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Falayya

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Falayya, Falayan
Falayya
Type Fusional and semi-analytic
Alignment Tripartite
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Masculine, feminine
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator TheseusDeuteros


Falayya (/fəˈlajɑ/, in English also known as Falayan, /fəˈlæjən/; Falayya: [fɑˈlaja]) is an Elven language, ancestral to the Feather Elves, who live on Flindir Island and in settlements on nearby islands and arpichelagos. It is the native language of all Feather Elves (approximately 32 million people) and is also spoken as a (secondary) native or second language of many other Elven tribes; hence it is the most widely spoken Elven language (sometimes called the lingua franca of the Elves). Falayya is decenced from Old Falayya, Flindic and ultimately Proto-Elven, and uses the Flind alphabet (also known as Flindayyan alphabet). The language is known for being very vocalic and for having a complex noun system.

Classification and DialectsEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiced

Voicless

Voiceless Voiced

Voiceless

Voiceless Voiced voiceless voiced voiceless voiceless voiced
unaspirated aspirated unaspirated aspirated
unaspirated aspirated
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t th d dh k kh ɡ q ɢ ʔ
Fricative ɸ (β) f v (θ) s ʂ x xh ɣ (ʁ) ħ (h) ɦ
Approximant β̞ ~ ʋ j
Flap ɾ
Lateral approx. l ʎ ~ l̠ʲ

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i ~ ɨ (ɨ) (ɯ) · u
Close-mid ʲe, e o
Mid (ə)
Open-mid ʲɛ, ɛ ɔ
Open a ɑ

PhonotacticsEdit

Writing SystemEdit

Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

Numbers Edit

Numbers (linguistically speaking, the term 'numeral' is more appropriate) are formed in a rather complicated way in Falayya. Fortunately, however, the numeral system seems more complex than it actually is. the first basic rule is that the numbers are not declined.

Secondly, the numbers zero to five are the most constant. These are to be learnt by heart: larqa, wa, ni'ir, eyya, sua, fu. The numbers six to nine are formed as follows: six equals five plus one, so fu + wa > fuwa; seven equals five plus two, so fu + ni'ir > funi'ir > funir; etc.

Ten is abda in Falayya. From this numeral onwards, the decimal system is used. Whereas many languages, including English, have exceptions for 11 and 12 (not *ten-one and *ten-two but 'eleven' and 'twelve'), Falayya does not. In Falayya, you do not simply add up as in English (31 is thirty-one), French (31 is 'thirty-and-one') or German (31 is 'oneandthirty'), but you use fixed suffixes derived from the numbers one to nine. These suffixes have two forms, one used after words ending in a vowel (usually a), and one used after words ending in a consonant. The suffixes can be found in the table below. Note that [ ] is used to indicate a space.

Number suffix after vowels suffix after consonants
1 -aun -[ ]wa
2 -nir -[ ]nir
3 -eyya (e replaces previous vowel) -eyya
4 -ssa -assa
5 -fu -[ ]fu
6 -uwa (u replaces previous vowel) -uwa
7 -unir (u replaces previous vowel) -unir
8 -uyya (u replaces previous vowel) -[ ]feyya
9 -ussa (u replaces previous vowel) -[ ]fussa

The following table includes numbers zero to twenty-five in Falayya.

Number English Falayya IPA
0 zero larqa
1 one wa
2 two ni'ir
3 three eyya
4 four sua
5 five fu
6 six fuwa
7 seven funir
8 eight feyya
9 nine fussa
10 ten abda
11 eleven abdaun
12 twelve abda nir
13 thirteen abdeyya
14 fourteen abdassa
15 fifteen abdafu
16 sixteen abduwa
17 seventeen abdunir
18 eighteen abduyya
19 nineteen abdussa
20 twenty bhachel
21 twenty-one bhachel wa
22 twenty-two bhachel nir
23 twenty-three bhacheleyya
24 twenty-four bhachelassa
25 twenty-five bhachel fu

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