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Golin

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Golin
Qęline
Type
polysynthetic
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Initials
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Golin is a language spoken by only a small population that contains people in several towns on the prairie. This language has not many grammatical rules and they're really regular that there's only one exception----- the verb "to be".

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive b t k g
Fricative s ʃ x
Affricate ts dz tʃ dʒ
Trill r
Approximant j w
Lateral approx. l

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close u (y)
Mid e
Open-mid ɛ ɜ ɔ
Open a
  • a —— Spanish "a"
  • e —— Italian "e"
  • ę —— Chinese "e"
  • i —— Spanish "i"
  • o —— odd
  • u (y)—— Spanish"u"
  • į (ee) ——"sir" without the r sound and then and then let your upper and lower teeth be in contact to each other while the lips do not

AlphabetEdit

(Vowels, and consonants that sound the same in English will not be explained)

  • A a
  • B b
  • C c ----- "boots" / similar to Italian "z"
  • Ç ç ----- "s" in English
  • Č č ----- "ch" in English
  • D d
  • E e
  • Ę ę
  • G g ----- "George" in English
  • I i
  • Į į
  • J j ----- "y" in English/Croatian "j'
  • K k
  • L l
  • M m
  • N n
  • O o
  • Q q ----- "good" in English
  • R r ----- Spanish "r" (Doesn't have to be trill)
  • S s ----- "sh" in English
  • T t
  • U u
  • V v ----- "w" in English
  • X x ----- "h" in English with more stressed/slight "kh" in Arabic
  • Y y ----- "u" when u is not pronounced independently
  • Z z ----- "z" in Chinese pinyin/ Mongolian "z"

Special Consonants Pronunciation Theory Edit

b, d, m, n, t:

  • When they are at the end without a vowel, they're pronounced with -ę
  • When they are at the end with -e, they're silent. (e.g.: de=d)

ç:

  • When it's at the end without a vowel, it's pronounced with -į
  • When it's at the end with -e, it's silent.

("the end" means "at the end of a word")

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes Yes No No No
Nouns No Yes No No No No No No
Adjectives No Yes No No No No No No
Numbers No Yes No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No Yes No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No Yes No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Nouns:Edit

Cases for nouns

There're 4 cases for nouns:

  • nominative---- The subject; the one that does the action
  • genitive ---- The one that something belong to
  • dative ---- Indirect subject of a verb
  • accusative ---- The direct object of a verb

(There's no singular or plural)

In infinitive form, they end in consonants.

Verbs:Edit

Verb conjugation is depending on the tenses and the person. In infinitive form, they end in vowels (sound, not the spelling).

Tenses: Present tense and Past tense

Person:

  • Singular: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person
  • Plural: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person

(Which means he, she, and it have the same verb conjugation)

Adjectives: Edit

Adjectives are always after the nouns or adverbs that describe them. Usually, adjectives change their endings depend on the endings of nouns. In infinitive form, they end with consonants (sound).

Syntax: Edit

Declarative sentence structure: Edit

Sub.+ (adv.+adj. that describe the sub.)+ (adv. that describe the v.)+ v.+ obj.+ ( adv.+ adj. that describe the obj.)+ (time + place).

(You can skip anything that's in the parenthesis; time+place can also be at the beginning of the sentence)

Special declarative sentence structure:

When you're telling where is something, you don't need to use the verb "to be" but use the method of verb conjugation to conjugate the prepositions.

Sub.+ prep.(conjugated)+ place.

Interrogative sentence structure:

Same thing as declarative but with a asking tone.

Special interrogative sentence:

Use those question words to substitute the element that you need to ask, (it's hard to explain, but here's an example)

Ex: The answer is: I go to the restaurant. Suppose you want to know where do I go, then the place is missing.

Therefore, the question is: You go where?

Exclamative Sentence Structure:

How + adj./adv. + sub. +v.!

Imperative Sentence structure: Edit

(Please) + v. + obj..

VocabularyEdit

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No. English Golin
1Ila
2you (singular)ta
3hega
4wenaj
5you (plural)taj
6theygaj
7thisçy
8thatça
9herekryč
10therekrač
11whoaxline
12whatclak
13wherebenbe
14whenqang
15howso
16notno
17allaxs
18manylįde
19somekol
20fewjidine
21othercybxine
22onejidane
23twotva
24threečyx
25fourgoc
26fivesra
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


Example textEdit

Çxlinine zįlexinde, ibęndzine srac. Črkęline egin’, içzįd’g vo dyqjine. Edit

Iqlinqe’g uxexime zįxlane arrędo’g. Gilde egine ęnnal ajdrin’g. Edit

Ajdrin’t zįxlane, egine mine. Zordrine tine sįrtene jadxo’g te. Edit

English Translation (not literally):

The endless prairie, and the blue sky. My mother's voice, reverberates in my heart.

The sun seems to go down soon. But (I know) my mom (will) never come(s) back.

Come quickly! My mom. Your son misses you very much.

Literally translation:

Prairie endless, sky blue. Voice mom's, reverberates in heart.

Seems sun soon falls. But mom never comes.

Come quickly, mom my. Son your very misses you.

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