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Ecwoyate

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Ecwoyate
Ecwoyate
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Ecwoyate is a conlang invented by me (Hetaliajapan98).  I made this conlang just for fun and it's a priori.  I love languages and linguistics and I always wanted to invent a conlang and I knew I would be bored over the summer so I decided to write it out on paper but it was really getting on my nerves that I actually didn't have any time during the summer and I started doing it and I got lost and it turned out to be a mess at first and I'm just starting to actually make it (Yay! Finally!) Thank god I found this website where I can organize it. Anyway, Back to the conlang, so it's suppose to be completely different from English in terms of grammar and phonology. I plan to only use it only by myself but if anyone would like to learn it, that would be awesome.  I hope my hard work pays off and people actually like it! Have fun reading! The language isn't finished yet. 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal ɱ ɳ ɴ̩
Plosive ʈ q ʔ
Fricative ɸ β θ ð s ʂ ʐ ʝ ɣ
Affricate
Approximant ʍ
Trill ʙ ɽ͡r
Flap or tap ɽ
Click ʘʰ

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i y ɯ
Near-close ɪ
Close-mid ø
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Near-open æ
Open a

DiphthongsEdit

/aɪ/ /ɛɪ/ /ɔɪ/ /ɛə/

TriphthongsEdit

/aɪə/ /ɛɪə/ /ɔɪə/

AlphabetEdit

Letter IPA Letter IPA
Aa /a/ Nn /ɳ/
Ää /æ/ Oo /ɔ/
Bb /ʙ/ Öö /ø/
Cc /s/ Pp /ʘʰ/
Dd /ð/ Qq /q/
Ee /ə/ Rr /ɽ͡r/
Ëë /ɛ/ Ss /ʂ/
Ff /ɸ/ Tt /ʈ/
Gg /ɴ̩/ Uu /y/
Hh /ʔ/ Üü /ɯ/
Ii /i/ Vv /β/
Ïï /ɪ/ Ww /ʍ/
Jj /ɣ/ Xx /ʐ/
Kk /kʰ/ Yy /ʝ/
Ll /ɽ/ Zz /θ/
Mm /ɱ/

PhonotacticsEdit

Beginning of a WordEdit

1. /ɸ/ can be placed before /ʘʰ/, /ɱ/, /ɳ/, /ɖ/, /ɽ/, /ɽ͡r/, /ʝ/, /x/, /ɴ̩/, /q/, /ʔ/, /w̥/, /ʘʰɽ/, /ʘʰɽ͡r/, /ʘʰʝ/, /ʘʰw̥/,/ɖɽ/, /ɖɽ͡r/, /ɖʝ/, /ɖw̥/, /qɽ/, /qɽ͡r/, /qʝ/, /qw̥/.
– /ɸ/ changes to [f] when it's placed before /ɱ/.

2. /β/ can be placed before /ɱ/, /ɳ/, /ɖ/, /ɽ/, /ɽ͡r/, /ʝ/, /ɣ/, /ɴ̩/, /q/, /ʔ/, /w̥/,/ ɖɽ/, /ɖɽ͡r/, /ɖʝ/, /ɖw̥/, /qɽ/, /qɽ͡r/, /qʝ/, /qw̥/. 
– /β/ changes to [v] when it's placed before /ɱ/.
– /w̥/ changes to [w].

3. /ʙ/ can be placed before /ʝ/ and /w̥/.
– /w̥/ changes to [w].

4. /ʘʰ/ can be placed before /ɽ/, /ɽ͡r/, /ʝ/, and /w̥/. 

Middle of a WordEdit

1. /ɸ/ can be placed before /ʘʰ/, /ɱ/, /ɳ/, /ɖ/, /ɽ/, /ɽ͡r/, /ʝ/, /x/, /ɴ̩/, /q/, /ʔ/, /w̥/, /ʘʰɽ/, /ʘʰɽ͡r/, /ʘʰʝ/, /ʘʰw̥/, /ɖɽ/, /ɖɽ͡r/, /ɖʝ/, /ɖw̥/, /qɽ/, /qɽ͡r/, /qʝ/, /qw̥/.
– /ɸ/ changes to [f] when it's placed before /ɱ/.
– /ɖ/ changes to [ʈ].

2. /β/ can be placed before /ɱ/, /ɳ/, /ɖ/, /ɽ/, /ɽ͡r/, /ʝ/, /ɣ/, /ɴ̩/, /q/, /ʔ/, /w̥/, /ɖɽ/, /ɖɽ͡r/, /ɖʝ/, /ɖw̥/, /qɽ/, /qɽ͡r/, /qʝ/, /qw̥/.
– /β/ changes to [v] when it's placed before /ɱ/.
– /q/ and /w̥/ change to [ɢ] and [w].

End of a WordEdit

Vowel Changing RulesEdit

1. When a vowel, diphthong, or triphthong is placed before, after, or in between a nasal consonant(s), it becomes nasalized, as long as it’s in the same word.

2. When a vowel, diphthong, or triphthong is placed before, after, or in between a voiceless consonant, it becomes voiceless, as long as it’s in the same word.

Stress RulesEdit

The regular stress pattern changes depending on how many syllables are in a word.
– 1 syllable words: no stress
– 2 syllable words: stress on 1st syllable.
– 3+ syllable words: stress on second to last syllable.
– When there are two one syllable words next to each other, the first word isn’t stressed but the second word is stressed.
– When there are 4 one syllable words next to each other, the second word gets stressed but the fourth word has a falling accent.
– Stress is represented with (‘) and it’s placed before the stressed syllable and a falling accent is represented with (,) and it’s also placed before the syllable that has the falling accent.
– Irregular Stress is represented by (').

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

– All nouns end with -a, -e, -ï, -o, -i, and -u
– Nouns ending with -u are masculine.
– Nouns ending with -i are feminine.
– Nouns ending with -o are animals.
– Nouns ending with -a, -e, or -ï are objects.

PronounsEdit

Pronouns:

-Pronouns end in è, à, ì, or ù

-è means is a subject pronoun, à is object pronoun, ì is reflexive pronoun, and ù is possessive pronoun

-Pronouns start with k, c, us, is, and h. 

-k means first person, c means second person, us means third person male, is means third person female, and h is third person object. 

-to make it plural, add -l to the end of it

List of Pronouns:


Subject Pronouns: 

kè - I

cè - you (casual)

ucè - you (polite for males)

icè - you (polite for females)

usè - he (casual)

usèn - he (polite)

isè - she (casual)

isèn - she (polite)

hè - it

oè - it (for animals only)

cèkè - we (you and I)

kèl - we (me and another person) 

cèl - you all (casual)

ucèl - you all (polite for males)

icèl - you all (polite for females)

usèl - they (all males) (casual)

isèl - they (all females) (casual)

hèl - they (both males and females) (casual)

usèln - they (polite for males)

isèln- they (polite for females)

oèln - they (for animals only) 

Object Pronouns: 

kà - me 

cà - you (casual)

ucà - you (polite for males)

icà - you (polite for females)

usà - him (casual)

usàn - him (polite)

isà - her (casual)

isàn - her (formal)

hà - it 

oà - it (for animals only)

cèka - us (you and I)

kàl - us (me and another person)

càl - you all (causal)

ucàl - you all (polite for males)

icàl - you all (polite for females)

usàl - them (all males) (casual)

isàl - them (all females) (causal)

hàl - them (both males and females) casual)

usàln - them (polite for males)

isàln - them (polite for females)

oàln - them (for animals only)


Reflexive Pronouns: 

kì - myself

cì - yourself (casual)

ucì - yourself (polite for males)

icì - yourself (polite for females)

usì - himself (casual)

usìn - himself (polite)

isì - herself (casual)

isìn - herself (polite)

hì - itself 

oì - itself (for animals only)

cèkì - ourselves (you and I)

kìl - ourselves (me and another person)

cìl - all of yourselves (casual)

ucìl - all of yourselves (polite for males)

icìl - all of yourselves (polite for females)

usìl - themselves (all males) (casual)

isìl - themselves (all females) (casual)

hìl - themselves (both males and femals) (casual)

usìln - themselves (polite for males) 

isìln - thenselves (polite for females)

oìln - themselves (for animals only)


Possessive Pronoun:

kù - my

cù - your (casual)

ucù - your (polite for males)

icù - your (polite for females)

usù - his (casual)

usùn - his (polite)

isù - her (casual)

isùn - her (polite)

hù - its

où - its (for animals only)

cèkù - our (you and I)

kùl - our (me and another person)

cùl - yall’s (casual)

ucùl - yall’s (polite for males)

icùl - yall’s (polite for females)

usùl - their (all males) (casual)

isùl - their (all females) (casual)

hùl - their (both males and females) (casual)

usùln - their (polite for males)

isùln - their (polite for females)

oìln - their (polite for animals)

AdjectivesEdit

VerbsEdit

AdverbsEdit

PostpositionsEdit

ConjunctionsEdit

InterjectionsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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