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Englisc/Utsprakung

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Simple Pronunciation ExamplesEdit

  • Ic will mid ȝu in þie Burg gan: ɪtʃ wɪl mɪd juː ɪn θiː bʊɹɡ ɡaːn
  • Þu hafst genog to etten: θuː haːfst ɡenoːx toː et'ten
    • Þu hafst genoge Swœtnesse: θuː haːfst ɡenoːge swøːtnes'se
  • Wit driegeþ þat Cher Konzert: wɪt dɹiːgəθ θat ʃɛʁ kɔn'ʦɛɹt
    • scie drœge feif Stunden þat Konzert: ʃiː dɹøːçə faɪf stʊndən θat kɔn'ʦɛɹt


A, Æ, B, C, D, Ð, E, F, G, Ȝ, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, Œ, P, Q, R, S, T, Þ, U, V, W, X, Y, Z a, æ, b, c, d, ð, e, f, g, ȝ, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, œ, p, q, r, s, t, þ, u, v, w, x, y, z

ConsonantsEdit

Letter context IPA Examples
b [b] Bank
c [tʃ] Cild
d [d] Dur
ð voiced version of þ [ð] Paðe (Pæþ)
f initial, final, before consonants [f] finden, Fnesung, Glof
between vowels [v] Glofe, Lufe
g [g] god, Glof
replacing h in inflections [x] Mearges (from Mearh)
ȝ initial, final, after front vowels [j] Dæȝ, ȝiȝ
after back vowels, written g [x] fragn
after umlauted back vowels, written g [ç] frægne
h initial [h] hu, Hotel
word final after back vowels [x] Wloh
word final after fronted vowel [ç] Wlœh
j only in foreign words
(native words have ȝ)
[j] Jogurt
k [k] Klaþ, Ku
l [l] lang, Lufe
m [m] mein, Magister
n [n] niw, Naht
p [p] Panne
q only in foreign words,
combined with u
[kw] Quest
r [ɹ]
initial [r]
Rod, Broðer
s initial, final
before/after consonant clusters
[s] swimmen, Salt, Kuss
between vowels [z] lesen, Mysen
t [t] Teid
þ initial, final, doubled [θ] Þo, Moþþe, oþ
v in foreign words [v] Vase
w [w] Wein
x [ks] dox
z [ts], [ds] or [dz] when stressed dox
  • The northern dialect devoices b, d, g into p, t, k in unstressed and word-final position
  • R is normally like American 'r' but there is often variation with the alveolar trill at the beginnings of syllables. Sometimes the uvular trill 'r' [ʁ] is found in western and some northern dialects in initial position, with the middle and syllable final 'r' being replaced with [ɐ] as in German.
  • X is always pronounced [ks] except in northwestern dialects, where in voiced or stressed syllables it sounds like [gs] or [gz]
  • Z is pronounced [dz] in northwestern dialects in stressed syllables

VowelsEdit

Letter context IPA Examples
a short [a] Bank, Hamm
long [aː] Name
æ short [æ], [ɛ] Mæsse
long [ɛː], [eː] Gæten, fænde
e short [ɛ] Feld, Henne
long [eː] Bee, kwelen
i short [ɪ] finden
long [iː] Is, Island
o short [ɔ] Godd, Post
long [oː] open, Ofen
œ (short syllable) [œ] ȝœnger
(long open) [øː] grœn, Œl
u short [ʊ] Sunne
long [uː] Lust
y short [ʏ] Synn
long [yː] Hyf
  • Æ is the umlaut of A in words; when umlauting, it is often pronounced distinctly by most speakers of Englisc (bar [baːr] -> bære [bɛːrə]). Some northerners pronounce bære and Bere the same ([beːre])

A, Æ, B, C, D, Ð, E, F, G, Ȝ, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, Œ, P, Q, R, S, T, Þ, U, V, W, X, Y, Z a, æ, b, c, d, ð, e, f, g, ȝ, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, œ, p, q, r, s, t, þ, u, v, w, x, y, z

DiphthongsEdit

ie, ei, au, ou

RunesEdit

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