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Ercue

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Progress 0%
Ercue
/ɛɹkjuː/
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Ercue (/ɛɹkjuː/) is the newest member of the Cailithic branch of languages and is the official language of the Caile Republic (formerly the Empire of Caile and the United Districts). It is formed from a combination of Cailithic and Dithic languages somewhere around MA1500. Over time Ercue slowly became the word's dominant language, and became more and more simplified. It lost a complex case system as well as use of the declarative and dubitative moods.

Ercue was commissioned by the government, so the phonology differs quite a bit from the rest of the Cailithic languages In fact, it differs so much that some scholars do not consider them to be related. 

PhonologyEdit

The phonology is under construction, and may change before the completion of this language.

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal /m/3 /n/ /k/ /g/
Plosive /t/ /d/
Fricative /ɸ/2 /v/ /s/ /z/ /ʃ/ /x/
Approximant /ɹ/ /j/
Trill /r/
Lateral app. /l/1

1May not be used in consonant clusters

2Must be the first letter in a word

3/m/ becomes labialized before /ɐ/

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close /i/
Near-close
Close-mid /e/ /o/
Mid
Open-mid /ʌ/
Near-open /ɐ/
Open

Diphthongs, Digraphs, and TrigraphsEdit

Orthography IPA
ai /ai/
aj /ɔɪɚ/
cs /k͡s/
cc /t͡ʃ/
cu/cue/cju/ /kjuː/
mu/mue/ /mjuː/
ou /oʊ/
oi, oj /ɔɪ/

ur

/ʊɚ/
nje /nje/
er /əɹ/

AlphabetEdit

Alphabet

Aa, 

Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Ii Jj1 Ll Mm
IPA /ɐ/ /k/ /d/

/e/ or

/ɛ/

/ɸ/ /g/

/i/ or /ɪ/

/j/

/l/ /m/
Name /ɐ/ /ke/ /de/ /en/ /eɸe/ /go/ /i/  /jod/ /le/ /me/
Alphabet Nn Oo Rr2 Ss Sh Tt Uu Vv Zz Ch
IPA /n/ /o/ /ɹ/ /s/ /ʃ/ /t/

/u/ or

/ʌ/ or /juː/

/v/ /z/ /x/
Name /ne/ /odɐ/ /eɹe/ /sɛ/ /oʃɛ/

/tɛ/

/ud/ /ve/ /zed/ /xɛl/

2 rr represents /r/

Other RulesEdit

1. E always represents /ɛ/ after /k/ always, and after /m/, /ɸ/, and /d/ when it is the last letter of the word. It also represents /ɛ/ between /ɸ/ and /l/, /n/, and /z/, and immediately following i, provided it is not in a diphthong. Otherwise it repersents /e/

2.  I represents /ɪ/ before /t/, /ɹ/, and /l/ It represents /i/ everywhere else

3.  U represents /ʌ/ following /t/, and when it is the first letter of the word and followed by /m/. It represents /juː/ when it is the first letter of a word and followed by c and in the digraphs cu and mu. Otherwise it reperesents /u/.

PhonotacticsEdit

Syllable structureEdit

The syllable in Ercue is (C)V/D(C), where d is a diphthong.

Stress is placed is on the stressed vowel (´) or the first vowel of a word, provided the first vowel is not the first letter of the word.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Word OrderEdit

Ercue is an SVO language that has SOV sub-clauses. A more detailed word order is listed below. Anything in parenthesis is optional

Main Clause (Independent Clause) Edit

1. (Interrogative pronoun)

2. Subject

3. Adjective

4. (Direct Object Pronoun/Reflexive Pronoun)1

5. (Auxiliary Verb)

6. Verb

7. (Adverb/Indirect object pronoun/Participle)2

8. (Direct Object/Other information)

9. (Adjective/Indirect Object/Other information)3

10.(Adjective/Other information)

Sub-clause (Prepositional Phrase/Subordinate Clause)Edit

1.Preposition/Conjunction

2.(Interrogative pronoun)

3. Subject

4. (Adjective)

5. (Object/Direct Object)

6. (Indirect object/Adjective/Direct Object Pronoun/Reflexive pronoun)4

7. Verb

8. (Indirect Object pronoun/Adjective)

1 If both occur, the reflexive pronoun is listed before the direct object pronoun

2 If more than one occurs, it goes participle, adverb, indirect object pronoun

3 If more than one occurs, it goes adjective, indirect object, other information

4 If more than one occurs, it goes adjective, direct object pronon, indirect object pronoun, reflexive pronoun.

PronounsEdit

Ercue makes no t-v distinction.

Personal Pronouns In Ercue

Singular Plural
1st 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd
Nominative Masculine Me Le Ce Mes Les Ces
Feminine Ma La Cua Mas Las Cuas
Accusative Masculine Mi Lo Ci Mis Los Cis
Feminine Mu Lu Cu Mus Lus Cus
Dative Masculine Eme Ele Ece Emes Eles Eces
Feminine Ema Elas Ecua Emas Elas Ecuas
Genitive Masculine Ame Ale Ace Ames Ales Aces
Feminine Amo Alo Aco Amos Alos Acos
Reflexive Masculine Se De Ed Ses Des Es
Feminine Sa Da Ad Sas Das As
Who? What? Where? Why? When?
¿Jase? ¿Jaso? ¿Jame? ¿Jane? ¿Jega?
How? How long? How many? How much? How do you?
¿Cesá? ¿Cue? ¿Cuen? ¿Cues? ¿Céstier/ce'astir?

VerbsEdit

There are three possible verb endings, -ir, -ier, and -ri. Verbs conjugate for the indicative, subjunctive, declarative, and conditional moods. Ercue has 5 aspects, habitual, imperfect, perfect, progressive, and simple. However, the progressive aspect behaves strangely at times, as some verbs, such as héstier (to do), do not have a progressive aspect. 

The declarative mood can combine with any other mood. The imperative mood is based on the declarative mood. 

In addition, some verbs can conjugate for an object, in addition to the subject.

Indicative moodEdit

-ir verbs (astir, to do)
Me Le Ce Mes Les Ces
Present asti aste astro astie astéas aston
Present Habitual astu astéd astais astun astí astain
Past e'ast i'ast je'ast ve'ast vi'ast jé'ast
Past Imperfect astév astiere asta astáv astieren astan
Future ast ast ast astia astio ast
Future Habitual astín astíc astícc astíne astíce astícce
-ier verbs (mier, to look)
Me Le Ce Mes Les Ces
Present mos mie ma moe mies man
Present Habitual a'm de'm um za'm ze'ma zu'm
Past min ie'm miera a'min ie'ma mieran
Past Imperfect mich mecc méme e'mich e'mecc e'méme
Future  mal male milá i'mal i'male i'milá
Future Habitual ne'mier se'mier vi'mier ane'mier ase'mier avi'm
-ri (zucri, to be attractive)
Me Le Ce Mes Les Ces
Present zucor zucris zuco zucon zucrin zucron
Present Habitual zucra zucrod zucés zucair zucoi zucéi
Past zucar zucire zucar zucáro zucires zucari
Past Imperfect zucél zucru zucura zucén zuzu1 zucur
Future zucíl zucón zucárre zucida zucód zucárred
Future Habitual da'zuc sha'zuc sa'zuc don'zuc sho'zuc san'zuc

1This is an irregularity. Normally it is just the verb stem + u. 

Object ConjugationEdit

Verbs like zucri can conjugate for an object as well. To do this, treat the object pronoun like the subject, then find the conjugation for that pronoun. Add this conjugation before the verb. Example: I am attracted to him.

I am attracted to him --> o zucor /Ci zucor

He is attracted to you --> is zuco/Cu zuco

This can only happen when the object is a pronoun, and not reflexive. When you can conjugate for an object, you must.

Only certain verbs can take object conjugations. These are verbs that involve attraction, verbs that involve speech or looking at something, and verbs that involve movement away from objects. (Some times taught as the SLAM rule)

Example verbs:

delier (to come)

falier (to tell)1

mier (to look)

sudir (to like)

zucri (to be attractive/to be attracted to)

1When conjugating for the object of falier, you are conjugating for the indirect object, not the direct object.

Subjunctive VerbEdit

Below are the endings for the subjunctive verbs. They conjugate for every aspect that the indicative verb conjugates.  -ir and -ier verbs share conjugations in the subjunctive mood.

-ir/-ier (astir, to do)
Me Le Ce Mes Les Ces
Present li ast des ast lix ast li asti des aste lix asti
Present Habitual mid ast fio ast jo ast mis ast fio aste jo asto
Past gi ast se ast ne ast gi asti se astas ne asta
Past Imperfect cics astir mal astir su astir cox astir mil astir sux astir
Future ast ad ast in ast en ast ánu ast is ast énu
Future Habitual da ast am ast el ast da asto am asta el aste
-ri verbs (zucri)
Me Le Ce Mes Les Ces
Present sa zuc zuc e zuc sam zuc áce zuc ed zuc
Present Habitual az zuc fi zuc nes zuc áze zuc
Past gi ast se ast ne ast gi asti se astas ne asta
Past Imperfect cics astir mal astir su astir cox astir mil astir sux astir
Future ast ad ast in ast en ast ánu ast is ast énu
Future Habitual da ast am ast el ast da asto am asta el aste

Subjunctive verbs cannot conjugate for objects like indicative verbs. 

Conditional verbEdit

The conditional verbs do not conjugate for tense. A verb must combine with the perfective aspect to indicate tense. Below are the endings for the conditional mood.

Conditional Verb
Me Le Ce Mes Les Ces
astir (-ir) astira astiru astiri astiran astirús astiric
mier (-ier) mierem mieras mieros mierems mierasa mierocc
zucri (-ri) zucrí zucrié zucriro zucrie zucriás zucrión

Nouns


VocabularyEdit

Number SystemEdit

Ercue uses a base-17 (heptadecimal) number system. 

English Ercue English Ercue
1 us 170 fale
2 des 171 usa
3 mue 172 desex
4 cua 173 mueon
5 cad 174 cuana
6 ses 175 cadena
7 emt 176 sesena
8 oca 177 émit
9 nog 178 ocarina
A (10) a 179 nogas
B1 (11) ámas 1710 ad
C (12) ce 1711 ámase
D (13)  de 1712 ceas
E (14) en 1713 desu
F (15) efe 1714 ends
G (16) go 1715 efes
0 fal 1716 gos

1 B is not a letter, it is only a number in this case. Examples:

English (base-10) English (base-17) Ercue
22  15  cad usa
432 187  us desex oca usa emt fale
4,823 GBC  go desex  ámas usa ce fale
67,234 DBAG de mueon ámas desex a usa go fale
1,264,523 F268B efe cuana des mueon ses desex oca usa ámas fale


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33shortContionary_Wiki
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36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
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42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
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46birdContionary_Wiki
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48louseContionary_Wiki
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50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
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54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
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58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
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67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
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72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
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90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
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122comeContionary_Wiki
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124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
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147sunContionary_Wiki
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152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
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157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
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162skyContionary_Wiki
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164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
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172redContionary_Wiki
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174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
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180warmContionary_Wiki
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182fullContionary_Wiki
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191sharpContionary_Wiki
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196correctContionary_Wiki
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200leftContionary_Wiki
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202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


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