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Ggän

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Ggän
/ɣʰɑ̃ɴ/
Type
Alignment
tripartide
Head direction
initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2(5)
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Ggän is to be the anciënt language of the gan familly, as all the other langs (future projects) have initiated from Ggän. Ggän is seen as the phoniciän of their people, their language branched widely into the future. Though full knowledge is gained of the Ggän language, only a few documents written by actual Ggän have been found. as their litterature was undevelloped, and their writing system extremely hard to read.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Alveolo-palatal Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ ɴ
Plosive b t d kʰ g
Fricative ɸ β f  fʰ fʲ fᶣ s z ɕ ʑ ç ɣ ɣʰ ɣʷ h
Affricate ts tɕ tɕʰ dʑ
Approximant ʋ ɥ j
Trill r
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral app. l

¹n is /ɴ/ on the end of a word, otherwise it is /n/

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back front nasalized back nasalized rhotacized
Close i ɨ u ĩ ũ ¹e˞
Mid ɛ ə ɔ õ ə˞
Open a ɑ ã ɑ̃ ɑ˞

¹e˞ is mid, not close.

DiphthongsEdit

initial iotized¹ initial ionized¹ nasalized initial ionized¹ rhotacized initual u² initual u² nazalized random shit
ia ua ɑo
iɑ̃ iɑ˞ uɑ̃ ɑɛ
ie iẽ ie˞ ue uẽ
oɑ˞
io uo oe˞
iy yi
iu ɔi
iə˞ ɛi
ji ui ɑi

¹the initial /i/ is also pronounced /j/

²the initual /u/ is also pronounced /w/

TripthongsEdit

² ¹
ɑoɛ ɑəi uəe˞ ɑɔi iɨe˞

¹the initial /i/ is also pronounced /j/

²the initual /u/ is also pronounced /w/

AlphabetEdit

IPA alphabet
m M m
n ɴ N n
ŋ Ñ ñ
b B b
t T t
d D d
K k
g Gc gc
ɸ Ð ð
β § ß
f F f
P p
Fc fc
fᶣ Fç fç
s S s
z Z z
ɕ X x
ʑ Zh zh
ç Q q
ɣ G g
ɣʰ Gg gg
ɣʷ Gç gç
h H h
Ts Tc tc
Xc xc
tɕʰ Xç xç
Zc zc
ʋ W w
ɥ Y y
j J j
r R r
ɾ V v
l L l
IPA alphabet IPA alphabet IPA alphabet
i i ĩ ï ə˞ ùr
ɨ u ũ ü u ou
ɛ e ë èr
ɔ o õ ö ã
a a ɑ aa ɑ̃ ä
ə eu ɑ˞ àr iaä
ia ia iaa iɑ̃
ie ie iee iẽ
io io ioo
iy iu iu iou
ieu ji ii
iɑ˞ iàr ie˞ ièr iə˞ iùr
ua ua uaa uɑ̃
ue ue uee uẽ
uo uo uoo uõ 
uu ui oui ɑo ao
oɑ˞ oàr oe˞ oèr ɑɛ ae
yi ui ɔi oi ɑoɛ aoe
ɑi ai ɛi ei ɑəi aui
uəe˞ ouèr ɑɔi aoi iɨe˞ iuèr

PhonotatcticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes Yes No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No Yes

NounsEdit

GendersEdit

kind state
Common animate
inanimate
abstract
Divine common (of animate and inanimate)
abstract

CasesEdit

case native name example (using house)
ergative house
absolutive house
accusative house
dative for / to the house
qualitative from house
instrumental with the house
vocative house!
genitive the house of .....
locative ¹ at the house
conjunctive and the house

¹also used for time.

Verbs tenseEdit

tenses
historical past narrative present future

The dictionary form of a verb ends on ièr, this can be modified to get the future or past tense.

A present tense doesn't have to include the base-form in the verb, it can use the stem only.

An historical past or narrative can also be created by starting the verb with a certain word, an historical past can also be created by adding a prefix to the verb.

tense base-form historical narrative
present ièr ièrna
past àr aor àrna
future iee ieena
initial word jo na
prefix jo-

Verb aspect Edit

aspects
habit fact continuous perfect

an aspect is creating by adding a word after the verb, or initiating a sentence with a word. if an 

aspect sentence-initial after verb
habit jru / njeu
fact eut ùr / eut
continuous öj jön
perfect he ev / qev

ArticleEdit

common divine
animate inanimate abstract common abstract
erg ða ðav ðan ßa ßan
abs ðas fças ßar wav
acc ðal ßo wo
dat ðao pao fçao nao
qual ðän ðàrn ðä ßan vaf
inst ðe ðei ßo voß
voc jùr àrv o ioo
gen por / xov
loc än / öm
loc time ok
loc place àrk
con (k)èr
definiteness prefix
new undipendend introduced re-introducing
qö- independent xo- xvo-

Prononouns Edit

presonal pronouns

1 st 2 nd 3 rd 4/5 th
erg mya myo mèr kja
abs myas myos mes ksa
acc myal myol mel kal
dat myao myö mjèr kav
qual myoan myon myen kjal
inst myàr mjùr mjèr kra
voc mav mov mev kvan
gen nav nov nev ktov
loc nimya nimyo nime nijo
possesive -kàr
reflexive -lùr

Demonstratives

this that that
erg ko koko joko
abs ko kon jo
acc kol kokol jol
dat kjo koj loj
qual kono kovo kojo
inst komo kolo kowo
voc oko olo ojo
gen koma kolo kowa
loc qiko qilo qiji

SyntaxEdit

The syntax has an important role in the Ggän language, by shifting it you can create either an intterogative or an imperative depending on how you shift. Does the sentence lack a verb, the english verb to be will be added in translation (if the sentence has both a erg and acc)

Imperative Normal Interrogative
VSO OVS OSV

VocabularyEdit

For vocabulary and irregular verbs check conworkshop

Example textEdit

Universal Declaration of Human RightsEdit

Article 1Edit

Art1

The first article, written in souther style runes.

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Öj qöða zhal gçav zhièr ðal zcarak kyùr èr palev kèr juqir kyùr èr palev. Öj mjèr nouhièr ðal maatouk èr qaalän. lakièr mèr melùr ðei oulankav ulkal.
CONT human all NEW ERG be born PRES dignity equal and free and right equal and free ACC. CONT 3ND DAT to give PRES reason and conscience ACC. to do PRES 3ND ERG 3ND ACC REFL brotherhood spirit INST.

Article 2Edit

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. 
ðe qurièr 'l taku jùr urak èr uren èr pharakan èr ggä èr skaval
Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

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