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Fenhwi/ex

< Fenhwi

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CasesEdit

NominativeEdit

after vowel after consonant

The nominative clitic is used for the subject of the sentence.

example English fenhwi
The man walks. 옫탄악업
The girl eats fish 삭유호食타먹

accusativeEdit

after vowel after consonant

The accusative clitic is used for the direct object of a sentence

example English fenhwi
The man eats fish 옫탄삭유타먹

genitiveEdit

after vowel after consonant
르/리

The genitive clitic is used to show ownership, in the case of someone/something owning something.

example English fenhwi
the man's dog. 옫탄익그
The dog of the man

dativeEdit

after vowel after consonant

The dative is used for the indirect object of a sentence, to whom something is given. It also can be used for a location where something is heading.

example English fenhwi
I gave the gift to the kid. 게이스다
I am going to Korea.

locativeEdit

after vowel after consonant
이사

The locative is used for places where something is, or where something came from.

example English fenhwi
The party is in london 파티는런던이사
I came from the Netherlands to this place 얼란이사애行스다

instrumentalEdit

after vowel after consonant

The instrumental is applied broadly, it's mostly used for something that helps the verb to do what it's doing, but it also is used for a reason or cause. In some cases it is used for a location.

example English fenhwi
I eat the soup with a spoon.
Due to the typhoon buildings were destroyed 다이은破한턷
I swim in the sea. 우비

InformationalsEdit

topicEdit

after vowel after consonant

the topic is used as the topic of a sentence, what is being talked about. This can replace both the subject and direct object of a sentence. But can also be the general topic of a sentence. The topic is more likely to be used instead of the nominative or accusative.

example English fenhwi
About fish, salmon is the best. 삭유사개기一이더
About me, i am a man. 옫탄이더
About him, i kicked him. 기蹴

additiveEdit

after vowel after consonant

The additive is a topic in combination with "also".

example English fenhwi
About me, i am also a student. 이더

andEdit

after vowel after consonant
이나

The "and" is used to link two equal nouns(/phrases) with an equal function.

example English fenhwi
The man and his son ate the meal. 옫탄이나는食타먹이食타먹스다

adjectivesEdit

normalEdit

Positive Negative
나이

Normal adjcetives are used to describe something about the noun it is in front of.

example English fenhwi
The old man tripped. 라오옫턴은踬슬쑤스다。
The not red car was painted green. 나이글치는绿마도호画글와한다。

comperativeEdit

Positive Negative
솨이

Comparative adjectives are used as normal adjectives, they imply something is more .... than the other thing(s).

example English fenhwi
The more random sentences were too random. 는大대随니대아。
The not smaller (equal big/bigger) dog bit. 솨이익그는咬야리스다。

superlativeEdit

Positive Negative
스싱

The superlative are also used to describe nouns, they are used in the case something is the most .... .

example English fenhwi
This is the creepiest person in the village. 리는村마츨이다。
On a cloudy day the sky is not at it(s) bluest. 니日대空스라아오스싱다。

inclusiveEdit

Positive Negative
마이

Inclusive adjectives also describe nouns, they imply that there are other possibilities (most often translated with 'also, ,'). in the negative form, they imply that everything else still is possible, but not what was used to describe them.

example English fenhwi
The also yellow (could conatin other colors) painting is beautiful. 은美아름니다
My cat sat on the all but dusty rug. 리猫내고멀지마이이사坐다。

verbparticlesEdit

interrogativeEdit

hanja hangul
吗? 마?

The first interrogative is used to indicate that the sentence is a question.

English fenhwi
are you going? (vs you are going.) 吗?

interrogative 2Edit

hanja hangul

The second interrogative is used to ask the listener for some kind of confirmation, it acts like a tag question in English.

English fenhwi
you like cats, don't you? 내고기好숰코니다

interrogative 3Edit

hanja hangul
不! 블!

The third interrogative is used to show you're amazed or shocked.

English fenhwi

clairificationEdit

hanja hangul
료/요!

The clairification is used to indicate the speaker assumes the listener does not have this information, or to emphasize the information is new.

English fenhwi
it's morning(, you know). 아섬이다료!

perfectiveEdit

hanja hangul
了태 잇태

The perfective is used for an action that's already done.

English fenhwi

iterativeEdit

hanja hangul
double the regular verb ending

The iterative is used if an action occurs(/occurred) often.

English fenhwi
i kept reading this book 오読스다스다

terminativeEdit

hanja hangul
了타이 잇타이

The terminative is used for an action that stopped.

English fenhwi

secondairy negativeEdit

hanja hangul
나이

The secondairy negative is used to either make the sentence negative (if not done with the verb ending) or to empower the negativeness of a verb, double negatives are more negative ( so, unlike English they don't undo each other)

English fenhwi

volitionalEdit

hanja hangul
让 + copula 후 + copula

bla

English fenhwi
will be going to the store. 店애行다。

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