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Es-pral

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Es-pral
es-pral
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
a priori Ergative
Head direction
SVO
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
no
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Es-pral ("the language") is the evolution of an ancient language created in order to facilitate the communication in and between vessels which secretly leaved Earth in the late 20th century. I recently found a space station module which crashed in the ocean: every single file (text and voice recordings) and code in its computers is written in this language. According to my linguistic research on Es-pral, many words in the original language seems to have indo-european roots. I came to this conclusion by studying the evolution of the phonology and I hope I'll be able to recreate the ancient language soon. I am working hard in order to share my work on this page. Updates will come regularly.


My first thoughts when I started to understand few words is that Es-pral is a very poetic language. Or at least, people which spoke (speak! hope is not lost) Es-pral used many words reffering to nature. I was surprised to find a very terrestrial vocabulary like "day", "night", "sun", "moon", "up", "down"... and only a few words which would describe technological things like "computers", "telescope"... Why ?

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ɣ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v þ ð x ħ h
Affricate s z ʃ ʒ
Approximant w j
Trill r
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. ɬ l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i y ȝ u
Near-close
Close-mid e œ o
Mid
Open-mid ə ɔ
Near-open æ
Open a ɛ

AlphabetEdit

p f b v m w

t þ d ð n j

k x g ħ ɣ h

s z ʃ ʒ

ɬ l r

a æ ɛ

e i ə

o œ ɔ

u y ȝ

This is all I could find.

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


All words are nouns and are composed of a single syllable. ex : ɬev = life.

Verbs are formed by adding a final -a to a noun. ex : ɬeva = to live.

A word in the accusative case ends with -em. ex : eg jæta fruktem = I eat a fruit.

A word in the dative case ends with -ej. ex : eg kiva fruktem edej = I give you a fruit.

A descriptor agrees with the word it qualifies ends with -s. ex : eg jæta pɔnems fruktem = I eat a good fruit.

Descriptors are used to define a word: an adverb will be translated into a verb's descriptor and an adjective will be translated into a noun's descriptor. ex : eg jæta pɬitems fruktem snamas = I eat the little fruit rapidly.

When descriptors are just before the word that they qualify, the agreement is not necessary. ex : eg məs prala eds pons risseem eds vɛnej = eg məas prala edems ponems risseem edejs vɛnej = I speak at length to your friend about your beautiful journey.

Numerous suffixes clarify the meaning of a word :

-ð/þ /    : plural

-(e)m : [accusative]

-s/z : [genitive]

-(e)j : [dative]

-a : [verb]

-atɬ : through

-en : in(side)

-ækk : out(side)

-ol : around

-us : beside / with (along with)

-ɛjt : above

-ȝm : below

-ow : on

-ins : in front of / before

-ol : behind / after

-und : to / in the direction of (without reaching it)

-ɔmp : from / origin / departure

-yst : until / to (reaching it)

-ȝf : up

-ax : down

-ih : right / east / starboard

-œv : left / west / larboard


-ok : set / batch / aggregate

iɣk : -colored

apʃ : -shaped


A couple of other suffixes specify the meaning of a word :

mə- : many / much

pɬit- : little / small

nəjtt- : no / not / none

es- : this / the

VocabularyEdit


No. English Pral
1Ieg
2you (singular)ed
3heel
4weegð
5you (plural)edð
6theyelð
7thises
8thatesan
9herees-ɬə
10thereesan-ɬə
11whoʃe
12whatʃe
13whereʃȝ
14whenʃy
15howʃas
16notnəjtt
17allalt
18many
19somemɔɣg
20fewpɬit
21otheran
22oneən
23two
24threetre
25fourkfir
26fivesfe
27bigmə-apʃ
28longmə-apʃ
29widemə-apʃ
30thickmə-apʃ
31heavymə-
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dogkajn
48louse
49snake
50worm
51treearræn
52forestarrænok
53stick
54fruitfrukt
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grassvæg
61rope
62skin
63meat
64bloodɬevlik
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73earœr
74eyeœg
75noseœl
76mouthœm
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eatjæta
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101seeœga
102hearœra
103knowʃuena
104thinkʃu**a
105smellœla
106fearpfœra
107sleep
108liveɬeva
109dieɬevækkema (make life go out of you)
110killɬevækka + -em
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122comera es-ɬəyst
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128givekiva
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132washdvɛʃa
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140sayprala
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sunsol
148moonnɛtsol
149starstel
150waterawg
151rainʃilawg
152river
153lakepɬit-mər
154seamər
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earthtjœr
160cloudʃil-awg
161fog
162skyʃil
163wind
164snowhu
165ice
166smoke
167firefœr
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172redɬevlikiɣk
173greengrœniɣk
174yellowsoliɣk
175whitehuiɣk
176blacknatiɣk
177nightnat
178daydajj
179year
180warmxan
181coldrig
182full
183new
184old
185goodpɔn
186badnəjtt-pɔn
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wetawgs + -
195dry
196correct
197near-us
198far
199right-ih
200left-œv
201at-us / -yst
202in-en
203with-us
204andɔr
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

ti'ins elr jætt'a es'em vinət'atɬ. = They threw it through the window.


es a vɛs'ih, ɔr, es a eg'œv, ɔr, es a tjœr'ih. = It's at starboard, or (that is to say), it is at my left, or (that is to say) it is at east.


pɬanet'þ r'a sol'ol. = planets go (orbit) around the sun


ʃil a eg'ɛjt. = The sky is above me.


alt's stel'ð a ʃil'en. = Every star is in the sky.


snams-stel'ð a stel'ð ʃem eg'ð œg'a ʃe r'a tjœr'und. pɬit-ti's r'a es'ð tjœr'ow'yst. = Shouting stars are stars that we see which go towards earth. Sometimes, they reach the ground.

es a vɛs ʃas eg r'a es-ɬə ti'ins. = It the vessel I came here with.

ʃy ʃils-awg'ð a, eg'ð nəjtt-œg'a stel'ð naten. = When there are clouds, we cannot see stars in the night.

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