Fandom

Conlang

Fèngë

3,327articles on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share


Progress 0%
Fèngë
Fèngës èmèr
Type
Rather synthetic
Alignment
Accusative
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Dental/Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m (m) n (n)
Plosive p (p)
b (b)
t (t)
d (d)
k (k)
g (g)
ʔ (')
Fricative ɸ (f)
β (v)
s (s)
z (z)
θ (þ)
ʃ (š)
ʒ (ž)
χ (x)
ʁ (ğ)
ɦ (h)
Affricate ts (c) tʃ (č) ɟ͡ʝ (đ)
c͡ç (ŧ)
Approximant j (y)
Trill r: (r)
Lateral app. l (l)

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Short Long Short Long Short Long
Close

i (i)

y (ü)

i: (í)

y: (ű)

u (u) u: (ú)
Mid

e (e)

ø (ö)

e: (é)

ø: (ő)

ə (ë)* o (o) o: (ó)
Open-mid ɛ (è) ɛ: (ȅ) ɔ (ò) ɔ: (ȍ)
Open ä (a) ä: (á) ɒ (à) ɒ: (ȁ)

* Usually [ɘ].

Vowels can be nasalised by putting a ņ after them.

Diphthongs: ai /aɪ/, oi /oɪ/, òi /ɔɪ/, ei /eɪ/, èi /ɛɪ/; au /aʊ/, èu /ɛʊ/, òu /ɔʊ/, iu /iʊ/

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

PronounsEdit

1st person
2nd person
3rd person ë

3rd person pronoun has also 2 human variants: lë and në for male and female respectively.

The declension of pronouns is similar to declension of nouns ending on ë.

NounsEdit

Nouns have 5 main cases, 4 secondary cases and a wide pattern of declension. Secondary cases (inessive, lative, ablative, similative) have identical rules for all declensions.

Ending in a consonant, short final vowelEdit

Singular Plural
Nominative bȅxèt (table) bȅxȅt
Genitive bȅxèt(ë)s bȅxȅt(ë)s
Dative bȅxètum bȅxȅtum
Accusative bȅxèti bȅxȅti
Essive bȅxètaņ bȅxȅtaņ
Inessive bȅxètaņdë bȅxȅtaņdë
Lative bȅxètaņtȅm bȅxȅtaņtȅm
Ablative bȅxètaņlek bȅxȅtaņlek
Similative bȅxètkö bȅxȅtkö

Ending in a short vowelEdit

Singular Plural
Nominative ume (headless man) umé
Genitive umes umés
Dative umem umém
Accusative umer umér
Essive umeņ uméņ

Ending in a long vowelEdit

Those declensions usually don't take a -në nominative ending, but declension remains such.

Sing. Pl.
Nom. èžé-në (all) èžénè
Gen. èžév èžép 
Dat. èžénam èžénum
Acc. èžén èžét
Ess. èžénö èžéne

Ending in ëEdit

Singular Plural
Nom. më (mouse) mëņ
Gen. mës mëņs
Dat. mëm mëņm
Acc. mër mëņr
Ess. mëtèņ mëņtèņ In.

Ending in a consonant, long final vowelEdit

These declensions take -èš in nominative.

Sing. Pl.
Nom. imȅd-èš (word) imȅdër
Gen. imȅdë imȅdér
Dat. imȅdȅ imȅdȅr
Acc. imȅdí imȅdír
Ess. imȅdaņ imȅdőņ

Ending in a consonant, final vowel ëEdit

Sing. Pl.
Nom. ëc (tree) ëcëņ
Gen. ëcë ëceņ
Dat. ëcé ëcéņ
Acc. ëcën ëcër
Ess. ëca ëcaņ

Ending in öEdit

S. P.
N. tö (grass) tèvéš
G. tév tèvéše
D. tèvéšam
A. tén tèvéšom
E. téné tèvéša

Ending in őEdit

S. P.
N. lő (a Fèngë alcoholic beverage) lévè
G. lővèk lék
D. lőnam lém
A. lőbè lé'è
E. lőņ

Irregular nounsEdit

Fèngëkòm (Fèngë man/woman)Edit

Sing. Pl.
Nom.

Fèngëkòm

Fèngëkòmët

All other is like the basic declension.

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives decline as nouns, but can be not declined at all.

AdverbsEdit

Adverbs are made by doubling the final consonant (not indicated in writing) and adding an -öš ending. E.g. èn (soft) [ɛn] becomes ènöš ['ɛ.n:ø̞ʃ]. The -èš adjectives drop the -èš ending.

If an adjective ends in a vowel, a -nè ending is added instead.

Irregularities:

amál [a.'ma:l] (again), adverbs of time, and adverbs like ödöt (once) are put after the verb.

đebèr [ɟ͡ʝe.'bɛr] - đebèröš ['ɟ͡ʝe.bɛ.r:ø̞ʃ] (fast, quick - fast, quickly)

VerbsEdit

Verbs have 3 conjugations, 3 persons, and different mood markers. The infinitive endings are -čë and -të for imperfect and perfect verbs respectively (perfect ending is used more frequently). The sparingly used 3rd class verbs carry same mood markers as imperfect verbs.

Note: the perfect form is always used in colloquial speech.

Imperfect Sing. Pl.
1st p. -ex -eņx
2nd p. -ek -eņk
3rd p. -e -eņ
Perfect Sing. Pl.
1st p. -ëx -ëņx
2nd p. -ëk -ëņk
3rd p. -ëņ
Other Sing. Pl.
1st p. -ëm -ëņm
2nd p. -ës -ëņs
3rd p. -ët -ëņt

Tense markersEdit

Present Past Future
-d- -t- -v-

Mood markersEdit

Verbs have indicative, interrogative, potential, conditional, subjunctive and imperative moods. All of these are expressed by infixes.

Ind. Int. Pot. Cond. Subj. Imp.
Perf. -e- -ö- -è- -ü- -í- -i-
Imp. -ë- -o- -ò- -u- -é- -a-

The subjunctive mood is used to express "if" clauses.

Between two moods (usually any mood with interrogative) a -š- infix is put.

E.g. "will you be able to think?" (think - "műxètë") is "műxèvošòk?"

The verb "to be"Edit

The verb "to be" (èčë, 3c) is irregular and is used sparingly.

Sing. Pl.
1st p. èmxë èmxënè
2nd p. èmkë èmkënè
3rd p. èmlë èmë
Pot. mood Sing. Pl.
1st p. èmxò èmxònè
2nd p. èmkò èmkònè
3rd p. èmlò èmò

Between two moods a standard -š- infix is put.

NumeralsEdit

Numerals come in 2 forms, "indefinite" (if counting or saying the digit or a "foreign" number school mark) and "common" (if saying something like "two cows"). Here is the list of the most commonly used numerals:

English Indef. Common
zero oy eyö
one yat ödö
two ŧet setö
three èrèk tarö
four èŧe artö
five èž ketö
six òt detö
seven dèt tötö
eight göc išö
nine gí /gij/ tasö
ten pès gedö
hundred daš kesö
thousand adèr tadö
million gada gadö
billion mot fatö

VocabularyEdit

Swadesh listEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3heë
4wexëņ
5you (plural)këņ
6theyëņ
7thisèþ
8that
9here
10there
11who
12whatmét
13whereèđél
14whenvélèt
15howđen
16not
17allèžé
18manyšèmè
19someèménèš
20fewím
21otherèņtè
22oneyat
23twoŧét
24threeérèk
25fourèŧe
26fiveèž
27bigđe
28longètèš
29widešèlémèš
30thickétèk
31heavyëŧi
32smallkèŧénèš
33shortčenékeš
34narrowcèr
35thinèšélèš
36womannènà
37man (adult male)đérèš
38man (human being)ènè
39childènèd
40wifeèštè
41husbandèšèr
42motherène
43fatherèt
44animalxèvé
45fishdȅgèš
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


GreetingsEdit

Űvèrèdex! - Hello! (lit. I greet!) (formal)

Űvèrök! - Hello!

Èrűdak se'èņtèm! - Goodbye! (lit. Go in peace!) (formal)

Töpök! - Bye!

Ȍfëtén mő èmlatë ëmën! - May our discussion not be foolish!

Èzék _____ - My name is _____ (formal) Èzés kivë? - What's your name? (lit. What your name will be?) (formal)

Xë _____ - I'm _____

Kë xèvëk? - Who you are? (lit. Who will you be?)

Đen èmètéx? - How are you? (lit. How's your life?)

Common phrasesEdit

Èbèraņ - on the behalf

Ètèskö - for example

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.