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Name: Alien Translator

Type: Agglutinative

Alignment: Nominative-Accusative

Head Direction: Head-Final

Number of genders: 1

Declensions: No

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


This is a language which takes the idea of Nokanevesino'a/Nounless and does it differently. Unlike the former, its aim is to have no nouns at all, and unlike the latter, it exists.

Consonants

Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Velar Uvular
Stop [t̪] ⟨th⟩ [t] ⟨t⟩ [t̠] ⟨tw⟩ [k] ⟨q⟩ [q] ⟨qw⟩
Fricative [θ] ⟨ch⟩ [θ̠ ] ⟨c⟩ [x] ⟨k⟩ [χ] ⟨kw⟩
[ð] ⟨jh⟩ [ð̠] ⟨j⟩ [ɣ] ⟨g⟩ [ʁ] ⟨gw⟩
[s̪] ⟨sh⟩ [s] ⟨s⟩ [s̠] ⟨sw⟩
[z̪] ⟨zh⟩ [z] ⟨z⟩ [z̠] ⟨zw⟩
Nasal [n̪] ⟨nh⟩ [n] ⟨n⟩ [n̠] ⟨nw⟩ [ŋ] ⟨m⟩ [ɴ] ⟨mw⟩
Approximant [l̪] ⟨lh⟩ [l] ⟨l⟩ [l̠] ⟨lw⟩ [ɰ] ⟨r⟩ [ʁ̞] ⟨rw⟩

Vowels

Front Central Back
Close [i] ⟨i⟩ [ɨ] ⟨iw⟩ [u] ⟨u⟩
Close-Mid [e] ⟨e⟩ [o] ⟨o⟩
Mid [ə] ⟨y⟩
Open [a]~[ɑ] ⟨a⟩

Phonotactics

The syllable structure is (C)(C)V(V)(C)(C).

The order of articulations in a consonant onset is stop -> nasal -> fricative <-> approximant. What I am trying to imply with the arrows is that fricatives and approximants can alternate places, but everything else has to follow that order. The order in a coda is fricative <-> approximant-> nasal -> stop.

There can only be one stop and/or nasal in a consonant cluster.

Stops become voiced between vowels. When two non-stop, non-nasal sounds of the same articulation and voice are beside one another, a geminated version of that sound will be said.

After a velar or uvular sound, a is [ɑ], and anywhere else, it is [a].

GrammarEdit

There are prefixes which show subject.

minh- 1st person
lush- 2nd person
nak- 3rd person
shiw- 4th person (not already used in sentence)
gan- 4th person Finnish (one)

There are prefixes which come after those which show aspect.

-kash- habitual
-kys- frequentative
-zhic- to begin doing something
-zhe- inchoative
-tom- generic
-mash- non-perfective
-shesh- perfective

There are prefixes which come after those, which show intent.

-shek- to not want to
-kiwsh- to want to
-nyc- to be able to
-zhemg- to need to
-mork- to cause to

Then there are prefixes which mark the number of arguments which connect to this.

zezh-one sezh-two

There are infixes within the last two syllables of the verbs which shows how they connect to another word.

-re()ac- This is when the verb refers to a direct object, which is shown by ac()re. -en()ac- This is when the verb is modified by another verb, which takes ac()en.

There are suffixes which show tense.

pos - past kyrt - future

Then there is this suffix.

peshr - at that time (i.e. when I X, if I X) gorp - in that way (i.e. like you X)

Then there are these suffixes.

at - interrogative mood
elh - imperative mood (acts like imperative in 2nd person, conveys a promise in 1st and 3rd person)

Most verbs are intransitive on their own.

Nakshakit. = It is eating (something).
Nak-shakit.
3RDPERS-eat.
He eats.


Words

kashsan- to act habitually
kysach- to repeat itself
zhichat- to begin working
zhesak- to be made to begin working
tomkan- to act normal
mashken- to have yet to act
shakit- to eat
pushtosh - to writhe
simgshi - to ring
kanak - to dance
ranshrak - to create music
sheshken- to have already acted
shelhek- be unwilling
ganom - to do

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