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hlə⁷n m⁵un

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hlə⁷n m⁵un
hlëʔn mʔw'un
Type isolating
Alignment nominative accusative
Word Order OSV
Head direction medial
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Topic-Prominence Yes
Classes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



osswix's ugly proto-lang for the terne shared worldbuilding project.

Classification and DialectsEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
plain labialized plain labialized
nasals m n ɲ ŋ ŋʷ
stops aspirated kʷʰ
plain p t k q ʔ ʔʷ
voiced b d g ɢ
implosive ɓ ɗ ɠ ʛ
fricatives plain ɸ x h
voiced β ð ɣ ɣʷ
breathy βʱ ðʱ ɣʱ ɣʷʱ ɦ ɦʷ
sibilants aspirated ɕʰ
plain s ɕ
voiced z ʑ
affricates aspirated ʦʰ ʨʰ ksʰ
plain ʦ ʨ ks
voiced ʣ ʥ gz
approximants l j ɰ w
trills ʙ r ʀ
tap ɾ

Palatal sibilants and affricates only appear before front and central vowels.

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
plain nasalized
Close u
Mid ɛ ə ɔ ɔ̃
Open ɑ ɑ̃

PhonotacticsEdit

(C)(l/j/ɰ/w/ʙ/ʀ)(ʔ/ʔʰ)V(ʔ/ʔʰ)(C)

Writing SystemsEdit

Natural NotationEdit

Sound m n p t b d ɓ ɗ ɸ β ð βʱ
Letter m n ph' th' p t b d b d f v dh vvh'
Sound ðʱ ɲ ɕʰ s ɕ z ʑ ʦʰ ʨʰ ʦ ʨ ʣ ʥ
Letter ddh' nj sh' xh' s x z j tsh' txh' ts tx dz dj
Sound l j ʙ r ɾ ŋ ŋʷ kʷʰ k q ʔ
Letter l y rb' r rr' ng ngw' kh' kwh' qh' k kw' q ʔ
Sound ʔʷ g ɢ ɠ ʛ x h ɣʱ ɣʷʱ ɦ ɦʷ
Letter ʔw' g gw' c g c hkw' hk' h hw' ggh' ggwh' hh' hhw'
Sound ksʰ ks gz ɰ w ʀ u ɛ ə ɔ ɔ̃ ɑ ɑ̃ 1
Letter ksh' ks gz gj' w rg' u e ë o õ a ã '

1 is an hiatus between consonant, so it break possible consonant clusters.

ɣ and ɣʷ are written like their counterparts, just with one g less.

Eastern Scientific NotationEdit

Sound m n p t b d ɓ ɗ ɸ β ð βʱ
Letter m n p' t' p t b d b' d' f v dh
Sound ðʱ ɲ ɕʰ s ɕ z ʑ ʦʰ ʨʰ ʦ ʨ ʣ ʥ
Letter dh² s' sʲ' s z ts' tsʲ' ts tsʲ dz dzʲ
Sound l j ʙ r ɾ ŋ ŋʷ kʷʰ k q ʔ
Letter l j r ŕ ng ng³ k' k³' q' k q 7 *
Sound ʔʷ g ɢ ɠ ʛ x h ɣʱ ɣʷʱ ɦ ɦʷ
Letter 7³ * g c g₂ c₂ kh kh³ h gh gh³ hh hh³
Sound ksʰ ks gz ɰ w ʀ u ɛ ə ɔ ɔ̃ ɑ ɑ̃ 1
Letter ks' ks gz w ř u e ə o õ a ã _

1 is an hiatus between consonant, so it break possible consonant clusters.

* the glottal stop is only written as 7 at the beginning of a word and if it is the only consonant of the coda, if it happens inbetween consonants and vowels it is written as a superscript ⁷. ʔʷ is written as a superscript ⁵.

ɣ and ɣʷ are written as /hg/ and /hg³/ respectively

Western Scientific NotationEdit

Sound m n p t b d ɓ ɗ ɸ β ð βʱ
Letter m n p t b d f v dh vh
Sound ðʱ ɲ ɕʰ s ɕ z ʑ ʦʰ ʨʰ ʦ ʨ ʣ ʥ
Letter dhh jn š² s š z ž ts² ch² ts ch dz j
Sound l j ʙ r ɾ ŋ ŋʷ kʷʰ k q ʔ
Letter l y br̀ r ř gn gn³ k²³ k q 3'
Sound ʔʷ g ɢ ɠ ʛ x h ɣʱ ɣʷʱ ɦ ɦʷ
Letter 3³' g c ġ ċ hk hk³ h hg hg³ ḥ³
Sound ksʰ ks gz ɰ w ʀ u ɛ ə ɔ ɔ̃ ɑ ɑ̃ 1
Letter x gz jg³ w u e o oⁿ a aⁿ '-

1 is an hiatus between consonant, so it break possible consonant clusters.

* the glottal stop is only written as 3' at the beginning of a word and if it is the only consonant of the coda, if it happens inbetween consonants and vowels it is written as a superscript  ³'. ʔʷ is written as a superscript ³³'.

ɣ and ɣʷ are written as /gh/ and /gh³/ respectively

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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