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Duck

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duck
kwaakw
Type
ergative absolutive
Alignment
polysnythetic
Head direction
final
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Duck language is spoken by a race of human sized ducks who have human intellegence who created large empire before being defeated by elephant headed humanoids

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial

alveolar

Palatal

post Velar

velar

Uvular

Epiglottal

nasal

 mʷ   

m̥ʰ 

 nʷ 

n̥ʰ

 ɲʷ

ɲ̊ʰ 

ŋ͡m

Plosive

pʷ

pʰ

ɓ

ɓʷ

 

 

tʷ

tʰ 

ɗ̥ʷ

ɗ̥

cʷ

cʰ 

ʄ

ʄʷ

kʰ

ɠʷ 

ɠ

qʷ

qʰ

ʛ

ʛʷ  

Fricative

 

 

ɹ̠˔

ɧ

ʷ

Approximant

wˤⁿ 

 

 

ɹ̠̊ ɹ̠

 

 ɰⁿ

 ʁ̞ⁿ

 ʢⁿ

lateral fricative

 

 

ɡʟ̝

Lateral flap

 

 

 ɺⁿ

ʟ̆

 


Consonants

VowelsEdit

Near-front Back
Close i [ʔ͡ti◌̘]  u [ɯ◌̘] ų [ʔ͡tɯ◌̙]
Close-mid e [ʔ͡te̞]
Open a [ɑĦ]  o [ʔ͡tɑ◌̙]


AlphabetEdit

mw m mh nw n nh nyw ny nm
 mʷ   mˠ m̥ʰ  nʷ  n̥ʰ  ɲʷ ɲ̊ʰ  ŋ͡m
pʷ pʰ ɓ ɓʷ tʷ tʰ ɗ̥ʷ ɗ̥ cʷ cʰ ʄ ʄʷ kʰ ɠʷ ɠ qʷ qʰ ʛ ʛʷ
pw ph b bw tw t dw d cw ch c' c'w kw k kw' k' qw q q' qw'
ɹ̠˔ ɧ ʷ wˤⁿ  ɹ̠̊  ɹ̠  ɰⁿ ʁ̞ⁿ  ʢⁿ ɡʟ̝  ɺⁿ ʟ̆
r h kh w rh rr wh gh x dl gl ln l
ʔ͡t

i◌̘

ɯ◌̘ ʔ͡t

ɯ◌̙

ʔ͡t

ɑĦ ʔ͡t

ɑ

i u 'u e a o

PhonotacticsEdit

 the standard phonological structures are CL(liquid)V CNV CVC CVVC VCV VVCVV, there are no restrictions on consonant clusters involving non plosives but two or more plosives is impossible.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Nouns Edit

The nouns are very complicated in Duck, there is 4 noun classes, 4 numbers and around 4 cases, all of the cases and they must all agree on the noun case which also effects verbs.

Class
Ergative vocative instrumental benefecitive
I duck pwo abo ru ogl
II land twa otwo zhu uol
III water  mho om  khu aor
IV abstract  wo amu  hu iog
suffix single dual triple plural
I ikh aogh adl onw
II ekh uogh aodl onm
III ækh iogh edl acw
IV ukh agh udl aglw
prefix interior surface adjacency state
from

Elative Cw'aa

Delative kwoo Ablative lnee Exessive dlaa
at/in Inessive glu'u Superessive xmo Adessive glrhaa Essive roro
(in)to Illative mbwoo Sublative nmu' Allative waa Translative ghagla
via Perlative papwa Vialis hama Prosecutive whii Prolative q'aee
genitive semblative sociative ornative abessive translative identical superior inferior
I oglo olno odwo onyo onmo obwo opwo okwo oqwo
II agla alna adwa anya anma abwa apwa akwa aqwa
III u'glu' u'lnu' u'dwu' u'nyu' u'nmu' u'bwu' u'pwu' u'kwu' u'qwu'
IV egle elne edwe enye enme ebwe epwe ekwe eqwe

VerbsEdit

prefix Inceptive aorist complete continuation imperfect
far future Bogla dlaja khoqo nyunmu' nywalna
future qw'aga loxo xada nwuuca kwaqwa
present bwokwo qwuwho wupwa bogwa c'owo
past twamwa mwomo Bagwa oowa rhagw
distant past gwgao gwu qwo gwa qw'a

Edit

Syntax: Edit

he word order is OVS and it is a left branching language. The language uses verbal incorpration of objects and pronouns but not noun agents. The language uses mainly suffixes however other affixes are also used. the language is purely ergative-absloutive. tramsative agents are marked with the ergative case and intransitive agents/patients are marked as absloutive as are transative patients. The language is highly agglunating and uses the slot system of polysnythethises. (Most of my poly langs are slot based). 

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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