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Conlang

Ezu

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Ezu
Ezyun shüfü
Type
Synthetic
Alignment
marked Nominative
Head direction
left
Tonal
Yes
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General InformationEdit

Ezu (natively Ezyun shüfü [ə́zjūn ʃỳfȳ], lit. "language to the Ezu")

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

labial alveolar palatal velar radical
nasal m n ŋ
plosive p p’ t t’ k k’
affricate ts dz tʃ dʒ
fricative f s z ʃ h (ħ)
approximant ʋ j ʁʷ
flap ɺ

VowelsEdit

front central back
high i y ɯ u
mid ə
low ä

PhonotacticsEdit

(C)V(n, f, s, z, ʃ, ħ, ɺ)

  • minimal syllable: ǘ /ý/ "or"
  • maximal syllable: jï̀n /dzɯ̀n/ "the berry"

ToneEdit

There are merely three tonemes: high start, mid start, and low start. They each tend to surface as contour tones from the tone of the current syllable to the tone of the following syllable.

  • ex. íkxǜ /ík’ỳ/ [i˥˩k’y˩] "the symbol"

TransliterationEdit

Letter a c ch e f h i ï j jh
Sound /a/ /ts/ /tʃ/ /ə/ /f/ /h/ /i/ /ɯ/ /dz/ /dʒ/
Letter k kx l m n ŋ p px s sh
Sound /k/ /k’/ /ɺ/ /m/ /n/ /ŋ/ /p/ /p’/ /s/ /ʃ/
Letter t tx u ü v w y z - -
Sound /t/ /t’/ /u/ /y/ /ʋ/ /w/ /j/ /z/ - -

DeclensionEdit

Nouns decline for three numbers (singular, dual, and plural) and five cases (absolutive, nominative, genitive-dative, ablative, and locative).

NominativeEdit

If a noun ends in a low tone, raise it to a high tone. Otherwise, some nouns receive an ending -na and others replace any final vowel with and flip all other tones.

Genitive-DativeEdit

ending -(e)n

AblativeEdit

ending -(e)sh

LocativeEdit

NumberEdit

ConjugationEdit

SyntaxEdit

Word order is Topic-comment, Verb-final, and strictly left-branching.

VocabularyEdit

NumeralsEdit

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