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Dragon (Dratheus)

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Name: Dragon

Type: Agglutinating

Alignment: Nominative-Accusative

Head Direction: Final

Number of genders: 3

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect

General informationEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Alveo-Dental Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal n ɲ ŋ
Plosive Voiceless t c k q ʔ
Voiced d ɟ g
Fricative Voiceless s ç χ h
Voiced z ʝ
Approximant j ɰ ʁ
Lateral ʟ

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Closed i ɨ ɯ
Mid ɛ ə ʌ
Open æ a ɑ

Diphthongs are /ɑi/, /ɛi/, and /æɯ/.

PhonotacticsEdit

OnsetEdit

[nasal]-[fricative]-[plosive]-[approximant] as the most complex onset, though any or all of these may be omitted. Example onsets include /nskl/, /ŋkj/, /st/, /q/ or null.

Alveo-dental affrication: /t/ > /ts/ and /d/ > /dz/ immediately before a high vowel. i.e. /ti/ > /tsi/, /dɯ/ > /dzɯ/

Nasal regressive adjacent assimilation: If a nasal is immediately before an obstruent, it must be in the same place of articulation as the obstruent. i.e. /nka/ is not acceptable, but /ŋka/ is.

CodaEdit

[nasal]-[fricative]-[plosive]-[fricative] as the most complex coda, though any or all of these may be omitted.

Word-final devoicing: A word ending in a voiced obstruent has that obstruent devoiced. i.e. /ʟɑd/ > /ʟɑt/, /zdag/ > /zdak/

MorphologyEdit

NounsEdit

Nouns are declined for class (dragon, living non-dragon, nonliving), case (nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative), number (singular, plural) and possessive person.

Singular NounsEdit

Dragon Nondragon Nonliving
Nominative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Ablative

Plural NounsEdit

Dragon Nondragon Nonliving
Nominative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Ablative

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives agree with nouns in class, case and number.

Singular NounsEdit

Dragon Nondragon Nonliving
Nominative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Ablative

Plural NounsEdit

Dragon Nondragon Nonliving
Nominative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Ablative

Possessive PersonEdit

1s
1p
2s
2p

VerbsEdit

Verbs are conjugated for tense (past, present, future) and aspect.

TenseEdit

Past
Future

SyntaxEdit

SVO word order. Postpositions. Head-final noun phrase (adjectives precede nouns).

LexiconEdit

PronounsEdit

English Dragon

PostpositionsEdit

English Dragon

NumbersEdit

Base-10

# Dragon
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
20
100
1,000
9,999

Open ClassEdit

English Dragon Notes
be
breathe (flame)
dragon
flame
go

Example TextsEdit

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