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Dlogian

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Dlogian
Dlögo
by SennomaUzanto
Date of creation 26th October 2015
SU-ID {{{SUID}}}
Origin
- a priori
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
nominative-accusative
Head direction
Final
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Navigation

{{{NavName}}}

Sub pages
{{{NavSub}}}
Links
{{{NavLinks}}}
ToDo-list
{{{NavToDo}}}


Sub pages
Dlogian/Example_Texts
Links
-
ToDo-list
-


Description Edit

Dlögo is an agglutinating language.

Background Edit

In my German class we were reading a book, called „Und das nennt ihr Mut?” („And you call that courage?”). In that book the main character, Andi, is member of a gang called „The Sharks”. The „Sharks” have a secret language and a secret script. Creating that language was our homework.

Because my classmates do not know anything about linguistics, I will not torture them with „unusual” sounds.

Phonology Edit

Consonants Edit

Table of consonants
Labial Alveolar Velar
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive voiceless p t k
voiced b d g
Fricative voiceless f s x
voice v z ɣ
Approximant w l

Vowels Edit

Table of Monophthongs
Front Central Back
Close i y u
Close-mid o
Open-mid ε œ
Open a

Writing System Edit

Writing System
Vowels
Latin IPA Latin IPA
i [i] y [y]
e [ε] ö [œ]
a [a] u [u]
- o [o]
Consonants
Latin IPA Latin IPA
p [p] b [b]
t [t] d [d]
k [k] g [g]
f [f] v [v]
s [s] z [z]
x [x] r [ɣ]
m [m] -
n [n] -
ŋ [ŋ] -
w [w] -
l [l] -

Grammar Edit

Syntax Edit

Declarative Construction Edit

The word order is free.

Interrogative Construction Edit

The word order is free. Indefinite pronoun is followed by the interrogative particle ka. If a definite noun, verb, etc. is used instead, the questions turns to a boolean (yes/no) question.

Pronouns Edit

Pronouns have the same affixes as nouns.

Personal Pronouns Edit

Personal Pronouns
1st 2nd 3rd Indefinite
normal reflexive normal reflexive normal reflexive normal reflexive
ti tli ki kli pi pli si sli

Demonstrative Pronouns Edit

Pronouns
Interrogative

(ŋ-)

Indicative Relative

(k-)

Universal

(-)

Negative

(-)

proximal (tu-) distal (ti-)
Person, thing (-al) ŋal tual tial kal
Time (-os) ŋos tuos tios kos
Location (-um) ŋum tuum tium kum
Reason (-ar) ŋar tuar tiar kar
Manner (-ix) ŋix tuix tiix kix

Nouns Edit

The noun construction is:

ROOT-CASE-NUMBER-GENDER-POSITION-CONJUNCTION

Affix Meaning
1. Case -p- Nominative, Ablative
-t- Accusative, Directive
-k- Dative, Locative
-v- Genitive, of
-z- Instrumental, with (help of)
-r- Comitative, with
2. Number -e- Singular
-ö- Plural
-a- Dual
3. Gender -n- Masculine
-l- Feminine
-s- Inanimate
-Ø- Animate/Common
4. Conjunction -a and
-o or
-u but
-i rather
-y although
since

Adjective Edit

ROOT-CASE-NUMBER

Construction of adjectives
1. Case 2. Number
Affix Meaning Affix Meaning
-s- Nominative -e Singular
-w- Accusative Plural
-l- Dative -a Dual

Verbs Edit

The verb construction is: ROOT-NUMBER-PERSON-

Construction of verbs
1. Number 2. Modality 3. Tense 4. Voice 5. Conjunction
Affix Meaning Affix Meaning Affix Meaning Affix Meaning Affix Meaning
-e- Singular -xk Indicative -i- Present -Ø- Active -a and
-ö- Plural -fp Subjunctive -u- Past -n- Passive -o or
-a- Dual -st- Possibility -y- Future -u but
-zd- Imperative -au because
so
-an that

Examples Edit

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