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The alphabet contains 21 letters of the Roman alphabet:
There are 5 monophthong vowels:
Each vowel has a stressed form. This is indicated by a diacritic: á é í ó ú.
Diphthongs can be created with any two different vowels, stressed or unstressed.
If the first vowel of a diphthong is an unstressed i or u and the second vowel is stressed, the first becomes a soft semivowel:
There are 19 consonants:
Every unstressed syllable has the same length and volume. Stressed vowels are emphasized slightly, and lengthened to roughly twice the length of unstressed vowels. Generally, words contain one stressed vowel. If the formation of a word causes it to have more than one stressed vowel, the stress is kept on the last stressed vowel.
Erendai is an analytic language. Nouns have no gender, number, or case, and are thus trivial to learn.
sá - 1st neut
sáe - 1st fem
sái - 1st masc
só - 2nd neut
sé - 3rd neut
séa - 3rd fem
séi - 3rd masc
To change a personal pronoun into a possessive form, add i-. To pluralize a personal pronoun, add -ri.
fí - truth-seeking (yes / no)
fá - interrogative determiner (what)
fái - pro-form (who)
farái - pro-adverb (where)
farói - pro-adverb (when)
falái - pro-adverb (why)
falói - pro-adverb (how)
dé - singular proximity
déri - plural proximity
té - singular distance
téri - plural distance
Descriptive adjectives can be placed before or after any given noun. If a descriptive adjective follows the noun it describes, it gains a suffix. This suffix is flexible, but consists usually of one syllable, and chosen to harmonize with the adjective.
cié anára - blue eyes
anára ciéra - blue eyes
To make an adjective comparative, add the suffix -rén. This replaces the suffix, if present. For superlative, the suffix is -réna. Note that the stress moves to the last stressed syllable.
anára cieréna - bluest eyes
Numbers and PossessionEdit
Number and possession are also considered adjectives. These can also be added before or after a noun. Unlike descriptive adjectives, they remain unchanged.
cié anára iséa - her blue eyes
Adjectival phrases - similes, metaphors, etc. - can also be added before or after a noun. These also remain unchanged.
cié anára iséa sercián - her blue eyes, sapphires
Any noun can be changed to an adjective by adding -i if the word ends in a consonant or -si if the word ends in a vowel.
cié anára iséa serciáni - her blue eyes, like sapphires
Entire phrases can be used as adjectives.
iséa anára uán lái ormenách - her eyes, tired from lack of sleep
The word order can either be Subject Verb Object or Verb Subject Object. Sometimes, there is no object. There can also be more than one object.
fián sá - I see
fián sá - I see the
fián sá - I see