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Golin

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Golin
Qęline
Type
polysynthetic
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Initials
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Golin is a language spoken by only a small population that contains people in several towns on the prairie. This language has not many grammatical rules and they're really regular that there's only one exception----- the verb "to be".

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive b t k g
Fricative s ʃ x
Affricate ts dz tʃ dʒ
Trill r
Approximant j w
Lateral approx. l

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close u (y)
Mid e
Open-mid ɛ ɜ ɔ
Open a
  • a —— Spanish "a"
  • e —— Italian "e"
  • ę —— Chinese "e"
  • i —— Spanish "i"
  • o —— odd
  • u (y)—— Spanish"u"
  • į (ee) ——"sir" without the r sound and then and then let your upper and lower teeth be in contact to each other while the lips do not

AlphabetEdit

(Vowels, and consonants that sound the same in English will not be explained)

  • A a
  • B b
  • C c ----- "boots" / similar to Italian "z"
  • Ç ç ----- "s" in English
  • Č č ----- "ch" in English
  • D d
  • E e
  • Ę ę
  • G g ----- "George" in English
  • I i
  • Į į
  • J j ----- "y" in English/Croatian "j'
  • K k
  • L l
  • M m
  • N n
  • O o
  • Q q ----- "good" in English
  • R r ----- Spanish "r" (Doesn't have to be trill)
  • S s ----- "sh" in English
  • T t
  • U u
  • V v ----- "w" in English
  • X x ----- "h" in English with more stressed/slight "kh" in Arabic
  • Y y ----- "u" when u is not pronounced independently
  • Z z ----- "z" in Chinese pinyin/ Mongolian "z"

Special Consonants Pronunciation Theory Edit

b, d, m, n, t:

  • When they are at the end without a vowel, they're pronounced with -ę
  • When they are at the end with -e, they're silent. (e.g.: de=d)

ç:

  • When it's at the end without a vowel, it's pronounced with -į
  • When it's at the end with -e, it's silent.

("the end" means "at the end of a word")

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes Yes No No No
Nouns No Yes No No No No No No
Adjectives No Yes No No No No No No
Numbers No Yes No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No Yes No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No Yes No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Nouns:Edit

Cases for nouns

There're 4 cases for nouns:

  • nominative---- The subject; the one that does the action
  • genitive ---- The one that something belong to
  • dative ---- Indirect subject of a verb
  • accusative ---- The direct object of a verb

(There's no singular or plural)

In infinitive form, they end in consonants.

Verbs:Edit

Verb conjugation is depending on the tenses and the person. In infinitive form, they end in vowels (sound, not the spelling).

Tenses: Present tense and Past tense

Person:

  • Singular: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person
  • Plural: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person

(Which means he, she, and it have the same verb conjugation)

Adjectives: Edit

Adjectives are always after the nouns or adverbs that describe them. Usually, adjectives change their endings depend on the endings of nouns. In infinitive form, they end with consonants (sound).

Syntax: Edit

Declarative sentence structure: Edit

Sub.+ (adv.+adj. that describe the sub.)+ (adv. that describe the v.)+ v.+ obj.+ ( adv.+ adj. that describe the obj.)+ (time + place).

(You can skip anything that's in the parenthesis; time+place can also be at the beginning of the sentence)

Special declarative sentence structure:

When you're telling where is something, you don't need to use the verb "to be" but use the method of verb conjugation to conjugate the prepositions.

Sub.+ prep.(conjugated)+ place.

Interrogative sentence structure:

Same thing as declarative but with a asking tone.

Special interrogative sentence:

Use those question words to substitute the element that you need to ask, (it's hard to explain, but here's an example)

Ex: The answer is: I go to the restaurant. Suppose you want to know where do I go, then the place is missing.

Therefore, the question is: You go where?

Exclamative Sentence Structure:

How + adj./adv. + sub. +v.!

Imperative Sentence structure: Edit

(Please) + v. + obj..

VocabularyEdit

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No. English Golin
1Ila
2you (singular)ta
3hega
4wenaj
5you (plural)taj
6theygaj
7thisçy
8thatça
9herekryč
10therekrač
11whoaxline
12whatclak
13wherebenbe
14whenqang
15howso
16notno
17allaxs
18manylįde
19somekol
20fewjidine
21othercybxine
22onejidane
23twotva
24threečyx
25fourgoc
26fivesra
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

Çxlinine zįlexinde, ibęndzine srac. Črkęline egin’, içzįd’g vo dyqjine. Edit

Iqlinqe’g uxexime zįxlane arrędo’g. Gilde egine ęnnal ajdrin’g. Edit

Ajdrin’t zįxlane, egine mine. Zordrine tine sįrtene jadxo’g te. Edit

English Translation (not literally):

The endless prairie, and the blue sky. My mother's voice, reverberates in my heart.

The sun seems to go down soon. But (I know) my mom (will) never come(s) back.

Come quickly! My mom. Your son misses you very much.

Literally translation:

Prairie endless, sky blue. Voice mom's, reverberates in heart.

Seems sun soon falls. But mom never comes.

Come quickly, mom my. Son your very misses you.

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