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Germish (Deuschisch)

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Germish (Deuschisch) is a Germanic conlang. It originated as a joke name for 'German' and grew from a few words to a complete language. It is agglutinative, having many suffixes which stack up on verb forms, for example in skreipelpsten, 3rd Pl. form of the 'must' form of skreip, to write.

Most words are of Germanic origin, some being completely Germish native.

Name: Deuschisch

Type: Agglutinative

Alignment: Accusative

Head Direction: Initial

Number of genders: -

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


SettingEdit

Germish is a project that sprouted from a joke name for German. It started as a very small idea, but grew to having a proper grammar and everything.

Germish takes words from Germanic and Original Germish parts. Latin and Greek terms are sometimes imported for scientific purposes.

PhonologyEdit

Germish's phonology is much like that of the Germanic languages, particularly German.

ConsonantsEdit

Letter b c ch d f g h j k l m n ng p q qu r s sch t tsch tt^ v w x z
IPA /b/ /k/ /x/ /d/ /f/ /g/ /h/ /j/ /k/ /l/ /m/ /n/

/ŋ/

/p/ /k/ /kf/

/ʁ/

/s/

/ʃ/

/t/

/tʃ/

/θ/ /v/ /v/ /s/ /ts/

VowelsEdit

Letter a au e ei er eu i ie o

ö

u uu
IPA /ɑː/ /aʊ/ /ɛ/ or /ə/^^ /aɪ/ /ɜː/ /ɔɪ/ /iː/ or /ɪ/~ /iː/ /ɒ/ /ɒː/ /uː/ /uː

^After fricatives like s, it is pronounced /t/.

^^/ə/ at the ends of words, but /ɛ/ anywhere else.

~/iː/ on strong (stressed) syllables and usually /ɪ/ on unstressed syllables.

Basic GrammarEdit

Nouns

Germish declines nouns according to four cases and two numbers. This is the table for 'Fesch', a fish.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Fesch Feschen
Accusative Fesch Feschen
Genitive Fesches Feschenes
Following Preposition (except 'of'.) Fescht

Feschent


Verbs

Germish conjugates verbs according to tense (including some functions normally taken by auxiliaries, like 'must')and person. Verbs are represented as a three-tense simple table or six-tense larger table.

All verbs are regular except for 'sien' (to be), which is conjugated below.

Present Past Future Future Perfect^ Past Future~ 'Must'
1st Sing. bis vis vass vess visvass ebis
2nd Sing. is vis vass vess visvass eris
3rd Sing. ise vise vasse vesse visvasse erise
1st Pl. isten visten vassten vessten vissvassten ebisten
2nd Pl. isten visten vassten vessten visvassten eristen
3rd Pl. istene vistene vasstene vesstene vissvasstene eristene
Imper. Sing. ist Imper. Pl. istent Present Participle sient Past Participle sienent

^as in 'I will have been'

~as in 'I was going to be'

But for a regular verb, uniform endings apply, being added on to the end of the infinitive form:

vutte (to make)

Present Pres. Continuous Past Future Future Perfect Past Future 'Must'
1st Sing vutte vuttes vuttene vuttest vuttek vuttep vuttepst
2nd Sing. vuttet vuttes vuttenet

vuttestt

vuttekt vuttept vuttepstt
3rd Sing. vuttel vuttels vuttelne vuttelst vuttelk vuttelp vuttelpst
1st Pl. vutteten vuttesten vutteneten vuttesteten vutteketen vuttepeten vuttepsteten
2nd Pl. vutteten vuttesten vutteneten vuttesteten vutteketen vuttepeten vuttepsteten
3rd Pl. vuttelen vuttelsen vuttelnen vuttelsten vuttelken vuttelpen vuttelpsten
Imper. Sing. vuttet Imper Pl. vutteten Present Participle vuttet Past Participle vuttent

The parts in bold are the normalendings for regular verrbs. If the verb infinitve does not end in a vowel, an -e- is placed before the suffix is added.

Adjectives

Describing Singular Describing Plural
Positive guut guuten
Comparative guutar guutaren
Superlative guutaster

guutasteren


Adverbs

Adverbs are usually formed by adding -ant onto an adjective. This is not the case with wall, well, and nars, soon, and some other adverbs.

Adverbs are alos comparable, as in the English 'more quickly' and the illiterate 'more well'.

Describing Singular Describing Plural
Positive nars narsen
Comparative narsar narsaren
Superlative narst narsten

ConversationEdit

These are basic formations in Germish for everyday conversation.

English: Germish:
Hello! Hallo!
Good day. Guut Dag.
Good morning. Guut Mornen
Good night. Guut Nakt.
How are you? Heu Juu is?
I'm fine. (Ek bis) Guut.
Not fine. Ek nuubis guut/Nuu guut.
What's your name? Wetten Juu nameist?
My name is... Ek nameis...
Goodbye. Seheguut. / Ubetodag.

Basic DictionaryEdit

Nouns

English: Germish:
dog Huunde
cat Frei
mouse Mause
book Buuk
person Akscher
man Mann
woman Fruu
house Hause
day Dag
morning Mornen
night Nakt
machine Maschien
word Verb

flower

Flauer
tree Heiks
clock Kstauklong
piece of paper Zuze
cow Keiwe
fish Fesch
year Jar
son Sann
daughter Dauchte
toy Pleitten
car Morbel
television Sehrewer
(a) laugh Leukte
organisation Örensen
language Langvig
dictionary Verbuuk

Verbs

English: Germish:
sien to be
nameis to be called
vutte to make
kau to go
habe to have
skreip to write
sehe to see
leike to like
herteferne to love
nuuleike to dislike
nuusien to not be
ferne to smile
ete to eat
brauk to drink


Example textEdit

An ein Dagt, den Mann sehelne den Fesch. Heh leikelne iin Fesch. Heh nuuhabelne dar Fesch, so Heh kaulne eu Hauset.

One day, a man saw a fish. He liked fish. He didn't have the fish, so he went home.

AnalysisEdit

An - on / ein - one (cardinal number) / Dagt - dative singular of Dag, day /, / den - singular indefinite article / Mann - nominative singular of Mann, man / sehelne - 3rd person singular past of Sehe, to see / den - singular indefinite article / Fesch - accusative singular of Fesch, fish //.// Heh - nominative 3rd person singular masculine pronoun / leikelne - 3rd person singular past of leke, to like / iin - mass noun article / Fesch - fish (mass noun) //.// Heh - nominative 3rd person singular masculine pronoun / nuuhabelne - 3rd person sinngular past of nuuhabe, negative form of habe, to have / dar - singular definite article / Fesch - accusative singular of Fesch, fish /,/ so - so / Heh - nominative 3rd person singular masculine pronoun / kaulne - 3rd person singular past of kau, to go / eu - to / Hauset - dative singular of Hause, house //.//

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