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Hûiniskè

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Hûiniskè (pronunce: hwEEnihwai, ˈxʷiːnɪxʷɛ(ː) (IPA), alternative spellings: hwiniskè, huiniskè) is an alternative language.

Alphabet and pronunciation Edit

The language uses a variant of the Latin alphabet.

  • a is pronunced like an English a in father. (IPA: /aː/)
  • b is pronunced like an English b. (IPA: /b/)
  • c is pronunced like an English ch in cheese. (IPA: /ʧ/)
  • d is pronunced like an English d. (IPA: /d/)
  • e is pronunced like an English a in blade. (IPA: /eː/)
  • è is pronunced like an English ai in air. (IPA: /ɛː/)
  • f is pronunced like a Celtic f. (IPA: /ɸ/)
  • g is pronunced like an English g in go. (IPA: /g/)
  • h is pronunced like an English ch in loch. (IPA: /x/)
  • i is pronunced like an English ee in need. (IPA: /iː/)
  • ì is pronunced like an English i in pin. (IPA: /ɪ/)
  • î is pronunced like an English y in young. (IPA: /j/)
  • k is pronunced like an English k in kin or silent. (IPA: /k/)
  • l is pronunced like an English l. (IPA: /l/)
  • m is pronunced like an English m. (IPA: /m/)
  • n is pronunced like an English n. (IPA: /n/)
  • o is pronunced like an English a in ball. (IPA: /ɔː/)
  • ó is pronunced like an English oa in goat. (IPA: /oʊ̯/)
  • ö is pronunced like a German long ö. (IPA: /øː/)
  • p is pronunced like an English p. (IPA: /p/)
  • r is pronunced like an English r, but is usually slightly rolled. (IPA: /r/)
  • s is pronunced like an English s. (IPA: /s/)
  • V-s-V is pronunced like an English z in zero. (IPA: /z/)
  • sk is pronunced like a h followed by a û. (IPA: /xʷ/)
  • sl is pronunced like a Welsh ll. (IPA: /ɬ/)
  • . (IPA: /sʷ/)
  • u is pronunced like a Spanish u. (IPA: /u/)
  • ù is pronunced like a French oeu as in coeur. (IPA: /œː/)
  • û is pronunced like an English w. (IPA: /w/)

î and û are often written as i/j or u/w. Like: Fueiìn giión huecìn instead of Fûeîìn giîón hûecìn. (the cow near the farm)

Grammar Edit

These are the personal pronouns:

  • I: min (subject) - mûìn (object)
  • you: cun (subject) - cûùn (object)
  • he/she/it: ca (subject) - cadì (object)
  • we: ûa (subject) - [c]ûaîn (object)
  • you (plural): óc (subject) - [c]ûoîc (object)
  • they: anì (subject) - [c]ûanì (object)

'Mìn' is often pronunced as 'mìn'.

Possessive pronouns are not inflected. They are:

  • mi - ci - ca - mûì - cûì - cûa

'Mi' and 'ci' are often pronunced as 'mì' and 'cì'.

Noun Edit

Generally speaking, nouns have four written forms: singular indefined, singular defined, plural indefined, plural defined.

Nouns are declined on two ways:

1. Without a vowel change. (faskè = boat)

  • [a] boat = [e] fask[è]
  • the boat = faskìn
  • boats = [e] faskir
  • the boats = faskìnar

The -ir ended is pronunced as -ìr.

2. With a vowel change, only for 'e', 'i' and 'u'. (husè = house)

  • [a] house = [e] hus[è]
  • the house = hùsìn
  • houses = [e] husir
  • the houses = hùsìnar

The -ir ended is pronunced as -ìr.

In spoken language, the first consonant is voiced or unvoiced depending on the last consonant of the preceding word.

  • Ós gèskìn ón. is pronunced as Ós kèskìn ón. (he is in the forest)

Verbs Edit

There are two ways to conjugate verbs:

1. Using suffixes. (ûarcì = to work)

  • Present: ûarcìm - ûarcìs - ûarcì - ûarcìme - ûarcìse - ûarcìîe - on ûarcìn
  • Past: ûarcicìm - ûarcicìs - ûarcicì - ûarcicìme - ûarcicìse - ûarcicìîe - ûarcicìn
  • Future: ûarcirìm - ûarcirìs - ûarcirì - ûarcirìme - ûarcirìse - ûarcirìîe - on ûarcirìn
  • Conditional: ûarciricìm - ûarciricìs - ûarciricì - ûarciricìme - ûarciricìse - ûarciricìîe - ûarciricìn
  • Subjunctive: ûarcìr
  • Imperative: ûarcì!

2. Using stem changes and suffixes. (gorì = to do, to perform)

  • Present: gorìm - gorìs - gorì - gorìme - gorìse - gorìîe - on gorìn
  • Past: gîerìm - gîerìs - gîerì - gîerìme - gîerìse - gîerìîe - gîerìn
  • Future: gorirìm - gorirìs - gorirì - gorirìme - gorirìse - gorirìîe - on gorirìn
  • Conditional: gîerirìm - gîerirìs - gîerirì - gîerirìme - gîerirìse - gîerirìîe - gîerirìn
  • Subjunctive: gorìr
  • Imperative: gorì!

As you can see the past and future change o to îe.

Of course there's also a third group which contains irregular verbs. (ós = to be)

  • Present: óm - ó[s] - ós - óme - óse - ón - on ósìn
  • Past: ùîìm - ùîìs - ùîì - ùîìme - ùîìse - ùîìîe - ùîìn
  • Future: skalìm - skalìs - skalì - skalìme - skalìse - skalìîe - on skalìn
  • Conditional: skelìm - skelìs - skelì - skelìme - skelìse - skelìîe - skelìn
  • Subjunctive: äs
  • Imperative: gan! (singular) gaû! (plural)

Vocabulary Edit

Some words related to agriculture:

  • fûeîè (cow)
  • geskè (forest)
  • hûecè (farm)
  • hûecrirè (agriculture)
  • îaîè (goat)
  • ûalè (field)

Some words related to family:

  • crehrè (daughter)
  • fónè (child)
  • mûecrè (mother)
  • senè (son)
  • ûarè (human being)
  • ûocrè (father)

Some words related to fishing or hunting:

  • faskè (boat)
  • gorì [e] ûóskè (to fish)
  • gorì nûarì [e] liûè (to kill)
  • meûè (weapon)
  • rolì (to hunt)
  • ûanì (to catch)
  • ûorè (water)
  • ûóskè (fish)

Some words related to life in a village:

  • husè (house)
  • mörè (village)
  • ûaîè (road)

See also:

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