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Gibano
D̑CIϴCNϽ
Type
Alignment
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations Yes
Genders 4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and DialectsEdit

Gibano (D̑CIϴCNϽ) is a language that is written using the Kibina Script. Gibano has a bunch of dialects, mostly differing in pronunciation and spelling. For this language, we will use the Standard form.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal Labio-velar
Nasal m n ʔ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f1 v1 s z1
Affricate tʃ dʒ
Approximant ɹ j w
Lateral l

NOTE: 1. [f], [v], and [z] are only used in words if they are loan words.

VowelsEdit

Front Back
High i u
Mid e o
Low a

PhonotacticsEdit

Phonemes will always has the structure of (C(F))V(C), C for consonants, V for vowels, and F for fluids and semi-vowels. No fluids can be placed before another fluid, so "wlat" and "yrit" won't be allowed.

Writing SystemEdit

Gibano uses The Kibina Script. This script has 2 letters per sound. (most of the "letters" are digraphs) The first letter is the unstressed letter while the last one is the stressed letter. Unstressed vowel letters represents the sound itself, while the stressed version adds a glottal stop [ʔ] before the sound itself. Unstressed consonants means that it pairs with a vowel to the right. If the vowel is stuck between 2 consonants, like "Mad", it would be paired like (Ma)d. If there are multiple "Vowel sandwiches", like "Perplexing", it would be paired like (Pe)rp(le)(xi)ng. Any consonant that is unpaired would be written in its stressed form. Sometimes it could be tricky like 'al'aba (ȊCL̆ȊCϴC̆) being different to 'alaba (ȊCLCϴC̆). This is the main reason why dialects of Gibano are distinct in spelling and pronunciation.

Letter Tϴ Tϴ̆ U Ȗ KI KȊ R R̆ T T̆ J J̆ ϽI ȊK CI CȊ Ͻ ȊϽ O Ŏ C ȊC Ø Ø̆
Sound w e r t y u i o p a s
Letter D D̆ OX ŎX D̑ D͂ H H̆ DØ̑ DØ͂ T̑ T͂ L L̆ Ø̑ Ø͂ ϴX ϴ̆X ϴ ϴ̆ N N̆ M M̆
Sound d f g h k l z v b n m

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes No No No No
Nouns No No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

Each verb has its own base template. Base templates are templates with special areas to put the verb conjugations. Examples are:

  • eat - hako* - HCT̑Ͻ*
  • run - sima* - ØCIMC*
  • kick - majo* - MCDØ̑Ͻ*
  • catch - naqami* - NCTϴCMCI*
  • dodge - dojema* - DϽDØ̑KIMC*
  • hit - itaha* - CȊTCHC*
  • is/are/am - i* - CȊ*

But what do those asterisks mean? Those are the places where the conjugations can be placed. If you are wondering, here are all of the conjugations:

Subject Number Singular Dual Plural Unspecified
Object Number Tense & Word Order SVO OVS SVO OVS SVO OVS SVO OVS
Singular Past qisa qosa qipa qopa qika qoka qi qo
Present (Default) gasa gosa gapa gopa gaka goka ga go
Future qasa masa qapa mapa qaka maka qa ma
Dual Past kisa nasa kipa napa kika naka ki na
Present (Default) kasa kosa kapa kopa kaka koka ka ko
Future wisa gisa wipa gipa wika gika wi gi
Plural Past sisa wosa sipa wopa sika woka si wo
Present (Default) sasa sosa sapa sopa saka soka sa so
Future lisa wasa lipa wapa lika waka li wa
Unspecified Past misa mosa mipa mopa mika moka mi mo
Present (Default) nisa nosa nipa nopa nika noka ni no
Future lasa losa lapa lopa laka loka la lo

SyntaxEdit

The word order is pretty flexible between SVO and OVS because verb conjugations tell the listener what is the word order. For example:

  • The ball hit the ground. - Ka silamo itahagasa ka bila. - T̑C ØCILCMϽ CȊTCHCD̑CØC T̑C ϴCILC.
  • The ball hit the ground. - Ka bila itahagosa ka silamo. - T̑C ϴCILC CȊTCHCD̑ϽØC T̑C ØCILCMϽ.

LexiconEdit

Numbers Edit

Gibano uses both base-10 and base-13 numbering systems. Gibano uses words that act like digits and inflect based on what place value are they at.

Digit Base-10 Base-13
Normal Digit Last Digit Normal Digit Last Digit
0 Moy Monio Moni Moniyil
1 Pail Pailem Pairi Pairel
2 Ser Selia Selio Selin
3 Dri Dlime Dlitie Tritie
4 Qad Qari Qarki Termia
5 Kir Kirnen Gilsa Golesa
6 Seg Sarba Vorke Firsalo
7 Dyak Dyel Zarke Favlon
8 Ulba Alka Gaka Zavif
9 Mak Marke Qava Juram
10 (A) NaN NaN Terta Derio
11 (B) NaN NaN Unla Alwa
12 (C) NaN NaN Wa Jafal

The translation for "Sixty-seven" can be either "Seg-dyel" or "Gilsa-serin".

Others Edit


No. English Gibano Gibano
1IilCȊL̆
2you (singular)ninNCIN̆
3hekanT̑CN̆
4weliranLCIRCN̆
5you (plural)nanNCN̆
6theydirDCIR̆
7thistirTCIR̆
8thatsatØCT̆
9herelirLCIR̆
10thereyatJCT̆
11whopolOϽL̆
12whatpatOCT̆
13wherepirOCIR̆
14whensyen/sien/potØ̆JKIN̆/ØCIKIN̆/OϽT̆
15howpratŎRCT̆
16notmonMϽN̆
17allbiϴCI
18manypitOCIT̆
19somepimotOCIMϽT̆
20fewmopiMϽOCI
21otherodemȊϽDKIM̆
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name

Example textEdit

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