| Name: Gishfut (Гышфут)
Head Direction: Head-Final
Number of genders: 1
|Stop||[t̪] ⟨ht⟩||[c] ⟨hq⟩||[t] ⟨t⟩||[k] ⟨q⟩||[t̠] ⟨wt⟩||[q] ⟨wq⟩|
|Fricative||[θ] ⟨hf⟩||[ç] ⟨hk⟩||[θ̠ ] ⟨f⟩||[x] ⟨k⟩||[ɹ̠̊˔] ⟨wf⟩||[χ] ⟨wk⟩|
|[ð] ⟨hv⟩||[ʝ] ⟨hg⟩||[ð̠] ⟨v⟩||[ɣ] ⟨g⟩||[ɹ̠˔] ⟨wv⟩||[ʁ] ⟨wg⟩|
|[s̪] ⟨hs⟩||[ʃ͇] ⟨hc⟩||[s] ⟨s⟩||[ʃ] ⟨c⟩||[s̠] ⟨ws⟩||[ʂ] ⟨wc⟩|
|[z̪] ⟨hz⟩||[ʒ͇] ⟨hj⟩||[z] ⟨z⟩||[ʒ] ⟨j⟩||[z̠] ⟨wz⟩||[ʐ] ⟨wj⟩|
|Nasal||[n̪] ⟨hn⟩||[ɲ] ⟨hm⟩||[n] ⟨n⟩||[ŋ] ⟨m⟩||[n̠] ⟨wn⟩||[ɴ] ⟨wm⟩|
|Approximant||[l̪] ⟨hl⟩||[ʎ] ⟨hr⟩||[l] ⟨l⟩||[ʟ] ⟨r⟩||[l̠] ⟨wl⟩||[ʟ̠] ⟨wr⟩|
|High||[i] ⟨hi⟩||[ɨ] ⟨i⟩||[u] ⟨u⟩|
|(Close-)Mid||[e] ⟨e⟩||[ə] ⟨y⟩||[o] ⟨o⟩|
The syllable structure is (C)(C)V(V)(C)(C).
The order of articulations in a consonant onset is stop -> nasal -> fricative <-> approximant. What I am trying to imply with the arrows is that fricatives and approximants can alternate places, but everything else has to follow that order. The order in a coda is fricative <-> approximant-> nasal -> stop.
There can only be one stop and/or nasal in a consonant cluster.
Stops become voiced between vowels. When two non-stop, non-nasal consonants of the same general articulation (front/back) are beside one another, they will have the same articulation. Only one digraph letter (h/w) will be written.
After a velar or uvular sound, a is [ɑ], and anywhere else, it is [a].
The main part of the grammar is how it conjugates for person.
|Person||Infix Subject||Infix Object||Prefix Object|
kahssan - to act habitually
kysahc - to repeat
hzihcat - to begin working
hzesak - to be made to begin working
tomkan - to act normal
mahksen - to have yet to act
hsakit - to eat
pustohs - to writhe
sinvihs - to ring
kanak - to dance
rohnsak - to create music
hsokken - to have already done
hsehlek - be unwilling
ganom - to do
sihstyk - to slide
kihmiwns - to cool
munneht - to arrange (a meeting, an occasion)
tkuwltaq - to warm
liwkrut - to invent
hfarqal - to scold
scatrihc - to refine
hmunnek - to arrange (physical set)
hfermur - to turn to metal/to make a statue of
totrut - to decipher
I am cold. Kihmkikainsw.
Even though you are weak now, I know that you will fight nobly alongside us.