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| Framlish |
|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Framlish is an artificial language, created as part of FJ's Lab. It was the first language in the Lab.
Classification and DialectsEdit
There are no dialects.
|Nasal||hm m /m̥ m/||hn n /n̥ n/||nhn /ɲ/||hng ng /ŋ̊ ŋ/|
|Plosive||p b /p b/||t d /t d/||c /c/||k g /k g/||q /q/|
|Fricative||f v /f v/||th /θ/||s z ŝ ẑ /s z ʃ ʒ/||ĉ /ç/||x /x/||h /h/|
|Affricate||cj ĉj /ts tʃ/|
|Flap or tap|
|Lateral fric.||lh /ɬ/|
|Lateral app.||l /l/||lj /ʎ/|
|Close||i y /i y/||u /u/|
|Close-mid||ë /e/||o /o/|
Consonant clusters are rare, a typical four-phone syllable structure is CVCV, or CVVC. Vowel clusters will have each sound pronounced separately so 'ia' is pronounced /ia/ or by assimilation, /ja/. Double vowels such as 'ee' indicate a long vowel, so 'ii' is pronounced /i:/
The tonal system is the same as that of Mandarin: there are four tones (a flat tone, a high rising tone, a high tone, and a low tone.) This leads to homophones, that are distinguishable only by tone, such as:
- we (IPA /wɛ̄/) meaning 'that'
- wé (IPA /wɛ́/) meaning 'chicken'
- wè (IPA /wɛ̀/) meaning 'slow'
- wě (IPA /wɛ̌/) meaning 'creek or small river'
Unlike the phonetics and tones, the grammar of Framlish is fairly simple.
Nouns change form according to number, but there is no gender, so for instance:
- melě (the fish), changes to meléte in the plural. A rising tone is typically assimilated into a high with the addition of '-te' in plural, but the '-te' suffix is tone-neutral.
Framlish has a number of idiosyncratic word systems, for instance, the noun used to describe a sober person is 'laam' but the noun used to describe a drunk person is 'kele'.
More accurately, a series of pronouns are formed separately for sober people and drunk people (i.e. addressing them, unless it's 'I')
|1st Sing.||2nd Sing.||3rd Sing. (M/F)||1st Pl.||2nd Pl.||3rd Pl. (Gender neutral)|
Tense is easily formed in Framlish, with the use of the verbs, sáu (to have) and miě (to go).