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Type Agglutinative
Alignment  ?
Head direction Initial
Tonal Yes
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Genders None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Progress 0%
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator FictiveJ

Framlish is an artificial language, created as part of FJ's Lab. It was the first language in the Lab.

Classification and DialectsEdit

There are no dialects.



Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal hm m /m̥ m/ hn n /n̥ n/ nhn /ɲ/ hng ng /ŋ̊ ŋ/
Plosive p b /p b/ t d /t d/ c /c/ k g /k g/ q /q/
Fricative f v /f v/ th /θ/ s z ŝ ẑ /s z ʃ ʒ/ ĉ /ç/ x /x/ h /h/
Affricate cj ĉj /ts tʃ/
Approximant j /j/
Trill r /r/
Flap or tap
Lateral fric. lh /ɬ/
Lateral app. l /l/ lj /ʎ/
Lateral flap


Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i y /i y/ u /u/
Close-mid ë /e/ o /o/
Open-mid e /ɛ/
Near-open ä /æ/
Open a /a/


Consonant clusters are rare, a typical four-phone syllable structure is CVCV, or CVVC. Vowel clusters will have each sound pronounced separately so 'ia' is pronounced /ia/ or by assimilation, /ja/. Double vowels such as 'ee' indicate a long vowel, so 'ii' is pronounced /i:/


The tonal system is the same as that of Mandarin: there are four tones (a flat tone, a high rising tone, a high tone, and a low tone.) This leads to homophones, that are distinguishable only by tone, such as:

  • we (IPA /wɛ̄/) meaning 'that'
  • wé (IPA /wɛ́/) meaning 'chicken'
  • wè (IPA /wɛ̀/) meaning 'slow'
  • wě (IPA /wɛ̌/) meaning 'creek or small river'


Unlike the phonetics and tones, the grammar of Framlish is fairly simple.


Nouns change form according to number, but there is no gender, so for instance:

  • melě (the fish), changes to meléte in the plural. A rising tone is typically assimilated into a high with the addition of '-te' in plural, but the '-te' suffix is tone-neutral.

Framlish has a number of idiosyncratic word systems, for instance, the noun used to describe a sober person is 'laam' but the noun used to describe a drunk person is 'kele'.

More accurately, a series of pronouns are formed separately for sober people and drunk people (i.e. addressing them, unless it's 'I')

1st Sing. 2nd Sing. 3rd Sing. (M/F) 1st Pl. 2nd Pl. 3rd Pl. (Gender neutral)
Sober kai ala auk/kak s'ue s'ja oj
Drunk o'h o'la o'wk/o'kak o'se o'je ij


Tense is easily formed in Framlish, with the use of the verbs, sáu (to have) and miě (to go).



Example textEdit

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