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Englisc/Præpositionen

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PrepositionsEdit

Back to Englisc
Prepositions serve to tell what role a noun is doing in a sentence in relation to what the subject is doing: I go in the house, he works with the hammer and so on. In Englisc, this requires memorizing the case a noun takes with certain prepositions.

GenitiveEdit

  • andlang - along, alongside; wiȝ fareþ andlang þes Huses - we travel along the house
  • ȝonseids - on that side of; mein Hus is ȝonseids þer Stræte - my house is on that side of the street
  • þisseids - on this side of;

DativeEdit

  • æfter - after, behind, according to
  • æt - at, by, in, on, upon
  • buten (from be, uten) - outside of; without, free from
  • mid - with
  • of - from, away from, out of; sometimes with ut for emphasize: Kum þu of þem Hus ut! - come out of the house!
  • onmang - among
  • onufen - upon
  • tomiddes - in the midst of

AccusativeEdit

  • toward - toward; genitive: in the direction of, towards
  • wiþ - against, towards, to, opposite; he fihteþ wiþ þie Covenant - he's fighting against the Covenant.

Dative/AccusativeEdit

  • ær - before (temporally)
  • beæftan - behind, after (sequentially, in an order)
  • beforrn - in front of, before (spatially, temporally, in order)
  • beȝonden - beyond, on the other side of
  • behenen - on this side of

behinden - behind, after (spatially)

  • benorðen, besuðen, beeasten, bewesten - to the north/south/east/west of; wiȝ sind benorðen þer Burg - we're north of the city. Ga besuðen þisser Stræte and þu findest þat Markt - go south of this street and you'll find the market
  • berihte - near, beside
  • bufen - over, above
  • buten - outside of
  • in - in, inside
  • innen - inside of
  • niðer - down, from a higher to lower position; ic loke niðer þen Tramet - I look down the page
  • on - on, on top of
  • under - under, underneath
  • up - up
  • These prepositions can often form subordinating conjunctions in combination with -þem: ærþem þu ofgæst, nim þeinen Broðer to Skole - before you leave, take your brother to school;
  1. Capital: A, Æ, B, C, D, Ð, E, F, G, Ȝ, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, Œ, P, Q, R, S, T, Þ, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
  2. Lowercase: a, æ, b, c, d, ð, e, f, g, ȝ, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, œ, p, q, r, s, t, þ, u, v, w, x, y, z

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