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Elite Vamapaskian
Type Agglutinative-Fusional
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Head-Final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 10%
Statistics
Nouns 26%
Verbs 5%
Adjectives 17%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator CleverBrownie

Elite Vamapaskian is a language spoken by the Vamapaskians as lingua franca.

General informationEdit

In context, Elite Vamapaskian is spoken around 5000 BC in the Fertile Crescent by a group of tribes called the Vamapaskians as a lingua franca, because it was the language spoken by the most powerful tribe of them all.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g ʔ
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ x ɣ h
Affricate t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ
Approximant w j w
Trill r
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral app. l

Notes Edit

  • Sometimes, consonants change depending on the consonant following it.
    • ...b/f/v/w + s → ...ps
    • ...g/x/ɣ + s → ...ks

VowelsEdit

Front Back
High i y u
High-mid e o
Low-mid ɛ
Low a

Notes Edit

  • The ɛ can be long and is considered a different vowel.
  • To compensate for the loss of a consonant following a vowel, there can occur a compensatory lengthening.
    • a → â
    • e → è
    • é → ê
    • i → î
    • o → ô
    • u → û
    • y → î

PhonotacticsEdit

  • The onset can have a maximum of 3 consonants and is obligatory.
  • The coda can only contain 2 consonants.
  • The nucleus can only contain a vowel sound.
    • (C)(C)CV(C)(C)
  • If a nasal or [t], [d], [θ], or [ð], or by a combination of those sounds, is succeded by an [s], the former consonant (cluster) will be dropped and the preceding vowel will be lengthened.

Contractions Edit

When two vowels meet, they will contract into a different vowel sound. The following table shows these contractions:

1st\2nd a e è é i o u y
a â ai au
e eia è é ei eu
è èia èié èi èu
é éia éi éiè ê éi éu
i ia ie î io iw
o wa we oi ô
u ui wo û
y wi wu î

TransliterationEdit

Letter m n ñ//ni ng p b t d k g ' f
Sound m n ɲ ŋ p b t d k g ʔ f
Letter v th dh s z sh zh kh gh h ts z
Sound v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ x ɣ h t͡s d͡z
Letter tsh dzh w j r l i y u e o ɛ
Sound t͡ʃ d͡ʒ w j ɾ; r l i y u é o e
Letter a

ɛ:

Sound a

è

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

For the nouns, there are 2 kinds of declensions: thematic and athematic, each having 3 declensions. There are 8 cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, allative, instrumentalis, and locative. There are also 4 grammatical genders: masculin, feminine, unspecified, neuter. And latsly, there are 3 grammatical numbers: singular, dual, and plural.

Thematic Edit

1st declension: lion-es (master, lord), haman-è (godess), hoste (enemy), lét-el (lstone)
SING. M F U N
NOM liones hamanè hoste létel
VOC lione
ACC lionelé hamanèla hostel
GEN lioneth hamanèth hosteth léteth
DAT lionet hamanèt hostet létet
ALL lionek hamanèk hostek létek
INS lionem hamanèm hostem létem
LOC lionef hamanèf hostef létef
DUAL
NOM leliones hehamanè hehoste lelétel
VOC
ACC lelionelé hehamanèla hehostel
GEN lelioneth hehamanèth hehosteth leléteth
DAT lelionet hehamanèt hehostet lelétet
ALL lelionek hehamanèk hehostek lelétek
INS lelionem hehamanèm hehostem lelétem
LOC lelionef hehamanèf hehostef lelétef
PLURAL
NOM lionei hamanèn hosten léteil
VOC
ACC lioneilé hamanènal hostenel
GEN lioneis hamanèth hosteneth léteis
DAT lioneitum hamanètum hostenetum léteitum
ALL lioneik hamanèk hostenek léteik
INS lioneim hamanèm hostenem léteim
LOC lioneif hamanèf hostenef léteif
2nd declension: chr-on (time), puin-on (pain), orn-o (bird), gur-ol (color)
SING. M F U N
NOM chron puinon orno gurol
VOC
ACC chrolé puinola ornol
GEN chroth puinoth ornoth guroth
DAT chrot puinot ornot gurot
ALL chrok puinok ornok gurok
INS chrom puinom ornom gurom
LOC chrof puinof ornof gurof
DUAL
NOM chochron popuinon o'orno gogurol
VOC
ACC chochrolé popuinola o'ornol
GEN chochroth popuinoth o'ornoth goguroth
DAT chochrot popuinot o'ornot gogurot
ALL chochrok popuinok o'ornok gogurok
INS chochrom popuinom o'ornom gogurom
LOC chochrof popuinof o'ornof gogurof
PLURAL
NOM chroi puinoi ornoi guroil
VOC
ACC chroilé puinoila ornoil
GEN chrois puinois ornois gurois
DAT chroitum puinoitum ornoitum guroitum
ALL chroik puinoik ornoik guroik
INS chroim puinoim ornoim guroim
LOC chroif puinoif ornoif guroif
3rd declension: zoi-us (boyfriend), wéchr-ui (woman), zoi-u (romantic partner), lyd-ul (game)
SING. M F U N
NOM zoius wéchrui zoiu lydul
VOC
ACC zoiulé wéchruila zoiul
GEN zoiuth wéchruith zoiuth lyduth
DAT zoiut wéchruit zoiut lydut
ALL zoiuk wéchruik zoiuk lyduk
INS zoium wéchruim zoium lydum
LOC zoiuf wéchruif zoiuf lyduf
DUAL
NOM zuzoius wuwéchrui zuzoiu lulydul
VOC
ACC zuzoiulé wuwéchruila zuzoiul
GEN zuzoiuth wuwéchruith zuzoiuth lulyduth
DAT zuzoiut wuwéchruit zuzoiut lulydut
ALL zuzoiuk wuwéchruik zuzoiuk lulyduk
INS zuzoium wuwéchruim zuzoium lulydum
LOC zuzoiuf wuwéchruif zuzoiuf lulyduf
PLURAL
NOM zoji wéchruin zoiun lydunul
VOC
ACC zojilé wéchruinal zoiunul
GEN zojis wéchruis zoiunus lydunus
DAT zojitum wéchruitum zoiutum lydutum
ALL zojik wéchruinak zoiunuk lydunuk
INS zojim wéchruinam zoiunum lydunum
LOC zojif wéchruinaf zoiunuf lydunuf

Note: if for the feminin declension the stem ends in an alveolar consonant, the declension will change to the feminin e-declension.

Athematic Edit

1st declension: vivèl (paper sheet), chrefôr (fear), andhalâs (ground), samâ (body)
SING. M F U N
NOM Last syllable lengthened Pure stem
VOC
ACC -a
GEN -is
DAT -i -ti
ALL -ach -ech
INS -um -sum
LOC -ach -ech
DUAL
NOM -u
VOC
ACC -ich
GEN -en
DAT -ilas -ylas
ALL -ulan -olan
INS -afir -afer
LOC -ulan -olan
PLURAL
NOM -es -a
VOC
ACC -as
GEN -eis
DAT -si -sei
ALL -ang -eng
INS -am -sam
LOC -ang -eng
Stem purification Edit

Sometimes a stem must undergo changes in order to sound good when used on its own. These guidelines describe the changes:

  • Voiced fricatives and plosives become unvoiced: v ~> f; b ~> p; etc.
  • If the ultima ends in -nt, -t, -st, -pt, or -ft, the t will be dropped: samat- ~> samâ
2nd declension: Hal-s (salt), (), (), ()
SING. M F U N
NOM -s -tha -s -a
VOC
ACC -a -sa -a
GEN -tis
DAT -i -ti -i
ALL -uch -sich -uch
INS -dhum -dhem -dhum
LOC -tech -tach -tech
DUAL
NOM -r -te -r -i
VOC
ACC -re
GEN -ris
DAT
ALL -khar
INS -thim
LOC -tel
PLURAL
NOM -es -a
VOC
ACC -as
GEN -yn
DAT -dhu
ALL -ghar
INS -thom
LOC -tuk
3rd declension: (), (), (), ()
SING. M F U N
NOM -eril -ar
VOC
ACC -aril
GEN -arith
DAT -let -ret
ALL -lek -rek
INS -lym -rym
LOC -luf -ruf
DUAL
NOM -ers -ars
VOC
ACC -ything
GEN -ather
DAT
ALL -oin
INS -ain -éin
LOC -oin
PLURAL
NOM -repas -retal
VOC
ACC -relos
GEN -manik
DAT
ALL -walik -uthym
INS -terash -ylach
LOC -walik -uthym

Diminutive Edit

To convey the smallness of a noun, the affix -it- is placed right after the stem, before a possible thematic vowel, and before the case ending.

létel (rock) -> létitel (small rock, pebble)

orno (bird) -> ornito (little bird)

But some words have a stem which ends in -it- and thus are not diminutive.

tyrsitar (mountain) -> tyrsititar (small mountain, hill)

Pronouns Edit

1st person: eghom; emon; emes
SING DUAL PLURAL
NOM eghom emon emi
ACC eme ememâ emilé
GEN emath ememath emis
DAT emat ememat ematum
ALL emak ememak emik
INS emam ememam emim
LOC emaf ememaf emif
2nd person: esu, esy, esi
SING DUAL PLURAL
NOM esu esy esi
VOC esâ esî
ACC esul esyl esil
GEN esuth esyth esith
DAT esut esyt esit
ALL esuk esyk esik
INS esum esym esim
LOC esuf esyf esif
3rd person: eies, eiui, eiar, ejil
SING M F U N
NOM eies eiui eiar ejil
ACC eielé eiuila eiaril
GEN eieth eiuith eiarith ejith
DAT eiet eiuit eiarit ejit
ALL eiek eiuik eiarik ejik
INS eiem eiuim eiarim ejim
LOC eief eiuif eiarif ejif
DUAL
NOM eieies eieiui eieiar eiejil
ACC eieielé eieiuila eieiaril
GEN eieieth eieiuith eieiarith eiejith
DAT eieiet eieiuit eieiarit eiejit
ALL eieiek eieiuik eieiarik eiejik
INS eieiem eieiuim eieiarim eiejim
LOC eieief eieiuif eieiarif eiejif
PLURAL
NOM eiei eiuin eiaron ejinil
ACC eieil eiuinal eiaronol
GEN eieis eiuis eiaronos ejinis
DAT eietum eiuitum eiarotum ejinitum
ALL eieik eiuinak eiaronok ejinik
INS eieim eiuinam eiaronom ejinim
LOC eieif eiuinaf eiaronof ejinif

Adjectives Edit

Unlike with the nouns, there is only 1 declension for the adjectives, a mixed thematic declension.

Positive: fur-e, -u, -a, -i (pure)
SING. M F U N
NOM fure furu fura furi
VOC
ACC furelé furula fural
GEN fureth furuth furath furith
DAT furet furut furat furit
ALL furek furuk furak furik
INS furem furum furam furim
LOC furef furuf furaf furif
DUAL
NOM fefure fufuru fafura fifuri
VOC
ACC fefurelé fufurula fafural
GEN fefureth fufuruth fafurath fifurith
DAT fefuret fufurut fafurat fifurit
ALL fefurek fufuruk fafurak fifurik
INS fefurem fufurum fafuram fifurim
LOC fefuref fufuruf fafuraf fifurif
PLURAL
NOM furei furuin furan furini
VOC
ACC fureil furuinal furanal
GEN fureis furuis furas furis
DAT furetum furuitum furatum furitum
ALL fureik furuinak furanak furinik
INS furem furuinam furanam furinim
LOC furef furuinaf furanaf furinif
Comparative: fur-ir-e, -u, -a, -i (purer)
SING M F U N
NOM furire furiru furira furiri
VOC
ACC furirelé furirula furiral
GEN furireth furiruth furirath furirith
DAT furiret furirut furirat furirit
ALL furirek furiruk furirak furirik
INS furirem furirum furiram furirim
LOC furiref furiruf furiraf furirif
DUAL
NOM fefurire fufuriru fafurira fifuriri
VOC
ACC fefurirelé fufurirula fafuriral
GEN fefurireth fufuriruth fafurirath fifuririth
DAT fefuriret fufurirut fafurirat fifuriritt
ALL fefurirek fufuriruk fafurirak fifuririk
INS fefurirem fufurirum fafuriram fifuririm
LOC fefuriref fufuriruf fafuriraf fifuririf
PLURAL
NOM furirei furiruin furiran furirini
VOC
ACC furireil furiruinal furiranal
GEN furireis furiruis furiras furiris
DAT furiretum furiruitum furiratum furiritum
ALL furireik furiruinak furiranak furirinik
INS furireim furiruinam furiranam furirinim
LOC furireif furiruinaf furiranaf furirinif
Superlative: fur-i-stim-e, -u, -a, -i (purest)
SING M F U N
NOM furistime furistimu furistima furistimi
VOC
ACC furistimelé furistimula furistimal
GEN furistimeth furistimuth furistimath furistimith
DAT furistimet furistimut furistimat furistimit
ALL furistimek furistimuk furistimak furistimik
INS furistimem furistimum furistimam furistimim
LOC furistimef furistimuf furistimaf furistimif
DUAL
NOM fefuristime fufuristimu fafuristima fifuristimi
VOC
ACC fefuristimelé fufuristimula fafuristimal
GEN fefuristimeth fufuristimuth fafuristimath fifuristimith
DAT fefuristimet fufuristimut fafuristimat fifuristimit
ALL fefuristimek fufuristimuk fafuristimak fifuristimik
INS fefuristimem fufuristimum fafuristimam fifuristimim
LOC fefuristimef fufuristimuf fafuristimaf fifuristimif
PLURAL
NOM furistimei furistimun furistiman furistimin
VOC
ACC furistimeilé furistimunal furistimanal
GEN furistimeis furistimus furistimas furistimis
DAT furistimeitum furistimutum furistimatum furistimitum
ALL furistimeik furistimunak furistimanak furistiminik
INS furistimeim furistimunam furistimanam furistiminim
LOC furistimeif furistimunaf furistimanaf furistiminif

Adverbs Edit

Adverbs can come in the positive, comparative, and superlative form, but do not inflect according to anything.

Positive Edit

You take the stem of the adjective and add -(a)t, so:

Stem Movable vowel Suffix Result Meaning
fur- -a- -t furat "purely"; "only"
bâté- Ø bâtét "happily"

Comparative Edit

You take the stem, add -ir-, and then add -at, so:

Stem Signifier Movable vowel Suffix Result Meaning
fur- -ir- -a- -t furirat "more purely"
bâté- bâtéirat "more happily"

Superlative Edit

You take the stem, add -istim-, and then add -at, so:

Stem Signifier Movable vowel Suffix Result Meaning
fur- -istim- -a- -t furistimat "most purely"
bâté- bâtéistimat "most happily"

VerbsEdit

Realis

Tenses

Indicative mood
Simple (perfective) Continual (imperfective) Completed (perfect)
Present Praesens simplex Praesens imperfectum Perfectum
Past Aoristus Imperfectum Plusquamperfectum
Future Futurum simplex Futurum imperfectum Futurum exactum
Irrealis

Tenses

Subjunctive

mood

Potential

mood

Optative

mood

Conditional

mood

Present Praesens

coniunctivus

Praesens

potentialis

Praesens

optativus

Praesens

conditionalis

Past Praeteritum

coniunctivum

Praeteritum

potentiale

Praeteritum

optativum

Praeteritum

conditionale

Future Futurum

coniunctivum

Futurum

potentiale

Futurum

optativum

Futurum

conditionale

Stems Edit

There are 3 types of stems (simple, continual, and perfect), all of whom are formed by the verbal root of the verb. There are 3 types of ways to form these stems:

  • Non-mutative: add a suffix to the verbal root to signify its aspect.
Thematic: linuti (to lead) Athematic: doti (to give)
Verbal root: Simple Continual Perfect
lin- Ø +a +te
do- +s
  • Reduplicative stem: reduplicate the simple-, continual-, and perfect-stem:
Thematic: khikheruti (to run) Athematic: didoti (to take)
Verbal root: Formula (simple) Result
kher-

do-

initial phoneme + i + verbal root khikher-

dido-

Formula (continual)
initial phoneme + a + verbal root khakher-

dado-

Formula (perfect)
initial phoneme + e + verbal root khekher-

dedo-

  • Ablautive stem: the last vowel sound in the verbal root undergoes an ablaut and the same aspect markers as with the non-mutative stems are used:
Original vowel Post-ablaut Example
a ô habar- ~> habôr-
e i kher- ~> khir-
è lèt- ~> lit-
é î bét- ~> bît-
i lin- ~> lîn-
y ryd- ~> rîd-
o û plow- ~> plûw-
u thum- ~> thûm-

A verb can only use 1 one of these ways to form their stems.

Note: verbal roots can be used for different verbs; if their stem formation changes, so does their meaning.

Infinitives Edit

There are 3 main types of infinitives, all of which are formed using the simple-stem and can be active or passive:

Present infinitive:

Thematic: lin-u-ti Athematic: dido-ti
Stem Thematic vowel Suffix
lin- -u- -ti
dido- Ø

Past infinitive

Thematic: elinuti Athematic: edidoti
Past prefix Stem Thematic vowel Suffix
e- -lin- -u- -ti
-dido- Ø -ti

Future infinitive

Thematic: alinuti Athematic: adidoti
Future prefix Stem Thematic vowel Suffix
a- -lin- -u- -ti
-dido- Ø

Participles Edit

Prefix Stem Thematic vowel Part. affix Personal suffixes
Present Ø lin- -u- -nt- thematic substantive endings

m: 1st declension

f: 3rd declension

u: 2nd declension

n: 3rd declension

dido- Ø
Past e(n)- -lin- -u-
-dido- Ø
Future a(n)- -lin- -u-
-dido- Ø

Indicative Edit

There are 3 aspects in the indicative: simple, continual, and perfect. Each aspect uses a different stem, but the same personal endings and tense-signifying augment.

Simple Edit

Here the simple stem is used (obviously).

Thematic: linuti Athematic: didoti
Tense Augment Stem Thematic

vowel

Personal endings
Singular Dual Plural
Present Simple Ø lin-

dido-

-u-

Ø

1st -m

-ma

-mo

-mi

-mé

-my

-mes

-mès

-mis

Aorist e- 2nd -s

-sa

-so

-si

-

-sy

-ses

-sès

-sis

Future simple a- 3rd -t

-ta

-to

-ti

-té

-ty

-tes

-tès

-tis

Continual Edit

Here the continual-stem is used (of course).

Tense Augment Stem Thematic

vowel

Personal endings
Singular Dual Plural
Present continuous Ø lina-

dado-

-u-

Ø

1st -m

-ma

-mo

-mi

-mé

-my

-mes

-mès

-mis

Imperfect e- 2nd -s

-sa

-so

-si

-

-sy

-ses

-sès

-sis

Future continuous a- 3rd -t

-ta

-to

-ti

-té

-ty

-tes

-tès

-tis

Perfect Edit

Naturally, you use the perfect-stem.

Tense Augment Stem Thematic

vowel

Personal endings
Singular Dual Plural
Perfect Ø linte-

dedo-

-u-

Ø

1st -m

-ma

-mo

-mi

-mé

-my

-mes

-mès

-mis

Pluperfect e- 2nd -s

-sa

-so

-si-

-sy

-ses

-sès

-sis

Futurum exactum a- 3rd -t

-ta

-to

-ti

-té

-ty

-tes

-tès

-tis

Legenda: Normal personal endings are active, cursive personal endings are middle voice, and bold personal endings are passive.

Note: The (n) only added when the stem starts with a vowel sound.

Subjunctive Edit

The subjunctive has multiple functions:

Jussive: It is crucial he be locked away.

Propositional: Let's go to the mall!

Modality: He must work!; You may leave.; He could always work for me.; It should be forbidden.

Its function is dependent on the context in which it is used.

The subjunctive is formed using the simple-stem and the subjunctive personal endings.

Tense Augment Stem Thematic

vowel

Personal endings
Singular Dual Plural
Present Ø lin-

dido-

-u-

Ø

1st -n

-na

-no

-ni

-

-ny

-nes

-nès

-nis

Past e- 2nd -p

-pa

-po

-pi

-pé

-py

-pes

-pès

-pis

Future a- 3rd -th

-tha

-tho

-thi

-thé

-thy

-thes

-thès

-this

Legenda: Normal personal endings are active, cursive personal endings are middle voice, and bold personal endings are passive.

Potential Edit

The potential mood indicates very likely possibility that cannot be said with undoubtable certainty.

It could always happen.

Optative Edit

The optative indicates wishes and hopes.

May the force be with you.

Conditional Edit

The conditional mood is used in clauses which indicate a condition.

I'll only help you if you pay me.

Articles Edit

There are definite articles in Elite Vamapaskian, but also negative articles, which show that there are none.

Definite articles Edit

If a noun is indefinite, there will be the noun itself.

SING M F U N
NOM He Hu Ha Hil
VOC E
ACC Thel Thul Thal
GEN Seth Suth Sath Sith
DAT Thet Thut That Thit
ALL Thek Thuk Thak Thik
INS Them Thum Tham Thim
LOC Thef Thuf Thaf Thif
DUAL
NOM Thé Thû Thâ Thî
VOC
ACC
GEN Thén Thûn Thân Thîn
DAT
ALL Thém Thûm Thâm Thim
INS
LOC
PLURAL
NOM Hei Hun Han Hin
VOC Ei
ACC Theil Thuil Thanal
GEN Theis Thuis Thanas This
DAT Theitum Thuitum Thatum Thitum
ALL Theik Thuik Thanak Thinik
INS Theim Thuim Thanam Thinim
LOC Theif Thuif Thanaf Thinif

Negative articles Edit

Negative articles do not exist in the vocative case, since it is not possible to adress something of which there is none.

SING M F U N
NOM Gen Gun Gan Gin
ACC Genel Gunal Ganal
GEN Geneth Gunath Ganath Ginith
DAT Genet Gunat Ganat Ginit
ALL Genek Gunak Ganak Ginik
INS Genem Gunam Ganam Ginim
LOC Genef Gunaf Ganaf Ginif
DUAL
NOM Gegen Gugun Gagan Gigin
ACC Gegenel Gugunal Gaganal
GEN Gegeneth Gugunath Gaganath Giginith
DAT Gegenet Gugunat Gaganat Giginit
ALL Gegenek Gugunak Gaganak Giginik
INS Gegenef Gugunaf Gaganaf Giginif
LOC Gegenem Gugunam Gaganam Giginim
PLURAL
NOM Genei Gunuin Ganan Ginin
ACC Geneil Gunuinal Gananal
GEN Geneith Gunuinath Gananath Gininith
DAT Geneit Gunuinat Gananat Gininit
ALL Geneik Gunuinak Gananak Gininik
INS Geneif Gunuinaf Gananaf Gininif
LOC Geneim Gunuinam Gananam Gininim

SyntaxEdit

Word order Edit

The word order of Elite Vamapaskian is very free, with the most emphasised word in front. But the general rule is subject-object-verb (SOV).

Noun functions Edit

Nominative (NOM): Edit

The nominative either marks the subjuct or the predicative complement when following a copular verb in the main clause.

Vocative (VOC): Edit

The vocative is only used to adress a noun

Accusative (ACC): Edit

The accusative is used to mark the direct object or expresses an adverbial clause of time.

Accusative cum infinitivo Edit

This a construction wherein a subordinate clause follows a verb that expresses a sensation or an experience. The subject of the clause is in the accusative, the main verb is an infinitive.

Accusativus absolutus Edit

This is a construction that expresses an adverbial clause of time. In order to form this construction two main parts are needed:

The subject: which is in the accusative

The verb: which is always a participle

These two parts agree in case, gender, and number. The relative temporal value depends on which infinitive (past, present, or future) is used:

Present infinitive: temporally equal to the main verb

Past infinitive: temporally preterite to the main verb

Future infinitive: temporally postponed to the main verb

Genitive (GEN): Edit

The genitive expresses the source or posessor of something or someone.

Genitivus absolutus Edit

This is a construction that expresses an adverbial clause of reason. In order to form this construction two main parts are needed:

The subject: which is in the genitive

The verb: which is a participle

These two main parts agree in case, gender, and number. The relative temporal value depends on which infinitive (past, present, or future) is used:

Present infinitive: temporally equal to the main verb

Past infinitive: temporally preterite to the main verb

Future infinitive: temporally postponed to the main verb

Dative (DAT): Edit

The dative marks the indirect object.

Dativus absolutus Edit

This is a construction that expresses an adverbial clause of condition or concession. In order to form this construction two main parts are needed:

The subject: which is in the dative

The verb: which is a participle

These two main parts agree in case, gender, and number. The relative temporal value depends on which infinitive (past, present, or future) is used:

Present infinitive: temporally equal to the main verb

Past infinitive: temporally preterite to the main verb

Future infinitive: temporally postponed to the main verb

Allative (ALL): Edit

The allative marks the motion towards something or someone.

Allativus absolutus Edit

This is a construction that expresses an adverbial clause of purpose or result. In order to form this construction two main parts are needed:

The subject: which is in the allative

The verb: which is a participle

These two main parts agree in case, gender, and number. The relative temporal value depends on which infinitive (past, present, or future) is used:

Present infinitive: temporally equal to the main verb

Past infinitive: temporally preterite to the main verb

Future infinitive: temporally postponed to the main verb

Instrumentalis (INS): Edit

The instrumantal case marks the instrument or tool.

Instrumentalis absolutus Edit

This is a construction that expresses an adverbial clause of manner. In order to form this construction two main parts are needed:

The subject: which is in the instrumentalis case

The verb: which is a participle

These two main parts agree in case, gender, and number. The relative temporal value depends on which infinitive (past, present, or future) is used:

Present infinitive: temporally equal to the main verb

Past infinitive: temporally preterite to the main verb

Future infinitive: temporally postponed to the main verb

Locative (LOC): Edit

The locative marks a general sense of location.

Locativus absolutus Edit

This is a construction that expresses an adverbial clause of place. In order to form this construction two main parts are needed:

The subject: which is in the locative

The verb: which is a participle

These two main parts agree in case, gender, and number. The relative temporal value depends on which infinitive (past, present, or future) is used:

Present infinitive: temporally equal to the main verb

Past infinitive: temporally preterite to the main verb

Future infinitive: temporally postponed to the main verb

Allative, Locative, and Genitive Edit

The functions of these cases can be easily explained using this table:

Function Towards Location Distancing
Case Allative Locative Genitive
Example To the house In the house From the house
Prepositions To In, on,

under(neath),

along, near,

by, against

From, of, out of

Agreements Edit

Adjectives agree with the noun they describe in case, gender, and number. If an adjective is used independently, its gender will determine wether it is a man, woman, person, or thing. Adverbs do not agree with adjectives or verbs. Instead they are placed before the adjective/verb they describe.

LexiconEdit

Please visit Elite Vamapaskian's page on Contionary for more information about the words.

A Edit

E Edit

È Edit

É Edit

I Edit

Y Edit

U Edit

O Edit

B Edit

Bande, bandu, banda, bandi: smart; teaching

Bandelionuti: to teach, to educate

Banduti: to know; to understand

P Edit

Plowuti: to pour; to mold, to cast

Plûwuti: to rain

M Edit

V Edit

F Edit

Fure, furu, fura, furi: pure; clean; beautiful

Dh Edit

Dhen: into (a new state of being)

Dhumui, dhumuith: house, building

Th Edit

D Edit

Didoti: to take, receive

Doti: to give

Dûti: to trade, barter

T Edit

S Edit

Z Edit

Zerar, zerarith: element, matter; stuff, object

N Edit

Ts Edit

Dz Edit

L Edit

Lès, lèth: part, section; division

Leti: to divide, to part, to cut up

Linuti: to lead; to overmaster, to demand, to control; to own, to have

Liones, lioneth: master, lord; owner; senator; leader

Lionuti: to lead; to overmaster, to demand, to control; to own, to have (poetic)

R Edit

Sh Edit

Zh Edit

Tsh Edit

Dzh Edit

J Edit

G Edit

K Edit

Kemople, kemoplè, kemopla, kemopli: every; PLURAL: all, entire

Kykhles, kykhleth: ring, circle; cycle; disc, wheel

Gh Edit

Kh/Ch Edit

Kheruti: to walk

Khikheruti: to run

Khiruti: to stroll

H Edit

Habaruti: to have, to hold

Habôruti: to posses, to inhabit

Hals, halis: salt

Hamanar, hamanarith: deity

Hamanes, hamaneth: god

Hamanè, hamanèth: godess

Honodhumui, honodhumuith: palace

Honos, honoth: honor, value, importance

W Edit

Example textEdit

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