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Hartenish

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Hartenish is an Anglic language spoken in the British Dominion of Canada, specifically in the province of New Scotland and in the northern parts of the province of New France. The language was originally an English dialect spoken by workers in the capital of New Scotland, then known as Hartington and now known as Ashville. However, more recently there are more and more people who speak Hartenish in everyday life over English, most likely due to the fact that more people in higher classes speak the language so it's seen less as peasant or worker's English and more as its own language.

Name: Hartenish

Type:

Alignment:

Head Direction: Final

Number of genders: 4

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



Classification and DialectsEdit

Hartenish was formerly classified as an English dialect, but because the mutual intelligibility was relatively non-existent, the New-Scottish government (and on the federal level, the Canadian government) has classified Hartenish as a seperate language, becoming one of New Scotland's official languages alongside English and Gaelic.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative ʃ ʒ h
Affricate
Approximant ɹ j
Trill
Flap or tap ɽ
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i y u
Near-high ɪ
High-mid o
Mid ə
Low-mid ɛ œ
Near-low æ
Low a ä ɒ

PhonotacticsEdit

Writing SystemEdit

Letter A/a B/b C/c D/d E/e F/f G/g H/h I/i J/j K/k L/l
Sound /a/ /ä/ /ɒ/ /b/ /k/ /d/ /ə/ /ɛ/ /f/ /g/ /h/ /i/ /ɪ/ /ʒ/ /k/ /l/
Letter M/m N/n O/o P/p R/r S/s/ſ T/t U/u V/v W/w Y/y Z/z
Sound /m/ /n/ /o/ /p/ /ɹ/ /ɽ/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /v/ /w/ /y/
Letter Æ/æ Ȝ/ȝ Ö/ö
Sound /æ/ /j/ /œ/

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Nouns are assigned one of three cases, nominative, accusative, or genitive. The suffixes for each are given below.

Nominative: -an

Accusative: -as

Genitive: -eses

Nouns can also use articles to declare grammatical case. The articles can be definite or indefinite. The articles don't have gender.

Nominative, Definitive: De

Nominative, Indefinite: A/An

Accusative, Definite: Tesse

Accusative, Indefinite: Ȝer

Genitive, Definite: Edde

Genitive, Indefinite: Ens


VerbsEdit

Verbs can have one of four tenses: past, present, future, or quotative. Quotative having the equivalent of "___ said that ___" in English. An example in Hartenish would be Ækan Steffen ont Valerȝeas frintenſ isſöst. Translating into English as "I heard that Steven and Valerie are friends." The verb tense suffixes are as follows:

Past': -ede

Present: -in

Future: -ill

Quotative: -öst


SyntaxEdit

Word order doesn't matter as much in Hartenish as in English. The language usually uses SVO, OVS, or SOV for word order. Interrogative word orders are VOS and VSO.

LexiconEdit

Frint /fɽɪnt/ - Friend

Spæk  /ʃpæk/ or /spæk/ - Language


Example textEdit

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