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|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Standard High Kickish (natively Qaisik [ˈ!ˀɑjsɪkʰ]) is a language spoken by the Cittus (natively Sītul [ˈsiːtʰɯ̽l̥]), buglike sapients from the planet Cittus-V (natively Gçēr [ˈᶢǂe̞ːɹ]) and one of the founding species of the Allied Intelligences. SHK is the standard variety, taught in schools.
|stop||t tʰ||k kʰ||ʔ|
|approximant||ɹ l (l̥)||j|
|high||ɪ iː||ɯ ɯː|
|low||ɛ e̞ː||ʌ ɤ̞ː|
Gender and NumberEdit
Genders are three:
- Feminine: used for female Cittus and some inanimate objects. Shows singular, dual, and plural number.
- Masculine: used for male Cittus and some inanimate objects. Shows singular and plural number.
- Juvenile: used for juvenile Cittus who have not yet differentiated into male and female, and some inanimate objects. Shows singular and plural number.
Pronouns are a very recently closed subclass of nouns, inflecting for all of the same categories as nouns and even matching some nouns in form (e. g. the word for little one, "srā" is the ordinary 3s.juv pronoun). They are however also marked suppletively for three levels of deference.
Verbs have three conjugation classes and are a closed class of about 120. They conjugate according to three tenses, two to three evidentialities, person and number of the subject, and deference to the listener(s). Grammatical voice and modality are shown periphrastically.
Verbs may be one of three conjugation classes:
- ūd verbs: the largest class.
- ħīd verbs: the verb stems can only end in a vowel or <q>.
- īd verbs: the smallest class with the most irregular verbs.
Present Direct tenseEdit
Example regular verbsEdit
Gūd [ˈkɯːt]: to give
Ceħīd [ˈtsɛħiːt]: to speak
Qharīd [ˈ!ʰʌɹiːt]: to look (at/into), regard, check
|(adverb prefix)-||stem||-(deference marker)||-suffix|
The passive construction
|verb+nonfinite suffix||passive "do" auxiliary|
Adjectives and AdverbsEdit
Adjectives and adverbs together form a closed but rather large set of prefixes.
Case is not marked, so word order is very strict. SVO is the norm.
- ex. Sītul ye a Gçēr
- Cittus-juv.pl DEF GEN Cittus.V-juv.sg
- the Cittus of Cittus-V
|verb(-nonfinite suffix)||(auxiliary verb)|
- ex. ceħīd xhi'ī
- speak-NFIN loud-PASS-3.sg
- is spoken loudly
There are three primary registers of speech.
- deferential: used to signify unfamiliarity and respect to the listeners.
- ordinary: the unmarked register, safe to use anytime.
- slang: used to signify familiarity to the listener, whether that be respect as friends or rudeness.
Because of differences in anatomy and physiology, many categories of words are very different from their Earthly counterparts.
The Cittus typically crawl on all six limbs, but they do use their first two pairs of limbs for manipulation. On each foot they have three clawlike fingers and a clawlike thumb. Their counting base is twelve, achieved by counting the fingers of their manipulative limbs.
The Cittus live around a star which spits out more light in the ultraviolet than our own. They have adapted to see a wider range of color than us, granting them not three dimensional color like us Humans, but four dimensional color.
- Also considered cardinal directions are up (ħīri) and down ('artē'ħi).
Laigesel ye lalūd 'ī gqi līkerde ut 'akya qharīd 'idigqal ut līkerdel a ħel. Ħel gūd 'ī 'ħūsel a qaicisūd ut rajakasūd sī çhai hicel a laigesel ye ji 'ergal.
intelligent-f.pl DEF give.birth-NFIN do-NDIR.PRES.3p COM freedom-f.sg and equality-juv.sg regard-NFIN dignity-juv.pl and freedom-f.pl GEN 3p.juv / 3p.juv give-NFIN do-NDIR.PRES.3p ability-f.pl GEN smart-think-NFIN and proper-act-NFIN should-NDIR.PRES.3p BENE other-f.pl GEN intelligent-f.pl DEF FORM sibling-juv.pl /
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)