|a priori Ergative|
|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Es-pral ("the language") is the evolution of an ancient language created in order to facilitate the communication in and between vessels which secretly leaved Earth in the late 20th century. I recently found a space station module which crashed in the ocean: every single file (text and voice recordings) and code in its computers is written in this language. According to my linguistic research on Es-pral, many words in the original language seems to have indo-european roots. I came to this conclusion by studying the evolution of the phonology and I hope I'll be able to recreate the ancient language soon. I am working hard in order to share my work on this page. Updates will come regularly.
My first thoughts when I started to understand few words is that Es-pral is a very poetic language. Or at least, people which spoke (speak! hope is not lost) Es-pral used many words reffering to nature. I was surprised to find a very terrestrial vocabulary like "day", "night", "sun", "moon", "up", "down"... and only a few words which would describe technological things like "computers", "telescope"... Why ?
|Plosive||p b||t d||k g|
|Fricative||f v||þ ð||x ħ||h|
|Affricate||s z||ʃ ʒ|
|Flap or tap|
|Lateral app.||ɬ l|
|Close||i y||ȝ u|
p f b v m w
t þ d ð n j
k x g ħ ɣ h
s z ʃ ʒ
ɬ l r
a æ ɛ
e i ə
o œ ɔ
u y ȝ
This is all I could find.
All words are nouns and are composed of a single syllable. ex : ɬev = life.
Verbs are formed by adding a final -a to a noun. ex : ɬeva = to live.
A word in the accusative case ends with -em. ex : eg jæta fruktem = I eat a fruit.
A word in the dative case ends with -ej. ex : eg kiva fruktem edej = I give you a fruit.
A descriptor agrees with the word it qualifies ends with -s. ex : eg jæta pɔnems fruktem = I eat a good fruit.
Descriptors are used to define a word: an adverb will be translated into a verb's descriptor and an adjective will be translated into a noun's descriptor. ex : eg jæta pɬitems fruktem snamas = I eat the little fruit rapidly.
When descriptors are just before the word that they qualify, the agreement is not necessary. ex : eg məs prala eds pons risseem eds vɛnej = eg məas prala edems ponems risseem edejs vɛnej = I speak at length to your friend about your beautiful journey.
Numerous suffixes clarify the meaning of a word :
-ð/þ / : plural
-(e)m : [accusative]
-s/z : [genitive]
-(e)j : [dative]
-a : [verb]
-atɬ : through
-en : in(side)
-ækk : out(side)
-ol : around
-us : beside / with (along with)
-ɛjt : above
-ȝm : below
-ow : on
-ins : in front of / before
-ol : behind / after
-und : to / in the direction of (without reaching it)
-ɔmp : from / origin / departure
-yst : until / to (reaching it)
-ȝf : up
-ax : down
-ih : right / east / starboard
-œv : left / west / larboard
-ok : set / batch / aggregate
iɣk : -colored
apʃ : -shaped
A couple of other suffixes specify the meaning of a word :
mə- : many / much
pɬit- : little / small
nəjtt- : no / not / none
es- : this / the
ti'ins elr jætt'a es'em vinət'atɬ. = They threw it through the window.
es a vɛs'ih, ɔr, es a eg'œv, ɔr, es a tjœr'ih. = It's at starboard, or (that is to say), it is at my left, or (that is to say) it is at east.
pɬanet'þ r'a sol'ol. = planets go (orbit) around the sun
ʃil a eg'ɛjt. = The sky is above me.
alt's stel'ð a ʃil'en. = Every star is in the sky.
snams-stel'ð a stel'ð ʃem eg'ð œg'a ʃe r'a tjœr'und. pɬit-ti's r'a es'ð tjœr'ow'yst. = Shouting stars are stars that we see which go towards earth. Sometimes, they reach the ground.
es a vɛs ʃas eg r'a es-ɬə ti'ins. = It the vessel I came here with.
ʃy ʃils-awg'ð a, eg'ð nəjtt-œg'a stel'ð naten. = When there are clouds, we cannot see stars in the night.