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Grindstaff

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Grindstaff
þuxoƿ
Type
Alignment
left to right
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Grindstaff is a Germanic language that is a combo of Old Englisc, and Icelandic.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d c ɟ k g q ɢ ʔ
Fricative s z sh  zh
Fricative 2 f  v th  th x ɣ
Affricate ch  dzh
Approximant r y
Trill rr
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

Alphabet Edit

Latin base: a æ b c d e f g h i/j k l m n o p q r s t ð/þ u/v ƿ x y

PhonotacticsEdit

 ð/þ s f are sounded as vioced when inbeetween two vowels, unvoiced everywhere else

h is [], [], []

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Numbers Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
Participles Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Adverb Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Adpositions No Yes No Yes Yes No No No
Article No Yes No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounEdit

Strong NounsEdit

Nominative Accusative Dative Ablative Genitive Vocative Locative Instrumental
male singular -e -o -es
male plural -s/-us -as -um -os -a -ew
female singular -u -e o-/ot- -es -wa
female plural -a -um -os -a -we
neuter singular -o -os -es -se -que/-eque
neuter plural -u -u -um -o -a -ses -as

VerbsEdit

VocabularyEdit

PronounsEdit

male, female, inanimate, animal

Nominative Accusative Dative Ablative Genitive Vocative Locative Instrumental

1st person singular

I, ic

mec, maz

me, mah mek, mak my, may
1st person dual wit vncit vnc vnca vncer
1st person trial wap vdna vd vde vder
1st person plural we vsic vs vse vser
2nd person singular thou thec thee thu thine
2nd person dual git incit inc inca incer incu
2nd person trial gok idna id ide ider idu
2nd person plural ge eowic eow eowe eower eowu
3rd person singular he, she, it, et hine, hie, hit, het him, hire, him, hem hrim his, her, his, hes huz
3rd person plural they hio heom them their

NounsEdit

GenderEdit
StrongEdit
feminine adl
masculine aglaca
masculine anda
neuter andgit
masculine andsaca
masculine andwlita
masculine anfloga

VerbsEdit

AdpositionsEdit

Example textEdit

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