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Fenrir's sprake

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Fenrir's language
'
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal
Plosive
Fricative
Affricate
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

AlphabetEdit

A, E, I, O, U

M

N
P B
D T
K L
S Sj
H W

Phonotactics

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No Yes
Numbers Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes
Participles Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Adverb No No Yes No Yes No No Yes
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Article Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Particle Yes No Yes No Yes No No No

GenderEdit

CasesEdit

Case Use Example Affix
Location
1.Adessive Adjacent location Near/at/by the house.
2.Apudessive Location next to something Next to the house.
3.Inessive Inside something Inside the house.
4.Intrative Between somethin Between the houses.
5.Pertingent In contact with something Touching the house.
6.Subessive Under/below somethin Under the house.
7.Superessive On the surface On top of the house.
Motion from
8.Ablative Movement away from something Away from the house.
9.Delative Movement from the surface From the top of the house
10.Elative Out of something Out of the house.
11.Initiative Starting point of an action Beginning from the house.
Motion to
12.Allative Movement to something To the house.
13.Illative Movement into something Into the house.
14.Sublative Movement onto or below something

Onto the hous. Under the house.

15.Terminative Marking the ending point of an action. As far as the house.
Motion via
16.Perlative Movement through/along Through/along the house
17.Prolative Movement using a certain way or surface By post, by car.
Morphosyntatic alignment
18.Absolutive Patient; involuntary experiencer He pushed the door and it opened; he slipped
19.Instrumental Instrument; answers: With which thing? With a knife.
20.Nominative Agent; voluntary experiencer He pushed the door and it opened; she paused
21.Pegative Agent in a clause with a dative argument He gave the book to him
Relation
22.Aversive Avoiding or fear Avoiding the house.
23.Attractive Being attracted, liking Being attracted to the house.
24.Benefactive For, for the benefit of, intended for For the house.
25.Causal  Because, because of Because of the house.
26.Comitative In company of something With the house.
27.Dative Shows direction or recipient For/to the house.
28.Distributive Distribution by piece Per house.
29.Genetive Shows relationship; possession Of the house. -rim
30.Privative Lacking something Without a house.
Semantics
31.Partitive Used for amounts Three of the houses.
32.Vocative Used for addressing someone with our without preposition Hey father! Father!
State
33.Adverbial Being as something He works as a teacher; She speaks English.
34.Comparative Similar to something Similar to the house.
35.Equative Comparison with something Like the house; house-like
36.Essive Temporary state of being As the caterpillar
37.Exessive Marking a transition from a condition From being a house... (i.e. it stops being a house)
38.Identical  showing that something is identical Being the house.
39.Orientative Oriented towards something Turned towards the house.
40.Revertive  Backwards to something Against the house.
41.Translative  Change of a condition into another Turning into a house.


ArticlesEdit

There are three types of articles: Definite and Indefinite articles. Articles conjugate according to gender, case, definiteness (definite, indefinite) and number(single, dual and plural).


Definite Animate Definite Inanimate Indefinite Animate Indefinite Inanimate
1.Adessive
2.Apudessive
3.Inessive
4.Intrative
5.Pertingent
6.Subessive
7.Superessive
8.Ablative
9.Delative
10.Elative
11.Initiative
12.Allative
13.Illative
14.Sublative
15.Terminative
16.Perlative
17.Prolative
18.Absolutive
19.Instrumental
20.Nominative
21.Pegative
22.Aversive
23.Attractive
24.Benefactive
25.Causal
26.Comitative
27.Dative
28.Distributive
29.Genetive
30.Privative
31.Partitive
32.Vocative
33.Adverbial
34.Comparatative
35.Equative
36.Essive
37.Exessive
38.Identical
39.Orientative
40.Revertive
41.Translative

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

A verb is conjugated using a stem of 3 consonants.

AntonymEdit

Each verb has an antonym form which is made by adding "ri" in front of the verb. An antonym form of a verb for example could be To Drown for To Swim or To Look in front of you and To look behind.

NegativeEdit

To make a verb negative you simply add "a" in front of it.


PersonEdit

Person Prefix
I Ma-
You (singular) Me-
He La-
She Le-
It Li-
We (inclusive) Na-
We (exclusive) Wa-
You (dual, plural) Ne-
You (formal, singular, dual and plural) Ni-
They Lo-

Number and genderEdit

Number Animate Inanimate
Singular 'a 'a
Dual 'e 'o
Plural 'i 'u

TenseEdit

Tense Infix
Future
Hodiernal future (Today) e'e
Crastinal future (Tomorrow) e'a
Close future (Within half a year) e'o
Remote future (After half a year) e'i
Unknown future e'u
Present
Present o
Past
Hodiernal past (Today) i'i
Hesternal past (Yesterday) i'a
Recent past (Up to half a year ago) i'o
Historical past (Was part of an event in the past) i'e
Ancestral past (legends, folklore etc.) i'u

MoodEdit

Mood Meaning
1.Indicative For factual statements. a
2.Generic For generalizing about things. o'a
3.Energetic For something the speaker strongly believes in, or wishes to emphasize. i'i
4.Subjunctive Used to discuss unlikely or hypothetical events, expressing opinions or emotions, or polite requests. o'o
5.Conditional Used for speaking of events whose realization depend on another condition. o
6.Optative For expressing wishes, hopes, or commands. u'a
7.Jussive For expressing plea, insistence, self-encouragement, wish, desire, intent,command(1st person) or consequence u'e
8.Potential If something is likely to happen. i'o
9.Imperative Used to give a direct commands, prohibitions and requests without any further argument. e
10.Desiderative Is used for expressing wishes and desires. e'a
11.Dubitative Expresses doubt or uncertainty. u'u
12.Precative Is used for expressing requests. e'e
13.Inferential Used to report an unwitnessed event. a'a
14.Interrogative For asking questions. a'o

AspectEdit

1.Perfective Used for viewing the described event as a completed whole instead of an evolving event. o'an
2.Momentane For a short-lived and sudden occurrence. a'a
3.Perfect Brings attention to the consequences of a situation in the past. one'a
4.Prospective Brings anticipation of a future situation in attention. ula
5.Imperfective
6.Continuous Ongoing, either evolving or unevolving. i
7.Progressive Ongoing and evolving. ila
8.Stative Ongoing events that don't evolve. ili
9.Habitual Expresses something that is a habit. oni
10.Gnomic/Generic Used for expressing generic truths o'i
(11.Episodic)
12.Continuative To express that something is still going on, it hasn't stopped yet. i'i
13.Inceptive(dynamic action) Expresses the start of a new dynamic action. e'a
14.Inchoative(new state) Expresses the start of a new state. e'e
15.Terminative Expresses that something has stopped. o
16.Defective Indicates that something almost happened. a
17.Pausative To indicate that the action is paused for a while. ala'e
18.Resumptive To indicate that the action which was paused before is being resumed. ala'i
19.Punctual
20.Durative To indicate that something takes a certain amount of time. ele
21.Delimitative To indicate that something takes a specific amount of time. ela
22.Protractive To express that something is ongoing and is consuming a lot of time. i'a
23.Iterative Used to express repetition. u'u
24.Frequentative To indicate a continuously repeated action. u
25.Experiential
26.Intentional

Intended or planned; done deliberately or voluntary.

e
27.Accidental If something happens accidentally. o'e
28.Intensive Used to express that something is done intensively. u'a
29.Moderative Used to express that something is done moderately. u'e
30.Attenuative To express that something is done attenuately. u'o

ParticlesEdit

AffixesEdit

Person who does the noun habitually

Am-/Ama-

Fish -> Fisherman

==Vocabulary

==

English
Beech tree Anak
Bird Ana
Fish Nebu
Fisherman Amanebu
Grass Telu
Interpreter Amatalar
Language Talar
No Baku
Yes Baya

Example textEdit

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