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Aranchese
Arančilt
Type A priori
Alignment
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator ShiningOrange

Aranchese (in Aranchese "Arančilt" ) is a language spoken in Aranchea (Arančək) by about 8,000,000 people.

It is a Western Laveshian language.

Classification and Dialects Edit

Northern Dialects Edit

  • Kayrunean Aranchese (Kayru)
  • Suzyan Aranchese (Suzyə)
  • Coastal Aranchese
  • Mêrisian Aranchese (Mêris)

Southern Dialects Edit

  • Mutsian Aranchese (Mücyə/Mütsia)
  • Nassaryan Aranchese (Nəssar)

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʒ ʃ ɣ x
Affricate t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ
Approximant j w
Trill r
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l ʎ
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High a u
Near-high
High-mid ɛ ɔ
Mid ə
Low-mid e ø o
Near-low
Low i y

PhonotacticsEdit

Writing SystemEdit

Letter a - ə b c č d e ê f g h
Sound a - ə b t͡s t͡ʃ ɛ f g h/-
Letter i ĭ j k l ł m n ň o ô ö
Sound i j: ʒ k l ʎ m n ɲ o ɔ ø
Letter p r s š ś t u ü v x y z
Sound p r s ʃ z t u y v x j d͡z
Letter ð þ
Sound ð θ

GrammarEdit

Pronouns Edit

I You (singular) He/She/It We You (plural) They One (impersonal)
Nom. þə êr ô
Gen. þən vən ên jən hən nean ôn
Acc. þin vön ênn jin hin nin ôni
Dat þata vöta êrta jata hata nata ôta
Caus. þəlen völen êlen jəlen həlen nəlen ôlen
Abl. þinni vinni ênni jinni hinni nimmi ônni
Lat. þanna vanna ênnan janna hanna namma ônnan
Ins. þinti vinti ênti jinti hinti ninti ônti
Loc. þin vin êni jin hin nin ôni

NounsEdit

There are 9 cases: Nominative, Genitive, Accusative, Dative, Causative, Ablative, Lative, Locative-Prepositional and Instrumental.

  • nouns that end in -k can turn into g when a vowel is added in declension, however this is not mandatory in written language, although it is in spoken one.
  • If the suffix starts with s and the root ends with t they merge and become c
  • šeuvet (eagle) > šeuveci (the eagles)
  • Arančək > Arančəge (Aranchea's)

There are three/four declension patterns:

Concrete objects Edit

Case Singular form Plural form
Nominative - -(*)r
Nominative definite -(y)ia -(s)i
Genitive -(t)e -(t)el
Accusative -(e)s -(e)s*r
Accusative definite -(e)sin -(e)sinir
Dative -(t)ən -(t)əl
Causative -(*)lən -(*)lək
Ablative -(t)ena -(t)enar
Lative -(t)anen

dative is often used too

-(t)alel
Loc.-prep. -(y)uda -(y)udar
Instrumental þöd(ə)- þöd(ə)- -(*)r

Living beings and food, adjectives (if necessary) Edit

Case Singular form Plural form
Nominative - -(*)s
Nominative definite -(y)ai -(s)ti
Genitive -(*)del -(*)dei
Accusative -(h)a -(h)an
Accusative definite -(n)eas -(n)ei
Dative -(t)an -(t)als
Causative -(*)lan -(*)laks
Ablative -(t)ena -(t)enas
Lative -(t)anen

dative is often used too

-(t)ales
Loc.-prep. -(y)utas -(y)udas
Instrumental mi(k)- -(*)de mi(k)- -(*)dei

Concepts, places, materials, abstract things, deities Edit

Case Singular form Plural form
Nominative - -i

(replace vowel if final or add)

Nominative definite -(n)ui -(n)uis
Genitive -(t)e -(t)el
Accusative -(*)t -it
Accusative definite -(e)sit -(e)sinit
Dative -(t)an -(t)ab
Causative -(*)lan -(*)lab
Ablative -(t)ena -(t)enar
Lative -(t)alt -(t)als
Loc.-prep. -(y)uda -(y)udas
Instrumental -(a)mit -(a)mitar

Loanwords, substantivated nouns Edit

Case Singular form Plural form
Nominative - -(*)s
Nominative definite da(t)- da(t)- -(e)r
Genitive -(u)s (u)ses
Accusative - -(*)s
Accusative definite di(t)- di(t)- -(e)r
Dative -(t)on -(t)ons
Causative -(*)lan -(*)lans
Ablative dut -(u)s dut -(u)ses
Lative dut -(t)on dut -(t)ons
Loc.-prep. dut - dui -(*)s
Instrumental -(a)kon -(a)kons

[*] = vowel harmony, depends on last or first vowel of the word.

If can also be replaced with Causative + ka postpositioned sometimes.

VerbsEdit

Verbs tend to conjugate according to both subject and object.

Verb "to be" Edit

To make the verb to be with a noun or an adjective you can add the suffix -(n)*l followed by the verb suffix, where * is the last vowel of the word root.

Example: həundulə= I am a dog, wahəundulestakur = I wouldn't want to be a dog

to make it "to become" use the suffix -(d)inêkel(ə)

Həundinêkelə = I become a dog, I am becoming a dog

I have made you become a dog = Þəlen həundinêkelafo

REFLEXIVE Edit

REFLEXIVE Edit
Tense þə êr nə/ô
Present -əs/es -as -ins -eśis -avis -iśas
Persistive -estas -astas -istas -esteis -əstes -istes
Near past -efas -afos -ifas -esefis -əvefs -isefes
Remote past -enefas -anafes -enifas -enesefis -inəvefas -inisefs
Near future -elas -alos -is -esels -əvels -isels
Far future -eles -ales -enilas -enesels -inəvels -inisels
with 2nd person object Edit

add (d)uk to all no-object endings

Indicative Mood Edit

with no object

Tense þə êr nə/ô
Present -ə/e -a -in -eś -əv -iś
Persistive -est -ast -ist -este -əste -iste
Near past -ef -afo -if -esef -əvef -isef
Remote past -enef -anafe -enif -enesef -inəvef -inisef
Near future -el -alo -il -esel -əvel -isel
Far future -ele -ale -enil -enesel -inəvel -inisel

Conditional Mood Edit

Same as indicative with 'wə-' or 'wa(h)-' prefix before the verb root. There is no real rule on which one to use, usually people just use the one that sounds better in a said context.

Infinitive Edit

-na

Imperative Mood Edit

2nd person singular: verb root+unt (umas with defined 3 object, umuk 2)

2nd person plural: verb root+untir (umras, umruk)

Other persons present form + (n)unt (they should **** = conditional+imperative)

Inferential Mood Edit

Same as indicative with 'aśa(v)-' prefix. Used to report unsure information.

Participle Edit

Participle is made with -(k)ap

Passive Edit

To make the verb passive add the suffix -(t)inde (before the negative suffix)

Passive-negative is -(t)indekur

Specifying progressive action Edit

Progressive aspect can be shown using "ardast".

Maňes ardast, irum lüdən!!! = I am eating, go away!!!

Negative Edit

To make the verb negative add -(a)kur

Adjectives Edit

Adjectives are usually formed by noun root plus '-(a)c̆ə' suffix.

The prefix pl(i)- makes it become more (adjective)

pluðəc̆ə = faster

The prefix kurpl(i)- makes it become less (adjective)

kurpluðəc̆ə = less faster

han = comparation proposition

Həundur pluðəc̆eneliste han gulur.

Adverbs Edit

Adverbs are usually formed by noun root plus '-(a)vlə' prefix.

SyntaxEdit

Word order is mainly SVO.

Questions are made with "ka" at the end.

INFINITE = U(N) before

VocabularyEdit


No. English Feyðlit
1Iþə
2you (singular)
3heêr
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7thiskuś
8thatked
9herečui
10therečei
11whośin
12whatśon
13whereśen
14whenśep
15howśenlə
16notvên
17allaht
18manyðôl
19somesim
20fewpôki
21othernełeda
22oneinś
23twośvo
24threeðai
25fourþü
26fivewən
27biggrôs
28longlôn
29widelöun
30thickśôðok
31heavypšant
32smallmikər
33shortze
34narrowzeb
35thinzek
36womanduňam
37man (adult male)nam
38man (human being)udnam
39childpeunam
40wifeverduňam
41husbandvernam
42mothergrôsduňam
43fathergrôsnam
44animalbêstiê
45fishgləbaglajelo
46birdþôdo
47doghəund
48louse
49snakefiði
50worm
51treearber
52forestvarkarberne
53stickstêk
54fruitmeive
55seedłuna
56leaffoła
57rootjənnüs
58barkböröti
59flowerleör
60grassönbi
61ropekuśu
62skinþałe
63meatkress
64bloodötə
65boneöset
66fatgrêś
67eggöf
68hornpunt
69tailkôd
70featherplömə
71hairbubuňö
72headintə
73earərək
74eyeojə
75nosenêč
76mouthbuj
77toothdiyyant
78tongueenbujke
79fingernail
80footpüš
81leggerpüš
82kneegênk
83handharin
84wingača
85bellypanč
86guts
87neckfokui
88backsken
89breastčeyyat
90heartkoyyôr
91liverfəgəti
92drinkglôjə
93eatmaňə
94bitehêvə
95suckśüšə
96spit
97vomitvômə
98blowśaffə
99breatheupaśəfə
100laughlidə
101see
102hearêndərə
103knowśêperə
104thinkpêśə
105smell
106fear
107sleepdremə
108livevisə
109diefulvisə
110killdebebnievnə
111fightklêngə
112huntkacə
113hitklapêdə
114cuttałarə
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120flyfləvə
121walk
122comegnəgə
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129holdtônguliə
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pullkrôlə
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140saybəsə
141singkanbəsə
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sunśal
148moon
149starbrelo
150waterakvo
151rain
152river
153lake
154seadolakvo
155saltsulto
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earthmondə
160cloud
161fog
162skysêlo
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smokefömje
167firefokto
168ashdefokto
169burnfokt
170roadvind
171mountainjaðu
172redśenn
173greenarbe
174yellowviala
175whitesprame
176blackdvedə
177nightfulglurə
178dayglurə
179yearaln
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184oldagöl
185goodkan
186badful
187rottenfulkan
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199rightnajjada
200leftkômča
201atpôd
202inpôn
203withkôs
204and
205ifdeta
206becausedekalə
207namečedet


Example textEdit

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Aht udnamas niskatiste eleter də ijosačə diňatiyuda də þikyoyudas. Nə aśinšapaliste kôs kandasat də konsenšyat də mastiste ayuna inśi nełedatals bratarnete almamit.

Spoken sample Edit

The following is a reading of the above text.

[1]