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Eurish

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Eurish
Yurušattol
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Ergative-Accusative
Head direction
Final
Tonal
Yes
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



Introduction to the Eurish LanguageEdit

Eurish (known as Yurušattol [jur:u:ʃat:tol], or commonly Yuru) is the language that mainly spoken in the country called Eurish Republic or Republic of Euland, a country in Southeast Asia that is located within the South China Sea and sea-bordered with Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and the Philippines (and the land extension also includes western Indonesia, called Eurish Nales along with the British Nales). Since 100 B.C., the native tribes of Austronesian- The Negritos started to settle down at the Eurish mainland Yura. This was followed by the inheritance of the Negritos into several Eurish ethnic branches: Oru, Kanghi, Jevah, Segogon, Maampalu, Bösbek, Nanghi, Gejub and Mjet. The main native speaker of Eurish language - Oru, had established well in their stage along their mother tongue since 4th century during the golden age of the Southeastern Asian civilization. The tribes united into one unified government at the 5th century, forming the Eurish Empire (500 A.C.-1030 A.C.). Because of their strategic location and an ideal place for the trade during the old times, their mother tongue soon became alingua franca to the international foreign traders. In the times, the Indian conquest of the Southeast Asia, including Old Euland, had led itself in a stage of multicultural diversity, the language had been largely influenced by the Hindu culture.

      The establisher of the Eurish Empire, also known as the Yaws, are originated theoradically from the Indochinese plains (Vietnamese highlands), as their tribal name is also called as "Quang Vinh" in Vietnamese, meaning "glory". Their writing system in Eurish language is commonly Yawish script, mainly in Nangigt form, but there are a few other scripts including Bösbek and Kanghigt script. Despite these scripts are lessly used today, the Eurish government is still encouraging its citizens to bring back the scripts' pride in the modern era.

      In the 15th century, during the Age of Discovery, the Clissians (a group of adventurers consist of various European races) had discovered the potential of the land and then established settlements themselves at the Geaple Isles (part of Euland), this had led to the formation of the Principalities of the Geaple Isles (1499-1905), forming the longest reigning European colonization in the Southeast Asia before the other European powers took in. The language of theirs - Cliss was also greatly influencing the Middle Eurish languages that making the language tending to Indo-European genre but less.

Classification of the Eurish LanguageEdit

   Until today, there is no clear statement nor research to indicate that the true origin of the Eurish language because of its unique diversities in the vocabularies and grammatic rules. It can be considered as Austronesian family but also it can be as included in the Sino-Polynesian group. Many of the researchers may consider it as a bare relativity to the European genre because of the large influences by the Clissians, however this is some kind not true because many of the Southeast Asian languages had also influenced by the European languages during the colonisation of the Europeans to the Asia such as Indonesian (Dutch influence), Malay (English influence) and Filipino (Spaniards influence). 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar

Alveolar-Palatal

Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m   ɱ n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p  b t  d k  g q  ɢ ʔ
Fricative s  z ʃ  ʒ ʑ h
Affricate f  v θ  ð ç χ
Approximant ʋ  ɹ j
Trill r ʀ
Lateral app. l

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i ɪ ɨ u
Mid e ɘ o
Open-mid ɔ
Near-open æ
Open a a ä ɑ

Orthography Edit

The sounds are represented orthographically by their symbols as above, except,

  • /ɲ/ is ny
  • /ŋ/ is ng
  • /tʃ/ is č
  • /ʃ/ is sh
  • /j/ is y or j

AlphabetEdit

  • Eurish is written in Latin script, but NanghigtBösbek and Kanghi script can still be used.
  • It consists of 33 alphabets, with 22 consonants and 11 vowels (6 new vowels).
  • The pronunciations given are not relevant to the Eurish name.
Eurish alphabet Eurish name* Pronunciation*

A  aEdit

Alesund /a/

Ä  äEdit

Ängmer /æ/

Ă  ăEdit

Ămav /oɪ/

B  bEdit

Bodi /bæ/

C  cEdit

Caski /sɑ/

Č  čEdit

Čaki /tʃak/

D  dEdit

Deke /dæ/

E  eEdit

Ewar /æ/

Ë  ëEdit

Ëvski /jæ/

F  fEdit

Forogt /fɑ/

G  gEdit

Gïren /gjæ/

H  hEdit

Hiken /hiq:/

I  iEdit

Iwar /i/

Ï  ïEdit

Ïgvah /ɨ/ or stressed, /ɪ/

J  jEdit

Jerengtej /jol/

K  kEdit

Kingra /ke:/

L  lEdit

Leke /lɑ:/

M  mEdit

Mau /ælm/

N  nEdit

Nau /a:lɪn/

O  oEdit

Oter /o/

Ö  öEdit

Öwar /ɘk/

P  pEdit

Pasi /pe:/

R  rEdit

Röngen /ʀæ/

S  sEdit

Sači /sæ/

Š  šEdit

Šaki /ʃak/

T  tEdit

Tjktej /tæ/

U  uEdit

Ung /u/

Ŭ  ŭEdit

Ŭng /ɔk/

V  vEdit

Vaals /vɪq/

W  wEdit

Waalpaden /u:vaɪ/

Y  yEdit

Yodi /jænz/

Z  zEdit

Zodi /zæk/

Ž  žEdit

Žaki /ʒak/

===

===

GrammarEdit

  1. Grammar in Eurish is understandable despite its varieties in its grammatical rules. Most sentences and phrases formed in Eurish applies a numeral of prefixes and affixes (just like Turkish) in order to agree with each word and so on.
  2. Eurish is an agglutinative language, and there are several ways to form definite words by adding suffixes or affixes to the root words to form new words and tenses.
  3. A basic speech of the language consists of structures of words, phrases, clauses, and sentences, where a basic sentence includes nouns, verbs and  adjectives, and grammatical function words (particles). Nouns and verbs may be basic roots, but frequently they are derived from other words by means of prefixes and suffixes.
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

  • Nouns in Eurish inflect with gender, cases, numbers, tenses, persons, moods, voices and aspects.
  • The grammatical gender of nouns, unlike its neighboring Malay ,in Eurish are classified into 5 categories: Masculine, Feminine, Abstract, Neuter and Animate.
  • Unlike any most agglutinative languages, its nouns reflect with gender.
  • As an example:

aber - person (neuter) Edit

ab - person (masculine)

mab- person (feminine)

bjer - person (abstract)

(Note: There is no animate gender in the root word of person)

  • As seen above, the root word of "person" is in 4 forms depend on the subject's gender, as also seen that there is no animate gender in the root word "aber" as it is not considered as an "animated".
  • These are some few examples of the nouns that obey grammatical genders.

Neuter: Masculine: Feminine: Abstract: Animate: English Trans.

insen, ma, mau, ins, -----------,  : human

jönor, janar, joner, jö, -----------,  : ship

sau, landu, bood, adau, tana,  : land, country

aru, ar, yumu, umu, sada,  : priest

bäl, bal, boa, bäu, bä,  : car

vou, vau, vu, vol, volas,  : dog

kjo, kja, kjod (kjot), nyk, nyas,  : cat

kans, kanas, kons, kadda, kaddas,  : wedding couples

dă, dai, do, dă, dă,  : horse

kor, kung, sahï, korom, seter (seder),  : highness

  • Some of the non-living root words such as bäl has animate gender as it is considered a "living" subject to the speakers. In fact, the animated bäl, , refers to the car is moving to certain distance and stating that car moves by itself, despite the car is moved by the driver.

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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