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<-- Diniric -->

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Progress 27%
Diniric
Pethiz Diniran
Type
Predominately Synthetic
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

The Diniric Language is that spoken by a diminutive race roughly two foot and a half at their tallest, who live on the eastern side of the land of Necrotia. Constantly under fear of becoming one of the undead at the center of their continent, the Diniri are nevertheless a very playful people, believed to be related to the elves of the continent, although some theories state that they may actually be more closely related to the ancient Dalwaric race, the First-Born, who died out long ago. Most of the Diniri live on the southern portion of the eastern Coast. 

The Diniri are also well known for being the only Winged Race on Rau'xor, the world in which they live. Thus they have more words that involve seeing things from the air, and more words for acitons performed in midair. They are also extremely good with numbers, and operate on a base 12 system. 

The language itself is of the Dalwaric family, deriving from this first language (or, It should be said, this first recorded language) to a large degree. At the fall of the Dalwaric peoples, shortly after the rise of the Brother species, in modern times called the Fael, (the Elves) the language was drastically altered. It is believed that this parent tongue is only marginally preserved in the land of Necrotia, where many of the Dalwar ended up living. 

The Elvish tongue evolved to become more musical, and lost a large degree of the harshness that was inherent to the Dalwaric tongue. When a select portion of Elves, (or perhaps half elf-half dalwar ) broke off from the main portion, the language was also changed. When this sect was re-discovered, it was found that they had lost the great age of their Parent race, becoming generational much like the humans and the races of the Borgothi, and speciation had been induced.  Their language changed dramatically from that of the Fael, as their Conjugating system shifted to become Prefixial, and the roots themselves changed significantly.  It can also be told from some of the roots to the words of the Diniric Language that the Diniri had contact with the Thravic peoples of the north, before they encountered their closer cousins, the Fael. 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal n ŋ
Plosive b p t d k g
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ χ
Affricate t͡ʃ d͡ʒ
Approximant j w h
Trill r
Lateral app. l
B /b/ Z /z/ SS (s/th)
P /p/ TH /θ/, /ð/
N /n/ SH /ʃ/
NG /ŋ/ ZH /ʒ/
T /t/ F /f/
D /d/ V /v/
K /k/ H /h/, /χ/*
G /g/ Y /j/
CH /t͡ʃ/ L /l/
J /d͡ʒ/ W /w/
S /s/ RR /r/

*/χ/ is an allophone of /h/ at the end of words following A or O.

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close ɪ ʊ*
Close-mid e* o
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ
Near-open æ
Open a* ɑ

*Only exists in diphthongs: /eɪ/, /aɪ/, /oʊ/

A /eɪ/, /æ/, /ɑ/ O /oʊ/, /ɑ/, /ə/
E /i/, /ɛ/ U /u/, /ə/
I /ɑɪ/, /ɪ/


NUMBERS-Details (the numbers themselves included in Alphabet)Edit

The Diniri have a rather unusual number system, operating on a base 12. There is also difference in the written (although not the spoken) versions of each word from the north to the south. The Northern diniri use more lines and arcs, the Southern Diniri use dots to represent numeric quantities.      

1                            un

2                            da                 

3                            dre                

4                           cua                

5                            kyl                    

6                           set                   

7                           sil                    

8                           had

9                           nan

z                           tho

x                           lev

10 (one group of 12)    dit

100 ( twelve twelves): lu're                       


1000 (12 ^3):                 Kam'se                 

10000 (12^4)                 Kitch'be                        Pronouncing their numbers is somewhat interesting. The 12 group main word (dit, lu're, kam'se, kitch'be) stays the same. However, which group of twelve it is defined using the normal numbers, with the last sound dropped.  their 14 (16) would be said "u'dit cua." Their 11 (13) is U'dit un. 2X = "d'dit lev". 33 = Dr'dit Dre.

This continues on through the 12^3 and the 12^4 formats. their 1534 would be said: "u'kam'se ky'lu're dr'dit cua." (2488 for us I believe.) 

AlphabetEdit

Diniric script

The Alphabet of the Diniri


PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No Yes No Yes Yes No No No
Nouns No No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

  

Diniric

GRAMMAR


The Diniri speak with an inverted sentence format, beginning with the object of the sentence, followed by the subject, and then followed by the verb being performed by the subject.  As an example, here is how one would say the sentence: My mother is skilled at cooking fish     

"Skilled at cooking fish my mother is."

Object term=skilled at cooking fish

Subject term= my mother

Verb=to Be

The manner in which they cujugate their verbs is also extremely unnerving. While many languages have a suffix which changes the tense of their verb, Diniric, has a prefix. They have only three main Tenses, Past, Present, and Future, which are used in a prefix form, but there is a word, "Mibran'in (Mi'braniv in the southern dialect) which will place the entire sentence in a conditional tense, and is roughly equivilant to " would if..." Mibran'in also has slight variations that mean "as am able" and "as I desire", Mibrin'in, and Mibran'ij respectively. ( Mibran'iv and Mibran'ij are the only variants in which the suffix's "i" is pronounced as an ee)

PAST                                      PRESENT                                  FUTURE  

Singular                               Singular                                      Singular              

iv                                           av                                                ivi

id                                           ad                                               adi

ist                                          ast                                               isti

As you may have noticed, there is no pluralization for these verb prefixes. The reason for this is that the Diniri use one method of pluralization for nouns and verbs. this may seem confusing, and indeed it is, as to say "We run" means you need the root, "Rin", the prefix for Self, "iv", and you also need the suffix which makes it plural. 

Consonant Plural Suffix                             Vowel Plural Suffix

Is                                                                  Vis

isa                                                                visa

iz ( Iv in southern dialect)                             viz (or viv) 

Thus, "We run" becomes av'rimis, "we ran" is iv'rimis, and "I run" is av'rim. In a sentence, if one were  to say "I ran as quietly as I could" you would do it as: " Ith Mibrin'in s'thik  iv'rim ."  ( As Quietly [as] I could have I ran.) 

Common Suffixes include " 'el "  (equivalent to English "ER")

AdjectivesEdit

A common (though apparently not entirely necessary) suffix for adjectives are those of "an" and "aj". Unlike the A for "all", which is pronounced with the same form of A as in "at", the A in the "an" for adjective status on some words is pronounced with the AH. Colors, and a few other adjectives, lack this adjective suffix- "t'cooch ceryln",and numbers, especially in the north, lack the suffix where the Diniri have more contact with the Thravic peoples. In the south, the quantity adjectives generally come after the noun, but before other adjectives, but in the north, the quantity adjectives always come before the target noun.

e.g. Three black and white cats = three cats black and white. (north)  Cats three black and white.


Posession and OwnershipEdit

In diniric, possession is demonstrated with individual terms that roughly mean "my/our", "your/yours", and "their/his/hers". 

Kya (K'ya - the A is the A/o letter, almost an UH. The diniri will write with either the O/a or the A/h letter)

-My, mine, ours.

-Ssi  (note, the SS romanized letter is a hard Th/S blend. the diniri do not have   a letter for it, but they sometimes put two S lines in one character. )

-yours, belonging to all of you (the northern dialect has a seccond form, Ssiv, for "Belonging to all of you" .)

Pa ( P'yah in forma situations)

-theirs, hers, his.

ExamplesEdit

here is the following passage in diniric, progressively.

In regards to the undeath, we have little to say. We fear the grey ones, and none of our people go too far westwards, for to go near that far sea is to go near that place, where our kind become as the grey ones. We prefer to stay here, in our jungles and trees, enjoying our playful things and learning the soul-writing of our fathers. 

of the undeath little to say we have.  The grey souls we fear, and  'far very' westwards none of our kind go. Near the 'sea far' to go is near that place, the place the grey ones we kind become. Here in we jungles and trees we  to stay prefer,  things playful we enjoying, the soul-writing of our fathers learning.

An't'spiritu'nana, sa av'pethivis. T'mithspiri Aramis Kazinial, y  'kukuril anus' wethinu nus'an'Diniri ast'shainiz. Nanaril  't'shae'ma kukuril' es nanaril t'hai ibik, t'ibik t'mithspiri aramiz dinai ast'kyem.  Sinome, en kya lathil'iz, aramis av'darthini'vis --, tyl'biru aramis av'liani'vis,  t'spiritezwi an'  Kya u'yoshdaviz av'sendi'vis.

VocabularyEdit

      


No. English Diniric
1IYe
2you (singular)ya
3hesh'dal, da
4wearam'is
5you (plural)ya'iz
6theypedul'is
7thist'hin
8thatt'hai
9heresinome
10theresibi'zh
11whokal
12whatka'in
13whereka'in ibik (what place)
14whenka'in an'lin (what time)
15howkas
16notnus
17allgurin, al
18manyanu
19somefel
20fewnu'anu
21otherat'than
22oneun
23twoda
24threedre
25fourcua
26fivekyl
27bigjure (large)
28longkukurun
29widejado
30thickjado'li
31heavyZhir'jur
32smallsara, sa
33shortsa
34narrowtin'ril
35thintin'rin
36womanshaa'di
37man (adult male)u'sho'da
38man (human being)hen'lal
39childhing'in
40wifeu'kaan'zi
41husbandum'yena
42motheru'mami
43fatheru'yisda, pa'ni, ba'ni (small children
44animal----------
45fishpi'auj , au'astspiri
46birdiirt'eli
47dogcooch
48louseSki'cra (bug)
49snake[[w:c:conlangdictionary:Ski'matzi (tree-snake), kaz'lizik (garter snake), Skie'kaz (egg eater, also called king'in ec'spir'el), Ka'pirrt'el (python equiv.), Matzi'el (viper), Sa'baug, lizik'bau (rattlesnake & cobra), kuk'skie'el (sentient serpent) Ceryl'astial (Black Mamba)|Ski'matzi (tree-snake), kaz'lizik (garter snake), Skie'kaz (egg eater, also called king'in ec'spir'el), Ka'pirrt'el (python equiv.), Matzi'el (viper), Sa'baug, lizik'bau (rattlesnake & cobra), kuk'skie'el (sentient serpent) Ceryl'astial (Black Mamba)]]
50wormscra'kuk
51treelaith, laithil
52forestlaith'iz, laithil'iz, anu'laithiz
53sticklad'thi
54fruit------------
55seedir'id
56leafli'ze, li'ze'viz
57rootlath'spi
58barklath'kem (not "kem'lath)
59flowerAmin
60grasskuk'liz,kuk'lize
61ropenaq'el
62skinNin'sel, sel'nin
63meatAeg
64bloodAgir
65bone----------
66fat-----------
67eggir'orv
68hornPalam'el (sounder)
69tail----------
70feathersa'iirtel
71hairIrun
72headCorn, Corth
73earHa'ir, til'haren (pointed ear)
74eyety'el
75nosev'cos
76mouthlomi
77toothAnkaa (fang), k'mat, kmat'iz
78tongueoi'bil (anatomical)
79fingernail---------
80footbal
81legdari
82knee-----------
83handbil
84wingiirt'el
85bellyba'un
86gutsCha'dai (bravery), bu'quis (internal organs, collective)
87neckyiz
88backade'u
89breastkaain'li
90heartspir'el, nuzill'spir, astial'el
91liver---------
92drink__yulix__, a'yul
93eat__mat'l__
94bite__mat'zi__
95suck--------
96spit--------
97vomit--------
98blowParr'tix (strike), __tuik__
99breathethui
100laughlun'thu
101seetyn'vi
102hear__lanyd__
103knowen'sind, en'sindil (know of) sind (fact) sindil (know someone)
104thinksinu
105smell--------
106fearKazin'ial
107sleep__losdia__ , Kaimin (N)
108live__spiritu__
109die__nuspiri__
110kill__ec'spiren__
111fightkid'sha
112hunt-------------
113hitPirr't
114cutdas'ix
115split__ric'ai__ , al'ric'si (adj) Ric'si (N)
116stabEich, Seiph
117scratch------------
118dig------------
119swim__rij__
120fly__iirz__, __i'ish__ (race) __tynii__ (spy from air)
121walkRil
122come__jin__
123lie__mak'pethir__ ( to speak falsehood)
124sit__pil__
125stand__dal__
126turn__turo__
127fall-----------
128give__v'yan__, Saloh (gift)
129hold__Hato__, __Hathir__
130squeeze__Hathur__
131rub------------
132wash__pa'kiu__
133wipe----------
134pull__uleth'ni__
135push__uleth'ka__
136throw__hehal__ , Heb'ni (N)
137tie__naqui__
138sewIkota (result of) __Ikot__
139count__anodir__
140say__peth__ __pethar
141singlinnai
142playtyl'biru, (active) eztyl (restful),tyliazik (flirtatious), tylsania (prank)
143float__iir'sai__ (float on air), __aubil__ (float in water)
144flow----------
145freezea'kasti (frozen, adj) __kasti__ (V)
146swell-------------
147sunAnir
148moonMithir
149starstin, stin'iz
150waterauj
151rainsme'auj, daij
152riverRin'auj
153lakepil'auj, sa'shamal
154seaShae'ma
155salt---------
156stonerauj
157sandsaj
158dustai'saj
159earthRaul'ij
160cloudluma
161fog---------
162skySme
163windka'dai
164snowsme'kaist'ic
165icekaistic
166smokeFe'dai
167fireFes
168ashShaik
169burnFes'chir, __fesli__
170roadKuku'dal
171mountainRau'jur
172redpul'dwe
173greenaliwe
174yellowthul'ye, arin'we (gold colored)
175whiteivae
176blackCeryln
177nightMithin'ga
178dayArin'ga
179yearrix'lin, rixlin'iz
180warmal'ukaisin
181coldnu'kaish
182fullPin
183newMina
184oldTahir'lin (elder), Lin'mar (aged)
185goodLun, Lun'in
186badKaz, Kazin
187rottenkaz'limar
188dirtyNu'kiu
189straight---------
190roundal'kurog
191sharpkeryth, maeg
192dullnus'maeg, nu'keryth
193smoothse'laiz
194wetal'aj
195drynu'auj
196correctazh'dai (affirmative), __parr__
197near-----------
198farKukuril
199right---------
200left----------
201atralis, Ralu
202inen
203with__lunian__ (used when favorable), __ka'znian__ (used for unveforable)
204and'y'
205ifni
206becausepor'shur, ye'shur es..
207nameKais



IF there are any repeat diniric terms, please replace them with a ------. If the repeat is English with a differing Diniric Term, please leave it alone. 

VOCAB, continued
No. English Term Diniric Term
208 Ally: Nion'e
209 Friend: Niore
210 A/ The Ta
211 Attraction: liak'e
212 Attractive: liz'ik
213 Arm: paul
214

Emotion:

'kone
215  happiness lun'iale
216 Anger fes'kone
217 Misery mirsiale
218

Deep Sorrow, 

intense scarring of soul

ric'spirin
219 above: dir
220 Abdomen/belly: ba'un
221 Ring: uki
222 Bracelet: paul'uki
223 Necklace: yiz'uki, uki'yiz
224 Anklet:

dari'uki, uki'dari

225 Add (to combine) __rapan__
226 Again adaj
227

Age ( temporal 

and personal)

Rixa
228 to anticipate death tyl'nuspriri
229 As, akin to, alike memnas
230 Alone / solitary

mrinin, __mrin__

231 Lonliness: mri'ale
232 to feel lonely __mri'ale__
233

Blade:

mil'das
234 behind: Adel
235 Break: __ric__, Ricsai (location of)
236 Birth: niz'di
237 to give birth: __nizdi__
238 baby: lin'tus
239 boy Shon'da
240 black Cerlyn
241 brown Baras
242 bandage (wrapping) Vaikem, Vaikemp (dialects)
243 bondage naquin
244 Bring/Carry: ulethe
245 Burry: orvid
246 Ball/Pod: Kurogo
247 to Be: em, es (inquisitiv)
248 Folk/people D'nai, d'nai'o
249 "The People" Diniri (irregular)
250 The big-folk Jure'dinai
251 lesser borgothi hakar, hakar'd'nai
252

Believe:

Sin'dur
253 Know (a fact) __sind__
254 Thought (N) sinuz
255 Teach: __v'yansen__
256 Think (V) __sinu__
257 Know (someone) __sindil__
258 Knowledge Sindai
259 Breathe Thui
260 Breathily (seductive) kiri'thui
261 Book (text) incwadi
262 Book (personal) pid'huku
263 Buy: Krin
264 Sell: -----------
265 companion  lu'nior (N) __lunior__
266 Bite mat'zi
267 Before, preceding op'lu
268 Bird iirt'eli
269 Breast kaain'li
270 To bind __naqui__
271 Bravery chok'dor
272 Burn fes'chir
273 Choose/select dethil
274 to make/craft __paron__
275 a craft/skill Paron
276 one who makes Paron'el
277 To clothe/dress __kemri__
278 Child Hing'in
279 Clear neil'si
280 Glass: Khemir
281 Crystal Kryshal
282 Chest (anatomical) kir'u
283 Cotton Tervin
284 Clothing/Cloth Kem, Kemp (Dialect)
285 Cusion Ni'wa
286 Cloud Luma
287 Casual, not serious, common Kufika
288 Touch: heto
289 Caress: gomir
290 Sense/Touch: tyn'oide
291 Hold: Heto
292 To close __val__, __valle__
293 Closed val, vallen
294 To open __Vulek__
295 opened Vuleki
296 Clothes divan'kemp, ovan kem
297 to cut __das'ix__
298 Cold nu'kaish
299 Candle/light Fixture et'paros
300 Desert anu'saj
301 Dress( noun)  col'din
302 to dress/clothe __kemri__
303 Death:  Ec'spiri
304 Dead (adj) nu'spiritu
305 Demon Baugroth
306 defeat tum'gaz
307 dog cooch
308 a dish or course Vina'im
309 Drink (V) __yulix__
310 Drink (N) a'yul
311 to Die: __nusprir__
312 Day Aringa
313 Enemy Hatar
314 everywhere ibikis'al
315 to enchant __loth'par__, __parolot'mizi__
316 earing:  uki'hare
317 to emerge __ettil__
318 to enter __in'ya__
319 to eat __mat'l__
320 to be eaten __------__
321 Fael (one elf) Feir
322 Fael (folk, group, kind) Feir'dnaio 
323 East Rhed
324 West -----
325 North Fir
326 South Hin
327 Eastern -----
328 Western -----
329 Northern -----
330 Southern ----
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340

OTHER LINKSEdit

   Diniric Culture (Conworlds)

RAUXOR (earth-home)

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