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Englisc/Swadesh Liste

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  1. ic: I (Pers.Pron.1.Sg.)
  2. þu: You (2.sg!); plural is ȝiȝ
  3. wiȝ: we (1955: inclusive)
  4. þis: this (declined according to number/gender/case)
  5. þe: that (declined according to number/gender/case)
  6. hwa?, ƕa?: who? (declined according to case: hwas, hwam, hwan)
  7. hwat?, ƕat?: what? (declined according to case: hwas, hwam, hwat)
  8. ne: not (negative particle)
  9. all: all (of a number)
  10. maniȝ: many
  11. aan: one
  12. tweȝn/twa: two (tweȝn for masculine nouns, twa for feminine/neuter)
  13. great: big
  14. lang: long (not 'wide')
  15. small: small
  16. þat Weif: woman
  17. þe Werr: man (adult male human)
  18. þe Mann: person (individual human)
  19. þe Fisc: fish (noun)
  20. þe Fugel: bird
  21. þe Hund: dog
  22. þie Luus: louse (plural: Lyse)
  23. þe Beam: tree (not log)
  24. þat Sæd: seed (noun!)
  25. þat Leaf: leaf (botanics)
  26. þie Wyrt: root (botanics)
  27. þie Rind: bark (of tree)
  28. þie Hyd: skin (1952: person’s)
  29. þat Flæsc: flesh (1952 meat, flesh)
  30. þat Blod: blood
  31. þe Baan: bone
  32. þat Fætt: grease (1952: fat, organic substance); in cooking: þat Smerre
  33. þat Æȝȝ: egg
  34. þe Horn: horn (of bull etc., not 1952)*7
  35. þe Tæȝl: tail
  36. þie Feðer: feather (large, not down)
  37. þat Feax: hair (on head of humans)
  38. þe Hefd: head (anatomic)
  39. þat Eare: ear
  40. þat Eaȝe: eye
  41. þie Nase: nose
  42. þe Muuþ: mouth
  43. þe Toþ: tooth (front, rather than molar); (plural: Tœðe)
  44. þie Tunge: tongue (anatomical)
  45. þie Klawe: claw (not in 1952)*6; fingernail: Fingernæȝl
  46. þe Fot: foot (not leg); (plural: Fœte)
  47. þat Knee: knee (not 1952)*5
  48. þie Hand: hand
  49. þe Buuk: belly (lower part of body, abdomen)
  50. þe Hals: neck (not nape!)
  51. þie Bresten: breasts (female; 1955 still breast)*8
  52. þat Herte: heart
  53. þe Lifer: liver
  54. drinken: drink (verb); (drinkþ, drank, gedrunken)
  55. etten: eat (verb); (ittþ, aat, geetten)
  56. beiten: bite (verb); (beiteþ, baat, gebitten)
  57. seen: see (verb); (siehþ, saah, geseen)
  58. hieren: hear (verb); (hierþ, hierde, gehierd)
  59. witten: know (facts); (waat, wiste, gewitten)
  60. slæpen: sleep (verb); (slæpþ, slepp, geslæpen)
  61. sterfen: die (verb); (stirfþ, starf, is gestorfen)
  62. kwellen: kill (verb); (kwellþ, kwallde, gekwalld)
  63. swimmen: swim (verb); (swimmþ, swamm, is geswummen)
  64. flieȝen: fly (verb); (flieȝþ, flog, is geflogen)
  65. gaan: walk (verb); (gæþ, geng, is gegaan)
  66. kommen: come (verb); (kommþ, kaam, is gekommen)
  67. licgen: lie (on side, recline); (liȝþ, laag, geleȝen)
  68. sitten: sit (verb); (sittþ, saat, is gesetten)
  69. standen: stand (verb); (stændeþ, stod, is gestanden)
  70. gefen: give (verb); (gifþ, gaaf, gegefen)
  71. secgen: say (verb)*1; (sæȝþ, sæȝde, gesæȝd)
  72. þie Sunne: sun; (plural: Sunnen)
  73. þe Mon: moon (not 1952)*2; (plural: Mone)
  74. þe Sterr: star; (plural: Sterren)
  75. þat Water: water (noun)
  76. þe Reȝn: rain (noun, 1952 verb); verb: reȝnen, reȝnde, gereȝnd
  77. þe Staan: stone
  78. þe Sand: sand (opposite to following)
  79. þe Grund: earth (=soil)
  80. þie Wolke: cloud (not fog)
  81. þe Smiek: smoke (noun, of fire)
  82. þat Fyr: fire
  83. þie Æsc(en): ash(es)
  84. birnen: burn (verb intr.!)
  85. þe Pæþ: path (1952 road, trail; not street)
  86. þe Berg: mountain (not hill)
  87. read: red (colour)
  88. grœn: green (colour)
  89. ȝoll: yellow (colour)
  90. hweit (ƕeit): white (colour)
  91. swart: black (colour)
  92. þie Naht: night
  93. haat: hot (adjective; 1952 warm, of weather)
  94. kald: cold (of weather); (kælder, kældest)
  95. full: full *4
  96. niw: new
  97. god: good; (better, betst)
  98. rund: round (not 1952)*3
  99. dryg: dry (substance!)
  100. þe Name: name; (genitive: Namens; plural: Namen)

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