Dostiskj (Thustic)

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Type Synthetic (with tendencies towards analythic)
Alignment Nominative-accusative
Head direction Final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Three (m., f., n.)
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Progress 0%
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator Dostman

Thustic (dst. dostiskj /'dostiʃ/) is a Germanic language, spoken on the island of Thustland (dst. Dostland /'dostlanː/). It has some features in common with the West-Germanic languages - English, Dutch, German and Frisian - and others with the North-Germanic languages - Swedish, Danish, Norse and Icelandic. Therefore, linguists struggle to classify the language in one of the language families and as a 'compromise' it is often referred to as a "North West" Germanic language.

Classification and DialectsEdit

Thustic has two major dialect groupes: Western Thustic (Werstländiskj) and Eastern Thustic (Ústländiskj), which differ mostly in pronunciation and vocabulary.

  • e.g. dst. ou ('eye') in W.Th. is oy (/oʏ̯/) and in E.Th. is öu (/œʊ̯/). (phon.);
  • e.g. dst. männ ('men') in W.Th. is minn and in E.Th. is männ. (phon.);
  • e.g. the word for 'bed' in W.Th. is bedd, in E.Th. it is legin. (lex.);
  • e.g. bord in W.Th. means 'shelf', while in E.Th. it means 'table'. (sem.).



Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v s z ʃ ʒ x h
Approximant ɹ j w
Trill r ʀ
Lateral app. l


Front Central Back
Close i y u
Close-mid e ø o
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ æ ɔ
Open a ɑ


Writing SystemEdit

Letter Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll
Sound /a/ /ɑ/ /b/ /k/ /s/ /d/ /e/ /ɛ/ /ə/ /f/ /g/ /j/ /h/ /x/ /i/ /j/ /k/ /ʃ/ /l/
Letter Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx
Sound /m/ /n/ /o/ /ɔ/ /u/ /p/ /k/ /r/ /ɹ/ /ʀ/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /v/ /w/ /ks/
Letter Yy Zz Ää Öo
Sound /y/ /i/ /z/ /æ/ /ø/
  • Geminant consonants are written as double letters: e.g. männ 'men'. An exception is the geminant /k/, which is written as <ck>: e.g. tick 'thick';
  • Long vowels are marked with an acute accent (´): e.g. úst 'east';
  • Some sounds have no letter to indicate it, and are represented by a group of letters: e.g. the sound /ʃ/ is represented by <sk> before /e/, /i/, /æ/, /ø/ and /y/ and <skj> before other vowels, consonants or at the end of a word (e.g. skjute /ʃutə/, 'to shoot' vs. skyld /ʃylt/, 'guilt').



Standard Thustic has three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine and neuter).

  • Masculine articles: ein, 'a(n)' and da, 'the' (e.g. ein/da buk, 'a/the book');
  • Feminine articles: ei, 'a(n)' and da, 'the' (e.g. ei/da frö, 'a/the wife');
  • Neuter articles: ein, 'a(n)' and ät, 'the' (e.g. ein/ät rost, 'a/the horse').

In the singular form, the article precedes the noun. In the plural form, however, a clitic determiner marker -en is put at the end of the noun (similarly to the North Germanic languages).

Undetermined singular Determined singular Undetermined plural Determined plural
Masculine ein mörna ('a morning') da mörna ('the morning') mörn('mornings') mörnen ('the mornings')
Feminine ei kint ('a kind') da kint ('the kind') kint('kinds') kinten ('the kinds')
Neuter ein torp ('a village') ät torp ('the village') torp('villages') torpen ('the villages')

As can be seen, the regular nouns differ only in the singular form. There are, however, many (semi-)irregular nouns, which take irregular plural forms (such as umlauting, other forms etc.).

Undetermined singular Determined singular Undetermined plural Determined plural
Masculine ein man ('man') da man männ männen
Feminine ei frö ('wife') da frö frön frönen
Neuter ein ou ('eye') ät ou óg ögnen

A typical Thustic feature are the 'clitical pronouns', which can occur with a small group of nouns:

  • mín fader → fammín, 'my father'
  • ýr dohter → dohtrýr, 'our daughter'
  • sín sune → sussín, 'his son'
  • her muder → mudrer, 'her/their mother'
  • dín kynni → kyndín, 'your family'

Clitical pronouns are considered a bit archaical and formal and are primarily used in formal written language. The Thustic name for the 'Our Lord' is Fadrýr.




Number English Thustic
1 one ein, ei
/ɛnː/; /ɛ(i̯)/
2 two
3 three trig
4 four fjur
5 five fin
6 six seis
7 seven sjun
8 eight ahta
9 nine nín
10 ten tín
11 eleven ilf
12 twelve tylf
13 thirteen trittín
14 fourteen fyrtín
15 fifteen fittín
16 sixteen sestín
17 seventeen syttín
18 eighteen ahtín
19 nineteen nittín
20 twenty tyttig
21 twenty-one ein ond tyttig ("one and twenty")
22 twenty-two tú ond tyttig
23 twenty-three trig ond tyttig
27 twenty-four fjur ond tyttig
25 twenty-five fin ond tyttig
30 thirty trittig
40 forty fyrtig
50 fifty fintig
60 sixty sestig
70 seventy syttig
80 eighty ahtig
90 ninety nittig
100 (one) hundred (ein) hundre
101 one hundred and one ein hundre ond ein
200 two hundred tú hundre
1000 (one) thousand (ein) týsnig
2015 two thousand and fifteen tú tysnig ond fittín
English Thustic
1 I ig
2 thou
dú, du
3 he hi
4 we wi
5 you
jú, ju
6 they dei
7 this issa
8 that da, ät
9 here här
10 there tar
11 who wa
12 what wat
13 where war
14 when wann
15 how wassá (< wat sá)
16 not enk, ni
17 all all
18 many mänig, föle
19 some gein, summ
20 few fege
21 other atter, anne
22 one ein, ei
23 two
24 three trig
25 four fjur
26 five fin
27 big grút, stur
28 long lang
29 wide breid, wíd
30 thick tick
31 heavy häbbig
32 small lýske
33 short stunt, kúrt
34 narrow small
35 thin tunn
36 woman kona, wíw
37 man
(adult male)
38 man
(human being)
39 child
(a youth)
40 wife frö, núte
41 husband man, nút
42 mother muder, múr
43 father fader, fár
44 animal djur
45 fish fiskj
46 bird fugle
47 dog hund
48 louse lús
49 snake slang, snack, él
50 worm wyrm (m.), mate (m.)
51 tree boum (m.), trä (n.)
52 forest buskj (m.), walt (m.), skogen (m.)
53 stick
(of wood)
stock (m.)
54 fruit oft (n.)
55 seed säd (f.), fräg (n.)
56 leaf lou (n.), blád (n.)
57 root wyttole (m.), rut (f.)
58 bark
(of tree)
bark (m.)
59 flower blumm (m.)
60 grass gräss (n.)
61 rope reip (m.), tó (n.)
62 skin
(of a person)
hýd (f.)

==Example text==

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