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Esbnitt

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Es-bnitt
Eks'bnūt
Type Agglutinative
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Head initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 4%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 17%
Words of 2000
Creator StillAWikiaContributor14

Esbnitt (natively εκς'βνϋτ Eks'bnūt, "this language") is a language spoken natively by about 50000 people on the remote archipelago of Esalit (εκς'ςαλϋτ Eks-salūt, "this group of lands") in the Atlantic Ocean. It is a highly inflected agglutinative language.

Not many texts exist because this language had no native script and adopted the Greek alphabet. The only texts found were messages to other countries.

Classification and DialectsEdit

It is a highly inflected agglutinative language with nominative-accusative alignment and head initial phrases.

There are no dialects.

In formal use, adjectives are declined like standard nouns, but in casual use the adjective are used in their root forms itself. This wiki's translated texts use the declined adjectives.

It has borrowed many roots from Greek (for example, βιβλις "book")

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ k kʰ g
Fricative f v s ʂ h
Affricate d͡ʒ t͡ʃ
Trill r
Lateral app.

VowelsEdit

Front Central Near-back Back
Close i iː u uː
Near-close ʊ
Close-mid e eː o oː
Mid ə
Open ɑ

PhonotacticsEdit

This language's word structure is either:

(C)C(V)C

or

C(V)C(C)

All consonant clusters are permissible except for td, k+kh, pb etc., where both the soft and hard forms exist. Also, no cluster with η+any letter is permissible, but most letters+η is permissible.(exceptions are ψ, κ, θ, η nd all vowels) As is seen in the word structure, no vowel clusters are permissible.



Writing SystemEdit

This language originally was not written; an unknown people speaking Ancient Greek (they were not Greeks: the histories state that "The language was foreign to those people") introduced the Greek script which they officially adopted(with alterations). The full script is given below. Please note that:

  1. "Th" and "dh" are the alveolar plosives
  2. "J" and "c" are post-alveolar affricates
  3. "sh" is the retroflex fricative
  4. "l" is the alveolar lateral approximant
  5. "kh" is the second velar plosive
  6. long vowels are represented with a colon ":" instead of the standard IPA symbol
  7. the near-back near-close vowel and the first back close vowel are interchangeable.
  8. the schwa (mid central) is represented with "a" and the open back with "a:"
  9. Here, diacritics are not always possible to type correctly, but in writing and actual native printing, the diacritics are always positioned right above letters. No capital letters exist but some of these letters are capitals in actual Greek (like 'd')
Letter μ ν π β θ θ´ τ Δ κ ψ Γ φ
Sound m n p b th dh t d k kh g f
Letter Ω ς Ξ η χ χ´ ρ λ Ι Ϊ υ ϋ
Sound v s sh h j c r l i i: u u:
Letter ε έ ο ό α ά
Sound e e: o o: a a:

GrammarEdit

The grammar is highly complicated yet logical.

NounsEdit

Nouns are declined according to:

  1. Gender
  2. Number
  3. Case

The genders are:

  1. Masculine- used for male humans and male animals
  2. Feminine- used for female humans and animals
  3. Neuter/Inanimate- used for inanimate things, plants and animals with unknown gender.

The numbers are singular and plural.

The cases are

  1. Nominative
  2. Accusative
  3. Locative
  4. Genitive
  5. Instrumental
  6. Dative
  7. Ablative

Since all roots (and other words) end with consonants, the suffixes for noun declension are

Masculine Neuter Feminine
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
Nominative α α α
Accusative ας αη ακ αψ απ αβ
Dative ις ιη ικ ιψ ιπ ιβ
Ablative ϊς ϊη ϊκ ϊψ ϊπ ϊβ
Locative υς υη υκ υψ υπ υβ
Genitive ϋς ϋη ϋκ ϋψ ϋπ ϋβ
Instrumental άς άη άκ άψ άπ άβ

VerbsEdit

Verbs are conjugated according to person, tense and number The numbers are as usual. The persons are First person (referring to 'I, me'), Second person (referring to "you") and Third person (referring to "he/she/it"). The tenses are past, present and future, with the prefix ψι for continuous.

Present tense conjugationEdit

Sing. Plur.
1st per ες εη
2nd per ές έη
3rd per ος οη

In past tense, ς gets replaced with Ξ and η with ψ.

In future tense, ς is replaced with ςψ and η with κ (due to ηψ being near-unpronounceable)

SyntaxEdit

As said above in "Classificarion and Dialect", adjectives are declined in formal use. Pronouns are always declined(when they are used, which is uncommon). Numbers from one to four are declined. The number system is similar(but not in any way related) to Roman numerals, except here powers of 2 are used (8, 64, 128, 256, 512 etc.)

Word order is (Subject adjective)-Subject-(Object adjective)-(Object)-Verb.

LexiconEdit

Go to Esbnitt/Lexicon

Example textEdit

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