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Elezedźana

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Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Elezedźana [ˌjeɪ̯ʎ̝ɪzʲɪˈd͡zʲanə] is the national language of Elezedźa and is spoken by 99% of its populace. It is very consonant-heavy and relies greatly on palatalization.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Coronal Dorsal Glottal
Alveolar

Postalveolar

Palatal Velar/ Uvular
Central Lateral
Nasal m mʲ n ɲ ɴ ŋʲ
Plosive Voiceless p pʲ t tʲ~c k kʲ~c [ʔ]
Voiced b bʲ d dʲ~ɟ g gʲ~ɟ
Fricative Voiceless ɸ ɸʲ s sʲ ɬ ʎ̥̝ ʃ ɕ x ç h ç
Voiced β βʲ~ɥ z zʲ ɮ ʎ̝ ʒ ʑ ɣ j
Affricate Voiceless t͡s t͡sʲ t͡ɬ c͡ʎ̥̝ [t͡ɕ]    
Voiced d͡z d͡zʲ d͡ɮ ɟ͡ʎ̝ [d͡ʑ]
Flap ɺ ʎ̯
Approximant ɰ j
  • Each phoneme has a palatalized "soft" and unpalatalized "hard" form.
  • There are two /ç/ and two /j/ phonemes; the palatalized forms of /x/ and /h/ are both /ç/, and the palatalized forms of /ɣ/ and /ɰ/ are both /j/.
  • /d͡ʑ/ and /t͡ɕ/ are the only phonemes without unpalatalized forms, and only appear in loanwords. They are pronounced [d͡zʲ] and [t͡sʲ] by some speakers.
  • [ʔ] exists as a separator between words or morphemes intervocally.

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Unrounded Rounded
High i y ɯ
Mid e ø ɤ
Low a

There is much allophony among the vowels according to preceding and following consonants, iotification, as well as stress.


PhonotacticsEdit

OrthographyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Palatalized
IPA Letter
/mʲ/ mj
/ɲ/ nj
/ŋʲ/ ǹj
/pʲ/ pj
/bʲ/ bj
/tʲ~c/ tj
/dʲ~ɟ/ dj
/kʲ~c/ kj
/gʲ~ɟ/ gj
/ɸʲ/ fj
/βʲ~ɥ/ vj
/sʲ/ ś
/zʲ/ ź
/ʎ̥̝/ ƚj
/ʎ̝/ lj
/ɕ/
/ʑ/ x
/ç/ ǩj
/j/ ǧj
/ç/ hj
/t͡sʲ/ ć
/d͡zʲ/
/c͡ʎ̥̝/ gƚj
/ɟ͡ʎ̝/ glj
/t͡ɕ/
/d͡ʑ/ ƶ
/ʎ̯/ rj
/j/
Unpalatalized
IPA Letter
/m/ m
/n/ n
/ɴ/ ǹ
/p/ p
/b/ b
/t/ t
/d/ d
/k/ k
/g/ g
/ɸ/ f
/β/ v
/s/ s
/z/ z
/ɬ/ ƚ
/ɮ/ l
/ʃ/
/ʒ/ ż
/x/ ǩ
/ɣ/ ǧ
/h/ h
/t͡s/ ts/c
/d͡z/ dz
/t͡ɬ/
/d͡ɮ/ dl
/ɺ/ r
/ɰ/ w
  • Phonemes are soft before iotated vowels, or when written as they are in the palatalized table.
  • /t͡s/ is written ⟨c⟩ before iotated vowels and ⟨ts⟩ elsewhere.
  • Sibilant fricatives are softened by adding an acute accent to them, with the exception of ⟨ż⟩, which becomes ⟨x⟩.

VowelsEdit

Iotated
IPA Letter
/ʲi/ i
/ʲy/ ý
/ʲe/ e
/ʲø/ y
/ʲɯ/ ú
/ʲɤ/ ù
/ʲa/ á
Uniotated
IPA Letter
/y/
/e/ ĕ
/ø/ œ
/ɯ/ u
/ɤ/ o
/a/ a

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


VocabularyEdit

Example textEdit

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