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Galderish

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Galderish
Gälderikäm
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Galderish is the standard language of the dragons from the planet Galderik. It is approximately 8 light-years from Earth in a binary system and has a population of 850 million. Over the millennia, the dragons have had many languages just like humans. But then the government simply instituted a standard language now known as Galderish. It is a basic language, designed to have relatively simple grammar and be easy to learn. A few humans have learned Galderish, but as it is fundamentally different from human languages, it remains relatively isolated from human knowledge.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v s z ŝ ĵ
Affricate
Approximant r y
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric. ħ
Lateral app. l h
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close ï ü
Near-close i u
Close-mid o
Mid a
Open-mid e
Near-open
Open ä

AlphabetEdit

The Galderish alphabet contains 31 letters, each with a single unique sound.

The majority of letters are pronounced as in English. The exceptions are as follows:

A is pronounced as a schwa sound (telephone).

Ä, or aa, is pronounced as in father.

Ĉ, or ch, is pronounced as in children.

Ħ, or hl, is pronounced as ɬ.

I is always pronounced as in is.

Ï, or ii, is always pronounced as in piece.

Ĵ, or jh, is pronounced as in vision.

Ŝ, or sh, is pronounced as in shoe.

U is pronounced as in book.

Ü, or uu, is pronounced as in zoo.

PhonotacticsEdit

Äy, ey, and oy are pronounced as in tie, may, and toy, respectively. Ay, iy, ïy, uy, and üy are not allowed. There is also no ng, th, or x-cluster in the language.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes Yes No No No
Nouns Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes No Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


Verbs Edit

Infinitive= -u

Present Tense= -üs

Past Tense= -os

Future Tense= -es

More complex tenses are denoted by a -ta on the end of the conjugated verb. For example;

I fly= Ho hlüs

I am flying= Ho vohüs hlüsta

The verb vu (to be) also has a simple conjugation according to person. While the subject "it" uses the basic conjugation, for other pronouns the first letter of the pronoun is inserted into the word like so:

It is= Fo vüs

I am= Ho vohüs

You are= Sho voshüs

He/she is= Do/to vodüs/votüs, etc.

Nouns Edit

Nouns always end in consonants and are pluralized using the suffix -in. The nouns have three genders; feminine, masculine, and neutral. Most nouns are neutral, but gender-specific nouns like husband and wife use exclusively either voiced or unvoiced consonants. Feminine nouns like tälomit (wife) use only unvoiced consonants, while their masculine variants use voiced consonants (dälomid). Most nouns that describe a position or occupation follow this rule, with a few exceptions.

Blagïr= boy

Plakïr= girl

VocabularyEdit


No. English Galderish
1Iho
2you (singular)ŝo
3hedo
4weĵo
5you (plural)go/ko
6theylo/ħo
7thisĉo
8thatyo
9hereĉen
10thereyen
11whosän
12whatŝäl
13whereslän
14whenŝeyr
15howjül
16notdäk
17allkol
18manyĉed
19somebela
20fewdeka
21otherädï
22onegem
23twonom
24threesek
25fourväm
26fiveküm
27bigmotï
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womantälef
37man (adult male)dälev
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childväl
40wifetälomit
41husbanddälomid
42motherħekam
43fatherħegam
44animalfläk
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdektel
47dogmogüd
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treegoram
52forestgoramüd
53sticklok
54fruitŝoväm
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafmek
57rootlejik
58barkgälit
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassfïl
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodkoräz
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggĉorn
68hornpex
69tailyeym
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairshär
72headlet
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyewun
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothrev
78tongueĵet
79fingernailmärk
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingħen
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastküd
90heartnagüm
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkmadäfu
93eattäĉu
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breathenätünu
100laughhatänu
101seewu
102hearĉepu
103knowhoru
104thinkmänu
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dietänu
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118diggäldu
119swimmodäku
120flyħu
121walkänĉedu
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standŝovu
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullholu
135pushyolu
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countnolĉeku
140sayĉäfu
141singävanu
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowhortenu
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunkeĉ
148moonYogän
149starkapäd
150waterprev
151rainŝäd
152riverfütor
153laketeynik
154seaklepis
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneĉäl
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthgäld
160cloudmolär
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyhlümat
163windmener
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireneyrit
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadlutrek
171mountainħül
172redŝonï
173greennoläsï
174yellowsäyvï
175whitehänï
176blackŝodï
177nightvor
178daymäl
179yeartem
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodfülï
186badĵäkï
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyjamänï
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetprevï
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctnejï
197nearverï
198farnolï
199rightmüs
200leftlov
201atä
202in
203withŝep
204andda
205ifmenü
206becauseäĉ
207namedoyat


Example textEdit

Ĉäfu ŝep na mener, da ŝïn härin vedüs nolï. Ĉäfu älü na mener, da lo vedos däkfet.

Speak with the wind, and your words travel far. Speak against the wind, and they will travel nowhere.

For featuring:

Ken ħorvek ves gemïa mektolesï. Ĵätyuv ä fïn tek a fülïvän, fotenïvän, da litälïvänin a hut, fo ves gotesta fü mektolesï.

This language was once featured. Thanks to its level of quality, plausibility and usage capabilities, it has been voted as featured.

Start a Discussion Discussions about Galderish

  • New Words

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    • If you have no problem with the language being completely a priori , I'm going to show you how I make words relatively fast (when you get used...
    • Normally if I hear or see a sequence of letters I like, I will say the word out loud to make sure it is pronounceable, and if it sounds good...

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