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Ekoata

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Ekoata
Ka Bêgaçça /kä bɯ'ɣäççä/
Type Agglutinative
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Head Final, VSO Word Order
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 60%
Statistics
Nouns 43%
Verbs 97%
Adjectives 17%
Adverbs  %
Syntax 83%
Words 500 of 1500
Creator FavourForSocrates


Classification and DialectsEdit

Ekoata is a revamp of my older project Gikamlig, which will now be its successor. The same interest applies here: be creative first, naturalistic second. Gikamlig is going to be about taking some of the features of Ekoata and taking it several steps further. As such, Gikamlig will be, in my opinion, more creative, so don't expect anything too exciting here for now. To see the history of Ekoata, take a look at the page for Gikamlig.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d c k g
Lab. Plos. pʷ bʷ tʷ dʷ kʷ gʷ
Fricative (β) f (ð) s z ʃ ʒ ç (x) (ɣ) h
Lab. Fric. sʷ zʷ çʷ (xʷ)
Trill ʀ (ʁ)
Lab. Trill ʀʷ (ʁʷ)
  • The uvular trill can be used as a vowel, along with /m/ and /n/
  • Voiced plosives are fricitivized between vowels (Unless they are labial)

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i ɯ u
Close-mid e ø o
Open-mid ɛä (ɛː) ɔä (ɔː)
Open ä

PhonotacticsEdit

The standard syllable structure is (C)(C)V(C)(C), with some additional constraints.

Writing SystemEdit

Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound

GrammarEdit

Ekoata is an example of an agglutinative language in the transition of becoming more fusional in morphology. The most dramatic example is with the singular person, which has almost completely merged with conjugations regarding tense and aspect (although not entirely. For example, the suffix -uj, still retains the now archaic format of "-u" meaning present non-perfect and "-j" representing the first person singular). Also because of the merging of suffixes regarding person and number, the imperative mood had greatly simplified. As a consequence, the immergeance of separate subject pronouns developed. Furthermore, the present and future tense merged into the non-past.

New types of inflection have developed. For example, the suffix "-o/-e", once meaning roughly, "may" or "might", has come to represent the subjunctive mood. The optative mood eventually grew out of this development as well, along with a plural form of the suffix ("-os/-esw").

NounsEdit

Here are some of the major inflections for subjects and Indirect Objects:

Definite Indefinite Possessed Genitive
Sub. Singular -a -am -asw -agi
Sub. Plural -ar -amar -apw -agar
Ind. Singular -en -im -esw ege
Ind. Plural -er -imer -epw eger

As can be seen, not only does the noun that possesses inflected, but that which is possessed as well. This allows for even freer and more compact word order, and it will be explained how this can be a life saver later.

While nouns decline rather simplistically, articles contain a diverse number of inflections, some of which have evolved into fusional forms.

Nominitive Gen.
Def. Sing. Ka Kagi
Def. Plural Kaz Kagaz
Indef. Sing. Ma Maf
Indef. Plural Bra Bras

Another feature is how there are declinations solely for subjects and indefinite objects, but none for definite objects. Definite objects are unique in the language as they are not treated a separate nouns. Rather, they act as suffixes of the sentence's verbs. The result is that Ekoata verbs can become absurdly long, and in some circumstances, a single word can represent an entire thought, meaning in certain cases Ekoata acts as a polysynthetic language. Some example words where this occurs include: Prôggatoazgits (He has/will have been hit by a boulder), Subudztu (He washes himself), and Sjpendan (I am eating fish. Literally "I fisheat"). Further discussion regarding this feature will be explained in the Verb Section.

VerbsEdit

Nouns once came in one of two genders: Animate or Inanimate, the latter of which merged into the former. Originally, when a noun was used as a verb, animate nouns would inflect to what are called "light" verbs, and inanimate nouns to "dark" verbs; however, these dark and light verbs are still used heavily to this day. The notable difference is that light verbs conjugate with unrounded vowels, and dark with rounded (with the exception of ê).

Dark Realis Past Past Perf. Non-Past Non-Past Perf.
Fr. Per. S. -uç -oaj -uj -êz
Sec. Per. S. -ont -oal -ug -ôc
Thr. Per. S. -of -or -u -ots
Plural -unz -ôks -ên -um
Dark Irrealis Imperative Optative
Singular -rê -rêro
Plural -rê -rêros
Dark Subj. Past Past Perf. Non-Past Non-Past Perf.
Fr. Per. S. -uço -oajo -ujo -êzo
Sec. Per. S. -onto -oalo -ugo -ôco
Thr. Pers. S. -ofo -oro -uro -otso
Plural -unzos -ôksos -ênos -umos
Dark Non-Finite Infinitive Gerund Past Participle Present Participle
No. Neutral -uje -uje -oadz -oam
Light Realis Past Past Perf. Non-Past Non-Past Perf.
Fr. Per. S. -ihw -eaj -ij -ez
Sec. Per. S. -ent -eal -ig -ac
Thr. Per. S. -ef -ir -i -its
Plural -inz -aks -izw -am
Light Irrealis Imperative Optative
Singular -ri -rire
Plural -ri -riresw
Light Subj. Past Past Perf. Non-Past Non-Past Perf.
Fr. Per. S. -ihwe -eaje -ije -eze
Sec. Per. S. -ente -eale -ige -ace
Thr. Per. S. -efe -ire -ire -itse
Plural -inzesw -aksesw -izesw -amesw
Light Non-Finite Infinitive Gerund Past Participle Present Participle
No. Neutral -ide -ide -eadz -eam

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English Ekoata
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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