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Fiorentu-Riograndais

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Fiorentu-Riograndais
Gabrzyścina jezyków
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Head Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
none
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Fiorentu-Riograndais(also known by its native name: Gabrzyścina jezyków) is a South Slavic language strongly influenced by Serbo-Croatian and Polish. It is not a language, but a group of 3 languages closely related(Fiorentese, Riograndais and Gabrienese). Fiorentu-Riograndais has a complex morphology, like that of Slavic languages, but the flexional system has been simplified a lot, and now it contains two numbers, seven cases and no genders. Nouns and adjectives are declined the same and numbers follow them.


Phonology Edit

Morphology Edit

The morphology of the Fiorentu-Riograndais is largely inflecting. It has 2 numbers(singular and plural), no genders and 7 cases.

Nominal and adjectival declension Edit

The nominal and adjectival declension contains nouns, adjectives and numbers and they're declined similarly.

Declensional patterns Edit

Singular Plural
N any -iej/-y
G -ów/-ego -em
D -i/-ę -owy
A -u -uje
V -e -oj
I -ami
L -i -ach

In the genitive case, some nouns have their genitive in -ów and other have in -ego. The dative and locative cases are no longer distinguished in singular and have merged, they're just distinct on the plural.

Case usage Edit

English name Native name Usage Example
nominative miąnówik subject Anna ii dobrą
genitive genitiwna belonging, used in negative sentences

using the linking verb byt and after certain prepositions

Jeśtę w Annów domę
dative datiwna indirect object and Datiłę knihu Annę
Accusative akuzatiwna direct object Kupiłę knihu,Widzię tęczu
Vocative wokatiwna addressing someone Hej, Anno!
Instrumental Instrumentałna instrument of an action, acting with something or someone,

object of the verb byt in affirmative statements

Jeśtę z Anną
Locative Lokatiżna location and after certain preposition Jeśtę w domę

Soft and hard consonants Edit

Hard & soft consonants
Hard m b p w f n d t z s l r g/gi k/ki h/hi ch/chi
Soft mi bi pi wi fi ń/ni dź/dzi ć/ci ź/zi ś/si ł rz dz c ch sz cz j

In declension, the following hard consonants: n d t z s l r and g/gi may change to their soft counterparts in the Dative and Locative singular and Nominative and Genitive plural.

Numbers Edit

The numbers are declined like nouns and adjectives, but 1 and 3 are declined irregularly. Numbers above 5 are not declined. The numbers require the noun in a determined case:

  • 0 and 1 require the Accusative singular

Mę jednu knihu I have one book

  • 2 to 4 require the Genitive singular

Mę dwu knihów I have two books

  • 5 and above require the Instrumental plural or the Genitive plural

Mę piec knihą I have five books

See bellow the declension for numbers up to 5:

Jedno Dwe Trzy Czetrzy Piec
N Jedno Dwe Trzy Czetrzy Piec
G Jednów Dwego Trzego Czetrów Piecem
D Jedni Dwi Trzi Czetrzi Pieci
A Jednu Dwu Trzu Czetrzu Piecu
V Jedne Dwe Trze Czetrze Piece
I Jedną Dwą Trzą Ćetrzą Piecą
L Jedni Dwi Trzi Ćetrzi Pieci

See more Edit

Fiorentese-English dictionary

Basic Fiorentu-Riograndais phrases

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