The language itself is of the Dalwaric family, deriving from this first language (or, It should be said, this first recorded language) to a large degree. At the fall of the Dalwaric peoples, shortly after the rise of the Brother species, in modern times called the Fael, (the Elves) the language was drastically altered. It is believed that this parent tongue is only marginally preserved in the land of Necrotia, where many of the Dalwar ended up living.
The Elvish tongue evolved to become more musical, and lost a large degree of the harshness that was inherent to the Dalwaric tongue. When a select portion of Elves, (or perhaps half elf-half dalwar ) broke off from the main portion, the language was also changed. When this sect was re-discovered, it was found that they had lost the great age of their Parent race, becoming generational much like the humans and the races of the Borgothi, and speciation had been induced. Their language changed dramatically from that of the Fael, as their Conjugating system shifted to become Prefixial, and the roots themselves changed significantly. It can also be told from some of the roots to the words of the Diniric Language that the Diniri had contact with the Thravic peoples of the north, before they encountered their closer cousins, the Fael.
|Plosive||b p||t d||k g|
|Fricative||f v||θ ð||s z||ʃ ʒ||χ|
*/χ/ is an allophone of /h/ at the end of words following A or O.
*Only exists in diphthongs: /eɪ/, /aɪ/, /oʊ/
|A||/eɪ/, /æ/, /ɑ/||O||/oʊ/, /ɑ/, /ə/|
|E||/i/, /ɛ/||U||/u/, /ə/|
NUMBERS-Details (the numbers themselves included in Alphabet)Edit
The Diniri have a rather unusual number system, operating on a base 12. There is also difference in the written (although not the spoken) versions of each word from the north to the south. The Northern diniri use more lines and arcs, the Southern Diniri use dots to represent numeric quantities.
10 (one group of 12) dit
100 ( twelve twelves): lu're
1000 (12 ^3): Kam'se
10000 (12^4) Kitch'be Pronouncing their numbers is somewhat interesting. The 12 group main word (dit, lu're, kam'se, kitch'be) stays the same. However, which group of twelve it is defined using the normal numbers, with the last sound dropped. their 14 (16) would be said "u'dit cua." Their 11 (13) is U'dit un. 2X = "d'dit lev". 33 = Dr'dit Dre.
This continues on through the 12^3 and the 12^4 formats. their 1534 would be said: "u'kam'se ky'lu're dr'dit cua." (2488 for us I believe.)
The Diniri speak with an inverted sentence format, beginning with the object of the sentence, followed by the subject, and then followed by the verb being performed by the subject. As an example, here is how one would say the sentence: My mother is skilled at cooking fish
"Skilled at cooking fish my mother is."
Object term=skilled at cooking fish
Subject term= my mother
The manner in which they cujugate their verbs is also extremely unnerving. While many languages have a suffix which changes the tense of their verb, Diniric, has a prefix. They have only three main Tenses, Past, Present, and Future, which are used in a prefix form, but there is a word, "Mibran'in (Mi'braniv in the southern dialect) which will place the entire sentence in a conditional tense, and is roughly equivilant to " would if..." Mibran'in also has slight variations that mean "as am able" and "as I desire", Mibrin'in, and Mibran'ij respectively. ( Mibran'iv and Mibran'ij are the only variants in which the suffix's "i" is pronounced as an ee)
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
Singular Singular Singular
iv av ivi
id ad adi
ist ast isti
As you may have noticed, there is no pluralization for these verb prefixes. The reason for this is that the Diniri use one method of pluralization for nouns and verbs. this may seem confusing, and indeed it is, as to say "We run" means you need the root, "Rin", the prefix for Self, "iv", and you also need the suffix which makes it plural.
Consonant Plural Suffix Vowel Plural Suffix
iz ( Iv in southern dialect) viz (or viv)
Thus, "We run" becomes av'rimis, "we ran" is iv'rimis, and "I run" is av'rim. In a sentence, if one were to say "I ran as quietly as I could" you would do it as: " Ith Mibrin'in s'thik iv'rim ." ( As Quietly [as] I could have I ran.)
Common Suffixes include " 'el " (equivalent to English "ER")
A common (though apparently not entirely necessary) suffix for adjectives are those of "an" and "aj". Unlike the A for "all", which is pronounced with the same form of A as in "at", the A in the "an" for adjective status on some words is pronounced with the AH. Colors, and a few other adjectives, lack this adjective suffix- "t'cooch ceryln",and numbers, especially in the north, lack the suffix where the Diniri have more contact with the Thravic peoples. In the south, the quantity adjectives generally come after the noun, but before other adjectives, but in the north, the quantity adjectives always come before the target noun.
e.g. Three black and white cats = three cats black and white. (north) Cats three black and white.
Posession and OwnershipEdit
In diniric, possession is demonstrated with individual terms that roughly mean "my/our", "your/yours", and "their/his/hers".
Kya (K'ya - the A is the A/o letter, almost an UH. The diniri will write with either the O/a or the A/h letter)
-My, mine, ours.
-Ssi (note, the SS romanized letter is a hard Th/S blend. the diniri do not have a letter for it, but they sometimes put two S lines in one character. )
-yours, belonging to all of you (the northern dialect has a seccond form, Ssiv, for "Belonging to all of you" .)
Pa ( P'yah in forma situations)
-theirs, hers, his.
here is the following passage in diniric, progressively.
In regards to the undeath, we have little to say. We fear the grey ones, and none of our people go too far westwards, for to go near that far sea is to go near that place, where our kind become as the grey ones. We prefer to stay here, in our jungles and trees, enjoying our playful things and learning the soul-writing of our fathers.
of the undeath little to say we have. The grey souls we fear, and 'far very' westwards none of our kind go. Near the 'sea far' to go is near that place, the place the grey ones we kind become. Here in we jungles and trees we to stay prefer, things playful we enjoying, the soul-writing of our fathers learning.
An't'spiritu'nana, sa av'pethivis. T'mithspiri Aramis Kazinial, y 'kukuril anus' wethinu nus'an'Diniri ast'shainiz. Nanaril 't'shae'ma kukuril' es nanaril t'hai ibik, t'ibik t'mithspiri aramiz dinai ast'kyem. Sinome, en kya lathil'iz, aramis av'darthini'vis --, tyl'biru aramis av'liani'vis, t'spiritezwi an' Kya u'yoshdaviz av'sendi'vis.
|No.||English Term||Diniric Term|
intense scarring of soul
|225||Add (to combine)||__rapan__|
Age ( temporal
|228||to anticipate death||tyl'nuspriri|
|229||As, akin to, alike||memnas|
|230||Alone / solitary||
|232||to feel lonely||__mri'ale__|
|235||Break:||__ric__, Ricsai (location of)|
|237||to give birth:||__nizdi__|
|242||bandage (wrapping)||Vaikem, Vaikemp (dialects)|
|247||to Be:||em, es (inquisitiv)|
|249||"The People"||Diniri (irregular)|
|251||lesser borgothi||hakar, hakar'd'nai|
|253||Know (a fact)||__sind__|
|265||companion||lu'nior (N) __lunior__|
|276||one who makes||Paron'el|
|284||Clothing/Cloth||Kem, Kemp (Dialect)|
|287||Casual, not serious, common||Kufika|
|292||To close||__val__, __valle__|
|296||Clothes||divan'kemp, ovan kem|
|308||a dish or course||Vina'im|
|315||to enchant||__loth'par__, __parolot'mizi__|
|320||to be eaten||__------__|
|321||Fael (one elf)||Feir|
|322||Fael (folk, group, kind)||Feir'dnaio|