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Gissou is a language spoken in Gissai, a country to the east of Fleuris, a continent of Kronite. It is spoken by almost 60 milion people and is one of the most important languages of Fleuris.

Gissou
Gicar
Type
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and DialectsEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k g q
Fricative ɸ f v s z ʃ ç χ
Affricate q͡χ
Approximant ɻ j
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i u
Near-high
High-mid e
Mid
Low-mid ɛ ɔ
Near-low
Low ä

PhonotacticsEdit

Stress Edit

There is no fixed stress in Gissou, although the last syllabe is often accentuated

Writing SystemEdit

Letter Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee, Êê Ff Gg Hh Ii Kk Ll Mm
Sound ä b s, k d ɛ ɸ g ... i, aɪ q l m
Letter Nn Oo Pp Qq Ɵɵ Rr Ғғ Ss Šš Tt Uu Vv
Sound n ɔ p ku q͡χ ɻ χ, ç z, s, ʃ s t u f
Letter Ww Yy Ëë
Sound v i, j e

GrammarEdit

The order in sentences is most of the time SVO. The adjectives are before the noun.

NounsEdit

In Gissou, nouns always have a capital letter.

Number Edit

To form the plural of nouns, you just need to add an -ë to the end of the word. If the noun ends with a vowel, instead of an -ë, you add -ns or mrore rarely -s or -n

Example :

Da Khats -> Khatsë (The Cat -> Cats)

Determiners Edit

Nouns use most of the time determiners :

Singular Plural
Definite da / des (with a vowel)
Indefinite se sese
Demonstrative Fo Fonn

Genitive Edit

Gissou has a special genitive construction. To form the genitive, you add -(ê)d to the the dependent which is located before the head. We also add n' to the end of the determiner.

Example :

Dan' Taintêd Difrêt (The aunt's glasses)

Adjectives Edit

Adjectives are never declined. Adjectives can have a prefix form which can be used with the noun.

Example :

Da banbiqo (The blue pen) - biqo : pen and bank : blue

Pronouns Edit

There are four relative pronouns in Gissai :

Singular Plural
1rst person I
2nd person Tail
3rd person Fnail Foll

VerbsEdit

Each verb has an infinitive form wich is never used in constructed sentences. The stem of a verb always ends with a vowel. To conjugate a verb, you just need to add the proper ending to the stem of the verb.

Note : Most of verbs are regular and have the same ending pattern

Present Edit

The present tense endings are :

Singular Plural
1rst person -s
2nd person -š or -s
3rd person -t -rta

Example : smêr (to be)

1st smês
2nd smês (or -š rarely)
3rd sing. smêt
3rd plur. smêrta

Adverbs Edit

In Gissou, adverbs are used as prefixes of the verb. They are not declined.

Negation Edit

Negation is formed by adding the prefix ki- to the verb.

Example :

I kigaês (I doesn't eat)

Edit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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