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Elenian

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Elenian
Еленіасіц леш
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

What do you get when you cross Russian with French?

The Elenian Language (Еленіаскь лекс - Eleniasque lex) is a Slavic language primarily spoken in the province of Elenia.

Elenian's genetic roots and history are uncertain. The language is hypothesized to be a completely independent branch from the Balto-Slavic language family with influence from south slavic languages. Today Elenian is preserved in Elenia as its official primary language (with English, Russian, French and Macedonian as secondary languages).

Elenian has two dialects, the most predominant being Southern Elenian (commonly referred to as Standard Elenian), which is spoken by 76% of the population. Northern Elenian, also known as Ordevish, is a minority dialect that uses a modified Latin alphabet, which has become the official method of romanizing the Elenian language.

The earliest records of written Elenian are in the Cyrillic alphabet. A switch was made to the Roman alphabet in the sixteenth century as a consequence of heavy French influence. During the mid-1800s, however, a reform was made to reintroduce the Cyrillic alphabet. This proved vastly successful, effectively restoring cyrillic as the predominant writing system within less than a decade (with exception of the Ordevish dialect). 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental / Alveolar Palato-alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m ɲ (ŋ)
Plosive p b t d
Fricative (β) f v s z ʃ ʒ x ɣ
Affricate ts (dz) tʃ dʒ
Approximant l j
Trill r

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i y ɨ ʉ u
Near-close ɪ ʊ
Close-mid e ɵ o
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Near-open æ ɐ
Open a ɑ

Alphabet and PronunciationEdit

Elenian currently uses a Cyrillic-based alphabet consisting of 33 letters;


Letter Transliteration Sound
А [a] /a/
Б [b] /b/
В [v] /v/
Г [g], [gu]☨ /g/
Д [d] /d/
Е [e] /e/
Ж [j], [g]☨ /ʒ/
З [z] /z/
И [ï] /i/, /ji/, /ij/
І [i] /i/, /j/
К [c], [qu]☨ /k/
Л [l] /ɫ/
М [m] /m/
Н [n] /n/
О [o] /o/
П [p] /p/
Р [r] /r/
С [s] /s/
Т [t] /t/
У [u] /y/
Ф [f] /f/
Х [kh] /x/
Ц [ç], [c]☨ /t͡s/
Џ [dj] /d͡ʒ̟/
Ч [ch] /t͡ʃ/
Ш [sh] /ʃ/
Ъ [ù] /ɨ/
Ь [è], [e] (word final) /ʲ/
Ѣ [ê] /ɛ/
Ѧ [en] /ɛ̃/
Ѫ [on] /ɔ̃/


☨ Used before front vowels е, и, or і.

In the latin alphabet, the letter is a dependent letter used for either distinguishing phonemes or indicating a nasalized consonant (either ѧ or ѫ).

Little Yus ѧ and Big Yus ѫ have remained in the cyrillic alphabet, making Elenian the only living language to still use the letters.

Likewise, Yat ѣ  has been retained to distinguish /ɛ/ and /e/ that have become two independent phonemes for historical purposes.

The vowel у has shifted from back vowel /u/ to front vowel /y/ due to the influence of Greek and Europe's langues d'oïl. The digraph оу is used to represent /u/.

All iotated vowels have been eliminated from the alphabet, instead using Decimal I before a vowel. Decimal I has also been used to substitute the Short I (Й) in transliterations of other slavic names. For example, the Russian name Юрий could be rendered as Іурі.


RomanizationEdit

For centuries Elenian has been under influence of Romance languages, and has developed a romanized alphabet that resembles the phonetic characteristics of most languages of romance

A a result, it is not as literal of an alphabet as most slavic languages that use Roman script. Firstly because of the implementation of "hard" and "soft" consonants as inspired by Romance languages, whereas placement before a front vowel (e, i, y) changes the pronunciation of the letter c from /k/ to /t͡s/ and g from /g/ to /ʒ/. Moreover it borrows the tactic of using the digraphs qu and gu to make an exception to this rule.

Palatalization also has a few rules unique to Elenian; a soft sign (ь) can be rendered as è in the middle of a word (although in most cases the soft sign has been eliminated in favor of і in the middle of words). Word finally, the soft sign changes to e, to the effect of the silent e in French or in English. A grave accent is used to distinguish a palatalized final consonant from a final e. Furthermore, final -ье can be rendered Examples:

Cyrillic Romanized Meaning
Мать Mate Mother
Мате Matè Math
Матье Maté Mother (Genitive)

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes No Yes No No No No No
Numbers Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Participles Yes No Yes Yes No No No No
Adverb Yes No Yes No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No Yes No Yes No No


Like Latin, words of a simple sentence in Elenian could be put in any order as long as the words are properly declined. The genitive case substitutes for the accusative in the singular for pronouns.

I chased him

Іѣз дошіл жо / Жо іѣз дошіл / Дошіл іѣ'жо etc.

"He chased me" would be rendered Он дошіл мѧ and can be arranged in any word order since the noun declension is the sole indicator of subject and object.

VocabularyEdit

Personal PronounsEdit

Nominative 1st Person 2nd Person 3rd Person
M. F. N.
Singular Іѣз Тъ Он Она То
Plural Мъ Въ Оні
Accusative 1st Person 2nd Person 3rd Person
Singular Мѧ Тѧ
Plural Нъ Въ
Genitive 1st Person 2nd Person 3rd Person
Singular Мене Тебе
Plural Нас Вас
Locative 1st Person 2nd Person 3rd Person
Singular Мнѣ Тебѣ
Plural Нас Вас

Noun InflectionsEdit

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