Wikia

Conlang

Elia Eōðora

3,211articles on
this wiki
Talk0

Just for fun. Elia Eōðora, which means enchanted tongue, is an inflected language partly inspired by Romanic languages, partly by Germanic languages, especially those who make up the North Germanic languages branch and descended from Norse.


PhonologyEdit

E.T. consists of 16 consonants, 5 vowels and 1 semi-vowel. More than two consonants/two vowels may not be put together.

A major part of E.T. words are based on the pattern (C)VCVCV or (C)VCVCVC(V). These often consist of more than one morpheme, since most root morphemes follow the pattern (C)VCV.

Consonants Edit

Nasal: m, n, ng

Plosive: b, d, c, g, p, ph, t

Fricative: ç, ð, f, h, s, sh, th, v

Affricate: ch, ts

Lateral approximant: l

Trill consonant: r

Clusters Edit

In E.T. the maximal amount of consonants put together is 2. When adding a consonant-starting suffix to a word that ends with a consonant cluster, a thematic vowel (either e or i) must be used.

AlphabetEdit

Majuscule forms
A | B | C | Ç | D | Ð | E | F | G | H | I | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | Y
Minuscule forms
a | b | c | ç | d | ð | e | f | g | h | i | l | m | n | o | p | r | s | t | u | v | y

Vowels are: A, E, I, O, U

Consonants are: B, C, Ç, Ð, F, G, H, L, M, N, P, R, S, T, V, Y

(Note: Y is a semi-vowel, but counted among consonants since it's used only before vowels and pronounced [j])

A macron (ē) is placed above a vowel, indicating that the vowel is long.

An umlaut (ë) can be placed above the letter e or the letter o and slightly changes the pronunciation of the word. Unlike normal o, ö is to be pronounced [œ] and unlike normal e, ë is to be pronounced [æ]

Basic grammarEdit

E.T. is a fusional language. It does therefore not have a fixed word order, although SVO and SOV are the most common ones.

Genders Edit

E.T. has got two grammatical genders: common and neuter that together with its 3 declensions determine how E.T. nouns and adjectives are to be conjugated.

Cases Edit

E.T. has got 4 different cases in each declension: nominative, genitive, accusative and ablative/dative.

NominativeEdit

Nominative case marks the subject or predicative of a sentence.

C. Singular C. Plural N. Singular N. Plural
First decl. -(v) -(v)te -(v) -(v)te
Second decl. -(c/vc) -(c/vc)ne -(c/vc) -(c/vc)ne
Third decl. -(c) -(c)te -(c) -(c)te

Note: Words of the second and third declension ending with a consonant cluster make an exception in nominative plural. When adding a plural suffix of second declension to a word of such, the thematic vowel i must be used, and in third declension the thematic vowel e is used the same way.

Examples: Second decl. Semn, ray | n. Plural: Semnine, not semnne. Third decl. Cast, raven | c. Plural: Castete, not castte.

GenitiveEdit

Genitive case marks a noun as modifying another noun.

C. Singular C. Plural N. Singular N. Plural
First decl. -(v)n -(v)ten -(v)n -(v)ten
Second decl. -(c/vc)n -(c/vc)nen -(c/vc)n -(c/vc)nen
Third decl. -(c)om -(c)omis -(c)em -(c)emis

Note: Words of the second declension ending with a consonant cluster make an exception in genitive singular and plural. When adding a genitive suffix of second declension to a word of such, the thematic vowel i must be used.

Example: Ell, finger | c. Genitive: Ellin(en), not elln.

AccusativeEdit

Accusative case is used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb and for the objects of some prepositions, expressing direction.

C. Singular C. Plural N. Singular N. Plural
First decl. -(v)ē -(v)tē -(v)tē
Second decl. -(c/vc)tem -(c/vc)temne -(c/vc)tem -(c/vc)temne
Third decl. -(c)oth -(c)othe -(c)eth -(c)ethe

Note: Words of the first declension that end with -e make an exception in accusative singular and should instead be conjugated -ē.

Exampel: Mane, morning | n. Accusative: manē, not maneē.

Words of the second declension ending with a consonant cluster make an exception in accusative singular and plural. When adding a accusative suffix of second declension to a word of such, the thematic vowel i must be used.

Exampel: Semn, ray | n. Accusative: Semnitem(ne), not semntem.

Ablative/DativeEdit

In E.T. ablative case and dative case form a common pattern of conjugation and are considered the same case. Ablative case modifies nouns of place, time, manner etc. It is modified itself by certain prepositions expressing existence. Dative case is generally used to indicate the noun to whom something is given.

C. Singular C. Plural N. Singular N. Plural
First decl. -(v)tē -(v)tē
Second decl. -(c/vc)mē -(c/vc)nē -(c/vc)mā -(c/vc)nā
Third decl. -(c)oð -(c)oðe -(c)eð -(c)eðe

Note: Words of the second declension ending with a consonant cluster make an exception in abl./dat. singular and plural. When adding a plural suffix of second declension to a word of such, the thematic vowel i must be used.

Exampel: Semn, ray | n. Accusative: Semnimē, not semnmē.

Nouns Edit

All E.T. nouns can be conjugated into 3 different patterns, called declensions. There vary quite lot depending on the termination of the noun.

First declensionEdit

First declension is the most common declension in E.T. language. Regular common or neuter words that end with vocal are conjugated according to this following pattern:

Exampel: Ama, woman | c. Acina, mountain | n.

First declension
Common Neuter
Singular Plural Singular Plural
Nom. Ama Amate Acina Acinate
Gen Aman Amaten Acinan Acinaten
Ack Am Ama Acinē Acina
Abl/Dat Amā Ama Acinā Acina

As you can see there is little difference between common and neuter cases in the first declension, they are only differently conjugated in accusative singular. Note aswell that there are no differences between accusative plural and abl./dat. plural in the first declension.

Second declensionEdit

Second declension is a pretty common declension in E.T. language and concerns nouns ending with l, n, m and diphthong. Regular nouns ending with these letters are conjugated according to this following pattern:

Exampel: Neu, child | c. Cal, tree | n.

Second declension
Common Neuter
Singular Plural Singular Plural
Nom. Neu Neune Cal Calne
Gen Neun Neunen Caln Calnen
Ack Neutem Neutemne Caltem Caltemne
Abl/Dat Neu Neu Cal Cal

In second declension, not unlike first, common and neuter endings are pretty simular. The only differences are the ones in the Abl./Dat. case where common uses ē while neuter uses ā.

Third declensionEdit

Third declension is the least common of all declensions. It concerns nouns ending with d, p, r, s and t. Regular nouns ending with these letters are conjugated according to this following pattern:

Exampel: Mer, man | c. Les, lake | n.

Third declension
Common Neuter
Singular Plural Singular Plural
Nom. Mer Merte Les Leste
Gen Merom Meromis Lesem Lesemis
Ack Meroth Merothe Leseth Lesethe
Abl/Dat Mer Meroðe Les Leseðe

In third declension you can notice many differences between common and neuter conjugations. They are pretty simular, though, the difference between them is the vowel they mainly use. Common uses o as in merom and meroth while neuter uses e as in lesem and leseth.

Articles Edit

E.T. has got both indefinite article and definite article.

Common Neuter
Indefinite ne na
Definite -(e)na -(a)n

Ne and na, corresponding to English a/an, are own words, and should be placed before the noun they're modifying. Definite -(e)na and -(a)n, on the other hand, are suffixes. If a word ends with a vowel or diphthong, -na/-n should be placed after the word. If the word ends with a consonant, -ena/-an should be placed after the word. The definite suffix can be placed after any case.

Examples: Ne mer, a man, Merena, the man. Na acina, a mountain, Acinanan, the mountain's (genitive determinated form of Acina)

Personal pronounsEdit

Personal pronouns
Subject Object
Singular Plural Singular Plural
1st person. Ana Anae Em Emae
2nd person Anat Anate Et Etae
3rd person Anan* Anane En* Enan
*Third person pronouns
Subject Object
Masc. Anan En
Fem. Anon Enon
Neutr. Anin Enin
Neutr. Anen -

Anen neutral third person pronoun correspondig to English 'one' as in "One must always be aware of..."

Possessive pronounsEdit

Possessive pronouns
Singular Plural
Common Neuter
1st person. Meu Mes Meune
2nd person Teu Tes Teune
3rd person Seu Ses Seune

Demonstative pronounsEdit

Demonstrative pronouns
this, these that, those
Singular
com. emen eman
neutr. emet emat
Plural
com. emenate emanate
neutr. emete emate

Reflexive pronounsEdit

Reflexive pronouns
Singular Plural
1st person. Em Emae
2nd person Et Etae
3rd person Es Es

Interrogative pronounsEdit

Pronoun Use
cedō what
ceū who
ceūm which
aulē how much'
auletē how many'

Relative pronounsEdit

Pronoun Use Description
ceu who, that about persons
ceum which, that about things
tena whose
sane where

Verbs Edit

E.T. conjugates verbs based on person, number, tense, mood and voice. The conjugation has got six tenses: Present, imperfect, future, perfect, pluperfect, future perfect, two moods: indicative and imperative, and two voices: active voice and passive voice.

Conjugation Edit

Here follow examples of all verb forms in E.E. To make an infinitive form of a verb, which always ends with -de, the infinitive suffix (-de) is added normally to a noun (as in eliade below). It can also just be added to any word. E is then afterwards dropped, but -d- is kept during the whole conjugation.

Eliade, to speak (from elia, tongue or speech | c.)

PresentEdit

(Stem + d + personal endings)

Present tense
Active Passive
Singular Plural Singular Plural
1st person eliada eliadae eliadam eliadaem
2nd person eliadat eliadate eliadatem eliadatim
3rd person eliadan eliadane eliadanem eliadanim

ImperativeEdit

Singular Speak! Eliadar! Plural Speak! Eliadarin!


ImperfectEdit

(Stem + d + imperfect suffix it + personal endings)

Preterite
Active Passive
Singular Plural Singular Plural
1st person eliadita eliaditae eliaditam eliaditaem
2nd person eliaditat eliaditate eliaditatem eliaditatim
3rd person eliaditan eliaditane eliaditanem eliaditanim

FutureEdit

(Stem + d + future suffix en + personal endings)

Future tense
Active Passive
Singular Plural Singular Plural
1st person eliadena eliadenae eliadenam eliadenaem
2nd person eliadenat eliadenate eliadenatem eliadenatim
3rd person eliadenan eliadenane eliadenanem eliadenanim

PerfectEdit

(Stem + d + perfect suffix er + personal endings)

Perfect tense
Active Passive
Singular Plural Singular Plural
1st person eliadera eliaderae eliaderam eliaderaem
2nd person eliaderat eliaderate eliaderatem eliaderatim
3rd person eliaderan eliaderane eliaderanem eliaderanim

PluperfectEdit

(Stem + d + pluperfect suffix erit, from perfect suffix er + imperfect suffix it, + personal endings)

Pluperfect tense
Active Passive
Singular Plural Singular Plural
1st person eliaderita eliaderitae eliaderitam eliaderitaem
2nd person eliaderitat eliaderitate eliaderitatem eliaderitatim
3rd person eliaderitan eliaderitane eliaderitanem eliaderitanim

Future perfectEdit

(Stem + d + future perfect suffix ener, from future suffix en + perfect suffix er, + personal endings)

Future perfect tense
Active Passive
Singular Plural Singular Plural
1st person eliadenera eliadenerae eliadeneram eliadeneraem
2nd person eliadenerat eliadenerate eliadeneratem eliadeneratim
3rd person eliadeneran eliadenerane eliadeneranem eliadeneranim

Adjectives Edit

NumbersEdit

DictionaryEdit

...

Example textEdit

...

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki