| Name: Alien Translator
Head Direction: Head-Final
Number of genders: 1
|Stop||[t̪] ⟨th⟩||[t] ⟨t⟩||[t̠] ⟨tw⟩||[k] ⟨q⟩||[q] ⟨qw⟩|
|Fricative||[θ] ⟨ch⟩||[θ̠ ] ⟨c⟩||[x] ⟨k⟩||[χ] ⟨kw⟩|
|[ð] ⟨jh⟩||[ð̠] ⟨j⟩||[ɣ] ⟨g⟩||[ʁ] ⟨gw⟩|
|[s̪] ⟨sh⟩||[s] ⟨s⟩||[s̠] ⟨sw⟩|
|[z̪] ⟨zh⟩||[z] ⟨z⟩||[z̠] ⟨zw⟩|
|Nasal||[n̪] ⟨nh⟩||[n] ⟨n⟩||[n̠] ⟨nw⟩||[ŋ] ⟨m⟩||[ɴ] ⟨mw⟩|
|Approximant||[l̪] ⟨lh⟩||[l] ⟨l⟩||[l̠] ⟨lw⟩||[ɰ] ⟨r⟩||[ʁ̞] ⟨rw⟩|
|Close||[i] ⟨i⟩||[ɨ] ⟨iw⟩||[u] ⟨u⟩|
|Close-Mid||[e] ⟨e⟩||[o] ⟨o⟩|
The syllable structure is (C)(C)V(V)(C)(C).
The order of articulations in a consonant onset is stop -> nasal -> fricative <-> approximant. What I am trying to imply with the arrows is that fricatives and approximants can alternate places, but everything else has to follow that order. The order in a coda is fricative <-> approximant-> nasal -> stop.
There can only be one stop and/or nasal in a consonant cluster.
Stops become voiced between vowels. When two non-stop, non-nasal sounds of the same articulation and voice are beside one another, a geminated version of that sound will be said.
After a velar or uvular sound, a is [ɑ], and anywhere else, it is [a].
There are prefixes which show subject.
minh- 1st person
lush- 2nd person
nak- 3rd person
shiw- 4th person (not already used in sentence)
gan- 4th person Finnish (one)
There are prefixes which come after those which show aspect.
-zhic- to begin doing something
There are prefixes which come after those, which show intent.
-shek- to not want to
-kiwsh- to want to
-nyc- to be able to
-zhemg- to need to
-mork- to cause to
Then there are prefixes which mark the number of arguments which connect to this.
There are infixes within the last two syllables of the verbs which shows how they connect to another word.
-re()ac- This is when the verb refers to a direct object, which is shown by ac()re. -en()ac- This is when the verb is modified by another verb, which takes ac()en.
There are suffixes which show tense.
pos - past kyrt - future
Then there is this suffix.
peshr - at that time (i.e. when I X, if I X) gorp - in that way (i.e. like you X)
Then there are these suffixes.
at - interrogative mood
elh - imperative mood (acts like imperative in 2nd person, conveys a promise in 1st and 3rd person)
Most verbs are intransitive on their own.
Nakshakit. = It is eating (something).
kashsan- to act habitually
kysach- to repeat itself
zhichat- to begin working
zhesak- to be made to begin working
tomkan- to act normal
mashken- to have yet to act
shakit- to eat
pushtosh - to writhe
simgshi - to ring
kanak - to dance
ranshrak - to create music
sheshken- to have already acted
shelhek- be unwilling
ganom - to do