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Faynese

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PhonologyEdit

OrthographyEdit

Vowels
Name Pronunciation Sound
A a Ah /ʔa:/ /a/
Ä ä Äh /ʔɛ:/ /ɛ/
I i Ih /ʔi:/ /ɪ/ ~ /i:/
O o Oh /ʔo:/ /ɔ/ ~ /o:/
Ö ö Öh /ʔø:/ /œ/ ~ /ø:/
U u Uh /ʔu:/ /ʊ/ ~ /u:/
Ü ü Üh /ʔy:/ /ʏ/ ~ /y:/
Consonants
Sound Pronunciation Name
/b/ /ba:n/ Bahn B b
/d/ /da:n/ Dahn D d
/f/ /ʔɔf/ Of F f
/g/ /ga:n/ Gahn G g
/j/ /ja:n/ Jahn J j
/k/ /ʔɔk/ Ok K k
/l/ /la:n/ Lahn L l
/n/ ~ /ŋ/ (before G/K) /nu:n/ Nuhn N n
/p/ /ʔɔp/ Op P p
/ʃ/ /ʔɔʃ/ Oq Q q
/r/ /ru:n/ Ruhn R r
/s/ /ʔɔs/ Os S s
/t/ /ʔɔt/ Ot T t
/v/ /va:n/ Vahn V v
/z/ /za:n/ Zahn Z z
Diphthongs
Name Pronunciation Sound
AY ay AYn /ʔai̯n/ /ai̯/
AW aw AWn /ʔau̯n/ /au̯/
ÄY äy ÄYn /ʔɛi̯n/ /ɛi̯/
OY oy OYn /ʔɔi̯n/ /ɔi̯/
OW ow OWn /ʔɔu̯n/ /ɔu̯/
ÖY öy ÖYn /ʔœi̯n/ /œi̯/
UY uy UYn /ʔʊi̯n/ /ʊi̯/
ÜY üy ÜYn /ʔʏi̯n/ /ʏi̯/
Affricates
Sound Pronunciation Name
/t͡s/ /t͡sa:/ Cah C c
/t͡ʃ/ /t͡ʃa:/ CHah CH ch
/k͡s/ /k͡sa:/ Xah X x
k͡ʃ /k͡ʃa:/ XHah XH xh
Modifiers / Additional letters
Name Pronunciation Usage
H h ... ... prolongation
Y y ... ... /i̯/ in diphthongs
W w ... ... /u̯/ in diphthongs





















VerbsEdit

The conjugation of verbs is demonstrated using the verb pusano (to be).

Essential verb information
Infinitive Meaning Present participle Past participle Future participle
pusano to be pusa pusow pusäy

As Faynese is an agglutinative language, it uses a lot of suffixes to conjugate verbs. The suffixes are added in the following order:

Verb stem (infinitive without -ano) Tense Mood Voice Person & Number suffix
Tense suffixes
Suffix
Present -a
Past -ow
Future -äy
Mood suffixes
Suffix
-c Indicative
-x Subjunctive
-xh Imperative
Person & Number suffixes
Suffix
-n 1st person singular
-f 2nd person singular
-s 3rd person singular
-t 1st person plural
-k 2nd person plural
-q 3rd person plural
Voice suffixes
Suffix
Active -i
Passive -ay












Even though you always have to use all suffixes on a verb to express its exact meaning, one can also drop some suffixes in some circumstances:

  • One can usually drop the mood and voice suffixes for the combination "indicative + active" because the majority of statements use this combination. Because of this "I am" could be both "pusacin" and "pusan".
  • If a sentence contains two or more verbs that have the same qualities (tense, mood, voice, person & number), the first verbs contains all suffixes while the rest of the verbs drop them all.


In addition to the 3 simple tenses, Faynese also has complex "tenses" that are formed with a conjugated form of "pusano" + a participle. These complex tenses can only appear with a simple tense because they express time differences between actions.

Complex tenses
Construction Usage
pusano + present participle This action happened at the same time as ...
pusano + past participle This action happened before ...
pusano + future participle This action happened after ...

Both past and future can form all three complex tenses, but the present can only form the first complex tense (because "before the present" is the past and "after the present" is the future).

Also note that the complex tenses do not leave their respective tense - meaning that "past of pusano + future participle" happened after a past event but it still happened in the past. Therefore, the overall tense order for Faynese verbs would be:

Past Present Future
- Past - Present - Future -
Past + complex past Past + complex present Past + complex future Present + complex present Future + complex past Future + complex present Future + complex future

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