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Gïsal/Conjugation

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This page is a reference for verb conjugations in Gïsal.

-od VerbsEdit

Example: nayod "fly"

SimpleEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st nayo nayol nayü naylo nayu nayul
2nd nayos nayoz nayso nayzo nayus nayuz
3rd nayod nayot naydo nayto nayud nayut

ContinuousEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st nayne naynel nayoŕ nayloŕ nayuŕu nayuŕul
2nd naynes naynez naysoŕ nayzoŕ nayuŕus nayuŕuz
3rd nayned naynet naydoŕ naytoŕ nayuŕud nayuŕut

CompleteEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st nayüra nayüral nayürä nayürla nayüru nayürul
2nd nayüras nayüraz nayürsa nayürza nayürus nayüruz
3rd nayürad nayürat nayürda nayürta nayürud nayürut

Other FormsEdit

conjunctive nayo
imperative nayco
infinitive nayu
nominal nayom
past participle nayi
present participle nayni

-ed VerbsEdit

Example: xibed "sing"

SimpleEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st xibe xibel xibï xible xibu xibul
2nd xibes xibez xibse xibze xibus xibuz
3rd xibed xibet xibde xibte xibud xibut

ContinuousEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st xibne xibnel xibeŕ xibleŕ xibuŕu xibuŕul
2nd xibnes xibnez xibseŕ xibzeŕ xibuŕus xibuŕuz
3rd xibned xibnet xibdeŕ xibteŕ xibuŕud xibuŕut

CompleteEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st xibïra xibïral xibïrä xibïrla xibïru xibïrul
2nd xibïras xibïraz xibïrsa xibïrza xibïrus xibïruz
3rd xibïrad xibïrat xibïrda xibïrta xibïrud xibïrut

Other FormsEdit

conjunctive xibe
imperative xibce
infinitive xibu
nominal xibem
past participle xibi
present participle xibni

-ad VerbsEdit

Example: seńad "read"

SimpleEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st seńa seńal seńä seńla seńu seńul
2nd seńas seńaz seńsa seńza seńus seńuz
3rd seńad seńat seńda seńta seńud seńut

ContinuousEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st seńne seńnel seńaŕ seńlaŕ seńuŕu seńuŕul
2nd seńnes seńnez seńsaŕ seńzaŕ seńuŕus seńuŕuz
3rd seńned seńnet seńdaŕ seńtaŕ seńuŕud seńuŕut

CompleteEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st seńära seńäral seńärä seńärla seńäru seńärul
2nd seńäras seńäraz seńärsa seńärza seńärus seńäruz
3rd seńärad seńärat seńärda seńärta seńärud seńärut

Other FormsEdit

conjunctive seńa
imperative seńca
infinitive seńu
nominal seńam
past participle seńi
present participle seńni

Special Case: sedEdit

sed "be"

SimpleEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st se sel sle su sul
2nd ses sez sïse sïze sus suz
3rd sed set sïde sïte sud sut

ContinuousEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st sne snel seŕ sleŕ suŕu suŕul
2nd snes snez sïseŕ sïzeŕ suŕus suŕuz
3rd sned snet sïdeŕ sïteŕ suŕud suŕut

CompleteEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st sera seral serü serla seru serul
2nd seras seraz sesra sezra serus seruz
3rd serad serat sedra setra serud serut

Other FormsEdit

conjunctive se
imperative seca
infinitive sedu
nominal sem
past participle sedi
present participle seni

Special Case: radEdit

rad "do"

SimpleEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st ra ral rya ru rul
2nd ras raz sra zra rus ruz
3rd rad rat dra tra rud rut

ContinuousEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st rane ranel raŕ ryaŕ ruŕu ruŕul
2nd ranes ranez sraŕ zraŕ ruŕus ruŕuz
3rd raned ranet draŕ traŕ ruŕud ruŕut

CompleteEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st radra radral radrü radärla radru radrul
2nd radras radraz radärsa radärza radrus radruz
3rd radrad radrat radärda radärta radrud radrut

Other FormsEdit

conjunctive ra
imperative raca
infinitive radu
nominal ram
past participle radi
present participle rani

Biconsonantal VerbsEdit

Verbs with a cluster of two consonants before their final vowel sometimes conjugate slightly differently; these differing forms are in bold below.

Example: ŕempad "cry"

SimpleEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st ŕempa ŕempal ŕempä ŕempala ŕempu ŕempul
2nd ŕempas ŕempaz ŕempasa ŕempaza ŕempus ŕempuz
3rd ŕempad ŕempat ŕempada ŕempata ŕempud ŕemput

ContinuousEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st ŕempane ŕempanel ŕempaŕ ŕempaluŕ ŕempuŕu ŕempuŕul
2nd ŕempanes ŕempanez ŕempasuŕ ŕempazuŕ ŕempuŕus ŕempuŕuz
3rd ŕempaned ŕempanet ŕempaduŕ ŕempatuŕ ŕempuŕud ŕempuŕut

CompleteEdit

present past future
singular plural singular plural singular plural
1st ŕempära ŕempäral ŕempärü ŕempärla ŕempäru ŕempärul
2nd ŕempäras ŕempäraz ŕempärsa ŕempärza ŕempärus ŕempäruz
3rd ŕempärad ŕempärat ŕempärda ŕempärta ŕempärud ŕempärut

Other FormsEdit

conjunctive ŕempa
imperative ŕempaca
infinitive ŕempu
nominal ŕempam
past participle ŕempi
present participle ŕempani

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