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Europa Lang

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Europa Lang
Type Fmexionel
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations Yes
Genders No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Statistics
Nouns Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Verbs Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Adjectives Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Syntax Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Words of 1500
Creator Eurofrench

Classification and DialectsEdit

"Il europa Lang" ( The European Language) is a languaged based on 8 European languages, created to make the communication between the countries with the strongest will for a United Europe. It is based on Czech, Ducth, English, French, German, Italian, Spanish and Swedish.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p   b t   d k   g
Fricative f   v s   z
Affricate ʃ   ʒ
Approximant j ʁ h
Trill r
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close
Close-mid e o
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open a

PhonotacticsEdit

Writing SystemEdit

Letter Aa Bb Shsh Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll
Sound /a/ /b/ /ʃ/ /d/ /e/ /f/ /g/ /h/ /i/ /ʒ/ /k/ /l/
Letter Mm Nn Oo Pp Rr Rhrh Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Yy
Sound /m/ /n/ /o/ /p/ /r/ /ʁ/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /v/ /w/ /j/
Letter Zz
Sound /z/

-"A" is pronounced as in French, Spanish, Italian,...

-"Sh" is prononced as in "Sheep".

-"E" is pronounced as in Spanish, Italian or the French "é".

-"G" is pronounced as in "goose".

-"I" is pronounced as in "live".

-"J" is pronounced as in French, "je", or the Englishsound "zh".

-"R" is pronounced as in Italian, Czech, ... It's trilled.

-"Rh" is pronounced as in French, German, Swedish,...

-"U" is pronounced as in Spanish, Italian, the French "ou" or the English "oo".


NounsEdit

1.GeneralityEdit

As in German, all the nouns begin with a capital letter. Hurthermore, it doesn't decline in cases.

In europa Lang,the noun is neutral.Two prefixs can be added to specify the gender: "hi" for the masculine and "shi" for the feminine.

E.g: Volf ( wolf ) ==> hiVolf ( male wolf ) or shiVolf ( shewolf ).


A suffix, "-s" can be added to specify the number.

E.g: Volf ( wolf) ==> Volfs ( wolfs ).


2.The articlesEdit

They have the same use that in German and French. They don't decline with genders and number.

Definite article: il.

E.g: Il Volf ( the wolf).

Indefinite article: ayn.

E.g: Ayn Volf ( a wolf).


3.The pronounsEdit

- Personal PronounsEdit

The pronouns have two forms, the first one is used when the pronoun is the subject of the sentence:

Ya (Y')* = I

Tu (T')* = You

Es/ hiEs / shiEs = It / he / she

Ni (N')* = We

Vi (V')* = You

Zey (Z')* = They

  • When these pronouns are placed before a vowel, they can be shorten this way.

E.g: Ya amare ==> Y'amare ( I love ).


The second form is used when the pronoun is the object of the sentence or when it is used with a preposition:

Mi = me

Te = you

Lo / hiLo / shiLo = It / him / her

Nu = us

Vu = you

Zem = them


E.g: Ya amare te / Y'amare te ( I love you). Il Kat mirare lo ( The cat looks at him ).


- Possessive pronounsEdit

They are placed before the noun and they are invariable:

Min = my

Tuo = your

Sayn = its / him / her

Notrh = our

Votrh = your

Zerh = their 


AdjectivesEdit

1.GeneralityEdit

The adjective is a noun placed before an other noun, which it describes.

E.g: ayn blu Tsielo ( a blue sky ) / ayn tsielo Blu ( a sky blue )

when there are two adjectives, or more, they all refer to the noun they describes,

E.g: ayn oscuro blu Tsielo ( a "dark and blue sky" )

but when there is a "-" between the two adjectives, the first one describes the second,

E.g: ayn oscuro-blu Tsielo ( a dark blue sky ).

VerbsEdit

In europa Lang there are five moods and two voices.

1. Impersonal MoodsEdit

-The Infinitve Edit

In the europa Lang the infinitive and the present forms are the same, the radical of the verb + "-are".

E.g: Amare ( to love), Itare ( to eat), Renare ( to run), Larhare ( to laugh).

-Past participleEdit

It is formed with the radical of the verb + "-ed"

E.g: Amed (loved), ited (eaten), rened (run), larhed (laugh).

-GerundEdit

It's fromed with the radical of the verb + "-in"

The gerund is used to indicate the simultaneity of an event that takes place in the context of another fact

E.g: Glimlashare ( to smile) ==> glimlashin

Es walkare glimlashin ( it walks smilling)

but also to express the manner and way, with the preposition "bay"

E.g: Mirare ( to watch) ==> mirin

Ya lernare bay mirin

It can express the progressive aspect of a verbe with the auxiliary "biare" ( from to be)

E.g: Es biare glimlashin ( He is smiling).


2. Personal MoodsEdit

-IndicativeEdit

The indicative mood, or evidential mood, is used for factual statements and positive beliefs.Edit

#PresentEdit

This time express a fact or an action that takes place when we're talking. It can also express a truth.

It has the same form that the infinitive, the radical + "-are".

E.g: Pensare ( think)

Ya pensare... (I think...).

Il Ter revolvare arund il Sun ( The earth revolves around the sun).


#Past Edit

Past IEdit

It's used when what we are talking about, refers to an experience taking place in a well completed unit time.

It is formed with the radical of the verb + "-ade".

E.g: Slishare ( To listen) ==> slishade

Ni slishade myuzik (We listened to music). 


Past IIEdit

It is used to express an action, fact, etc..., that still has consequences or influences at the present time.

It is formed with the auxiliary "Hare" and a past participle.

E.g: Bwarhare ( To drink) ==> hare bwarhed 

Tu hare bwarhed water ( You have drunk water)


VorpaseEdit

The it is used with the past I to express a previous action or fact in the past.

It is formed with the auxilary at the past " Hade " and the past participle.

E.g: Kutare ( to cut ) ==> Hade kuted (had kuted).

Ya hade kuted ( I had cut).

#FutureEdit

Future Edit

The future tense expresses a fact or an action which will take place later, it has not yet taken place by the time we speak. It is formed with the radical and "-ere".

E.g: Kuisinare (to cook) ==> Kuisinere

Zey kuisinere domani ( They will cook tomorrow)


EfterhfuturEdit

It can be used only for expressing a fact or an action that will be completed at that time.

It is fomed with the auxilary "Hare" and the past participle.

E.g: Endare ==> Hare ended

Domani, zey hare ended il labor ( Tomorrow they will have finished the work).


-ConditionalEdit

It is used to express potential actions or fact. 

It is formed with the auxialiary "wuld" before a conjugated verb.

E.g: Burnare ( to burn) ==> wuld burnare

Si ya hare rested, ya wuld hare burned mi ( If i have stayed, i would have bruned myself).


-ImpertariveEdit

It is used to express an order,a wish, an advice,...

It has three different forms, one for "Tu", one for "Ni" and one for "Vi". The pronoun is not written.

#TuEdit

Radicale with "-arye"

E.g: Itare ==> itarye.

Itarye tuo pastas (Eat your pastas !)


#NiEdit

Radical with "-arte"

E.g: Valare (To go) ==> Valarte

Valarte ! (Let's go!)


#ViEdit

Radical with "-arme"

E.g: Esare ==> Esarme

Esarme forza ( Be strong).


AdverbsEdit

They are adjectives with the suffixe "-li" and are placed after the verb most of the time.

E.g: Silens ( silent) ==> Silensli ( silently)

Es walkare silensli ( he walks silently).


PrepositionsEdit

At/To: A

Of: De

From: Van

In: in

Before: Vorh

In front of: Davanti

After: Efterh

Behind: Dietro

By: Per

By: Bay

For: Purh

With (comitative): Pro

With (Instrumentative): Pra

Between: Entre

Untill: Til

Against: Kontrh

Against (versus): Gegen

Under: Underh

On: On

Toward: Verh

Without: Bez

Close to: Vedle

Around: Rhaund

Through: Pres

In face of: Aynerh

Like: Kome

Only: Onli

Every: Evrhi






LexiconEdit

AEdit

Amurh: Love

Amare: To love

BEdit

Blu: Blue

Bwarhare: to drink

ShEdit

DEdit

Domani: Tomorrow

EEdit

Europa: Europe

End: End

Endare: To end/ finish

FEdit

GEdit

Glimlash: smile

Glimlashare: To smile

IEdit

Itare: To eat

LEdit

Labor: Work/ job

Laborare: To work

Lang: Language

Langare: To speak

MEdit

Mira: The sight

Mirare: To watch

Myuzik: Music

OEdit

Oscuro: Darkness

REdit

Ren: run

Renare: To run

SEdit

Slishare: To listen

Sun: Sun

TEdit

Ter: Earth

Tsielo: Sky

VEdit

Volf: Wolf

WEdit

Walk: Walking

Walkare: To walk

Example textEdit

Univer Deklarasion de il Rhayts de il HumanEdit

#Artikel IEdit

Evrhi Human bornhare e restare frhei e egal in Rhayts e Dignidad. Zey esare gifted de Rhezon e Gevisen, e dovare actare ver Aynanderh pra ayn Spirito de Hermandad.

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