FANDOM


High Kickish
Qaisik
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Accusative
Head direction
both
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General InformationEdit

Standard High Kickish (natively Qaisik [ˈ!ˀʌɪsɪkʰ]) is a language spoken by the Cittus (Sītul [ˈsiːtʰɯl̥]), insect-looking sapients from the planet Cittus-V (Gçēr [ˈᶢǂe̞ːɹ]) and one of the founding species of the Allied Intelligences, who live above-ground in Kickland and associated states (Qaisixhuāl [ˈ!ˀʌɪsɪǁʰɯʌːl̥]). SHK is the standard variety, taught in schools.

PhonologyEdit

Pulmonic consonantsEdit

alveolar dorsal epiglottal glottal
stop t tʰ k kʰ ʔ
affricate ts ʡħ~ʡʕ
fricative s ħ h
approximant ɹ l (l̥) j
trill ʜ~ʢ

ClicksEdit

Due to the Cittus not possessing a uvula, all clicks are pronounced with the back articulation in the pharynx.

retroflex lateral palatal
voiced ᶢ! ᶢǁ ᶢǂ
aspirated ǁʰ ǂʰ
glottalized ǁˀ ǂˀ

VowelsEdit

front back
high ɪ iː ɯ ɯː
low ɛ e̞ː ʌ ɤ̞ː
  • Diphthongs: /ʌɪ/, /ɛɪ/, /ɯɪ/, /ɯʌ/, /ɯʌː/
  • Triphthong: /ɯʌɪ/

Phonotactics Edit

CV(F)

  • Word-initially C can be nothing, any consonant, click, or the clusters /sɹ/ and /sj/.
  • Word-medially C can be any consonant or click
  • V can be any short or long vowel, or any diphthong or triphthong
  • Word-finally F can be any stop, sibilant, or alveolar approximant
  • Word-medial clusters are limited to: /ɹt/, /lt/, /ɹtʰ/, /ltʰ/, /ɹk/, /lk/, /ɹkʰ/, /lkʰ/, /ɹts/, /lts/, /kʰs/, /ɹs/, /ls/, /tɹ/, /tʰɹ/, /kɹ/, /kʰɹ/, /tsɹ/, /sɹ/, /lɹ/, /ɹl/, /tj/, /tʰj/, /kj/, /kʰj/, /tsj/, and /sj/
  • Coda /ʔ/ and /ɹ/ don't occur after diphthongs.

Stress Edit

To determine stress placement in High Kickish, one needs to learn about syllabic weight. A syllable containing a short monophthong and no syllable-final consonants is considered to be light, whereas a syllable containing any long vowel, diphthong, triphthong, or syllable-final consonant is considered to be heavy.

  • If the penultimate syllable is heavy, then it is stressed. ex. tul "Cittus"
  • If the penult is light and the antepenult is heavy, then the antepenult is stressed. ex. gqādarus "antennae"
  • If the penult is light and the ultimate syllable is heavy, then the ultimate is stressed. ex. ceħe "speaking"
  • If the last three syllables are light, then stress falls on the penultimate. ex. 'ale "you (sg. fem.)"

NounsEdit

Gender and NumberEdit

Genders are three:

  1. Feminine: used for female Cittus and some inanimate objects. Shows singular, dual, and plural number.
  2. Masculine: used for male Cittus and some inanimate objects. Shows singular and plural number.
  3. Juvenile: used for juvenile Cittus who have not yet differentiated into male and female, and some inanimate objects. Shows singular and plural number.

This is the regular declension, though some nouns break this pattern.

singular dual plural
Feminine -(e) -(u)s -(e)l
Masculine -i -il
Juvenile -a -al

PronounsEdit

Pronouns are a very recently closed subclass of nouns, inflecting for all of the same categories as nouns and even matching some nouns in form (e. g. the word for little one, "srā" is the ordinary 3s.juv pronoun). They are however also marked suppletively for three levels of deference.

singular dual plural
1 rūs rūle
2.f 'ale disus disel
2.m 'ali disil
2.juv 'ala disal
3.f ħe ħeus ħel
3.m cai cail
3.juv srā srāl

ArticleEdit

There is no indefinite article. The definite article inflects for gender and is placed after a noun.

Feminine ye
Masculine y
Juvenile ya
  • The masculine definite article y attaches to the noun as a /j/, and in speech lengthens the typical masculine ending -i. If the y is bordered by consonants on both sides for any reason, it merges with the feminine article, ye. ex. 'ergi y "the brother", 'ergil ye gqi "with the brothers"
  • The definite article contracts to y- before a postposition beginning in a vowel. ex. tatāri y-ū "from the soul"

VerbsEdit

Verbs have three conjugation classes and are a closed class of about 120. They conjugate according to four tenses (present, future, simple past, discontinuous past), two evidentialities (direct, indirect), two voices (active, passive), person and number of the subject, and deference to the listener(s).

Conjugation classes Edit

Verbs may be one of three conjugation classes:

  1. u verbs: the largest class.
  2. ħ verbs: the verb stems can only end in a vowel or <'>.
  3. i verbs: the smallest class with the most irregular verbs.

Nonfinite formsEdit

The citation form of verbs is the passive participle or gerund, which are identical. -ūd, -ħīd, -īd. There is also a supine used with auxiliary verbs and to mean "in order to verb". -utā, -ħetā, -etā.

Direct tenses Edit

Present Direct tense Edit

u ħ i
sg pl sg pl sg pl
1 -u -us -ħe -ħes 0 -is
2 -us -ul -ħes -ħel -is -il
3 -u -ul -ħe -ħel 0 -il

Continuous Past Direct tense Edit

u ħ i
sg pl sg pl sg pl
1 -u' -ui -ħe' -ħei -i' -ai
2 -ui -ua -ħei -ħai -ai -a
3 -u' -ua -ħe' -ħai -i' -a

Discontinuous Past Direct tense Edit

u ħ i
sg pl sg pl sg pl
1 -uci -uce -ħeci -ħece -(i)ci -(i)ce
2 -uce -uca -ħece -ħeca -(i)ce -(i)ca
3 -uci -uca -ħeci -ħeca -(i)ci -(i)ca

Indirect tenses Edit

Present/Continuous Past Indirect tense Edit

u ħ i
sg pl sg pl sg pl
1 -ura -urus -ħera -ħerus -(i)ra -(i)rus
2 -urus -ura -ħerus -ħera -(i)rus -(i)ra
3 -ura -ura -ħera -ħera -(i)ra -(i)ra

Discontinuous Past Indirect tense Edit

u ħ i
sg pl sg pl sg pl
1 -uas -ucas -ħas -ħecas -as -(i)cas
2 -ucas -uas -ħecas -ħas -(i)cas -as
3 -uas -uas -ħas -ħas -as -as

Future tense Edit

u ħ i
sg pl sg pl sg pl
1 -uri -uris -ħeri -ħeris -(i)ri -(i)ris
2 -uris -uri -ħeris -ħeri -(i)ris -(i)ri
3 -uri -uri -ħeri -ħeri -(i)ri -(i)ri

Example regular verbsEdit

Gūd [ˈkɯːt]: to give, gutā, guis

sg pl
1 gu gus
2 gus gul
3 gu gul

Ceħīd [tsɛˈħiːt]: to speak, ceħetā, ceħeis

sg pl
1 ceħe ceħes
2 ceħes ceħel
3 ceħe ceħel

Hēlīd [he̞ːˈliːt]: to arm, bring weapons, hēletā, hēlais

sg pl
1 hēl hēlis
2 hēlis hēlil
3 hēl hēlil

Affix orderingEdit

(adverb)- stem -(voice)- -(deference)- -person

Deference Edit

Depending on region in Qaisixhuāl, the deferential suffix could be -eir, -ēr, or -ēy, among others. When traveling Qaisixhuāl, it is imperative that one uses the correct suffix for the region. There are also differing suffixes depending on the relative age/genders of the speaker and listener.

PassiveEdit

The passive/impersonal construction,

verb- -nonfinite suffix- -īd endings
qhar- -īd- -as
"I feel like we/you are being watched"

Adjectives and AdverbsEdit

Adjectives and adverbs together form a closed but rather large set of prefixes.

SyntaxEdit

Case is not marked, so word order is very strict. SVO is the norm.

Noun phraseEdit

noun (article) (postposition)
  • ex. Gçēr ū Sītul ya
  • Cittus.V-fem.sg ABL Cittus-pl DEF-juv
  • the Cittus of Cittus-V

Verb phraseEdit

Serial verb constructions are not unheard of.

verb(-nonfinite suffix) (auxiliary verb)
  • ex. xhiceħīde
  • loud-speak-pass-dir.pres.3.sg
  • It is spoken loudly.

FormalityEdit

There are three primary registers of speech.

  1. deferential: used to signify unfamiliarity and respect to the listeners.
  2. ordinary: the unmarked register, safe to use anytime.
  3. slang: used to signify familiarity to the listener, whether that be respect as friends or rudeness.

VocabularyEdit

Because of differences in anatomy and physiology, many categories of words are very different from their Earthly counterparts.

NumbersEdit

The Cittus typically crawl on all six limbs, but they do use their first two pairs of limbs for manipulation. On each foot they have three clawlike fingers and a clawlike thumb. Their counting base is twelve, achieved by counting the fingers of their manipulative limbs, not counting the thumbs, which the second set of limbs lacks. Numerals are masculine gender when used as nouns, and take the place of the definite article when applied to nouns. Some numbers change form when counting and the numbers 2, 3, and 4 have different forms for different genders.

No. 12+No. No.*12
# standard count standard standard
1 te' te' kuās qhās
2 ku/kui/kua ku(0/i/a) kuās kuās
3 lei/lā l(ei/ā) kuās lelās
4 tarede/taredi/tareda tared tared(e/i/a) kuās tareduās
5 ħaca ħac ħaca kuās ħacalās
6 ħaitu' ħaitu' ħaitu' kuās ħaitulās
7 'ēhes 'ēhes 'ēhes kuās 'ēhesuās
8 jūr jūr jūr kuās jūruās
9 xhai xhai xhai kuās xhailās
A dare'a dare' dare'a kuās darelās
B gīca gīc gīca kuās gīcalās
10 qhās qhā kuās

Body PartsEdit

  • head: f dare
  • gnathal plates
  • teeth
  • eyes
  • antenna: f gqādarus
  • chin
  • neck: m ja'uai
  • breathing tubes: j ħarsal
  • body
  • dermal armor: f xadeksel
  • armor ridges: f lartūl
  • underside: f 'artē'ħe
  • arm: f çhetēg
  • middle appendage: f çhekūg
  • leg: f çhelēg
  • wrist/ankle
  • claw/finger
  • thumb
  • toe
  • dewclaw

ColorsEdit

Introduction Edit

The Cittus live around a star which spits out more light in the ultraviolet than our own. They have adapted to see a wider range of color than us, granting them not three dimensional color like us Humans, but four dimensional color. One of the odd consequences of this is that the Cittus can tell the difference between purple (red+blue) and violet (blue+UV).

Notation: colors are notated as a combination of 1s and 0s representing the presence or absence of a primary color in the order Red-Yellow-Blue-Ultraviolet. For example, 1010 is the combination of red and blue (purple) and 0101 is the combination of yellow and ultraviolet (negapurple).

All color words are nouns.

Simple colors Edit

"Simple" colors are those formed by pure primary color combinations.

notation Kickish translation Human sight
0000 rēd black black
1000 'akser red red
0100 yellow yellow
1100 cīldi orange orange
0010 gxais blue blue
1010 purple purple
0110 green green
1110 negaultra white
0001 ultraviolet black
1001 negagreen red
0101 negapurple yellow
1101 degase negablue orange
0011 violet violet
1011 negayellow violetred
0111 halase negared bluegreen
1111 teħa white white

Complex colors Edit

"Complex" colors are those that cannot be described in ones and zeros. Some complex colors have dedicated names, while most are combinations of words. Any simple color can be described as teħa "white, light" or rēd "black, dark", and combinations of primary colors can be described as more one primary color than others by adding that primary before the main color, for example, cīldi "orange" with more 'akser "red" than yellow would be 'akser-cīldi "red-orange".

DirectionsEdit

gqukā'a
gqukā'aral gqukā'açhē
ralci çhēci
'ūteral 'ūteçhē
'ūte
  • Also considered cardinal directions are up (ħīri) and down ('artē'ħi).

Example textEdit

Laigesel ye lalūdra līkerde ut 'akya gqi qharīd srāl a 'idigqal ut līkerdel. Srāl gūdra qaicisūd a 'ħūsel ut rajakasutā syira 'ergal ji te' ū hicel ye çhai.

intelligent-f.pl DEF-f give.birth-PASS-NDIR.PRES.3p freedom-f.sg and equality-juv.sg COM regard-GER 3p.juv GEN dignity-juv.pl and freedom-f.pl / 3p.juv give-PASS-NDIR.PRES.3p smart-think-GER GEN ability-f.pl and proper-act-SUP should-NDIR.PRES.3p sibling-juv.pl FORM one ABL other-f.pl DEF-f BENE /

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.