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Name: I Lisa

Type: Isolating

Alignment: Nominative-Accusative

Head Direction: Mixed

Number of genders: 1

Declensions: No

Conjugations: No

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect

This is meant to be a simple language, based on the letters that are shared by all UNESCO languages (and possible future UNESCO languages). Those languages are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish (and Bengali, Hindi, Portuguese, and Turkish). It could also have a "simple" grammar.

Every subtopic will be divided in a certain way. First, the language will be explained in a linguist-satisfying way. Then, it will be explained in a layman-satisfying way.

Also, this language would not necessarily be easy for people who speak these languages; for this, I apologize. I originally intended for this to be an auxiliary language, but now I realize that this is barely even a language. Maybe if I find that this is good, I'll make it an auxiliary language again. But as of now, it's basically an artlang meant to be a minimalist sketchlang.

SoundsEdit

LinguistEdit

Bilabial/Labio-dental Dental/Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n
Plosive b /p~b/ d /t̪~d̪~t~d/ g /k~g/
Fricative s /s̪~s/
Approximant l /l~ɫ/ j w /v~w/
Front Back
High i /e~i/ u /o~u/
Low a /a~ɑ/

The stops are written as voiced because I don't know of any language with only aspirated voiced plosives; however, many languages have aspirated voiceless plosives and no tenuis voiceless plosives.

LaymanEdit

"m" is the sound in mice or them.
"n" is the sound in nice or then.
"b" is the sound in ball or job.
"d" is the sound in dog or bad.
"g" is the sound in good or dig.
"s" is the sound in stand or grass.
"l" is the sound in laugh or mall.
"i" is the sound in bean or pea, but NOT in mint.
"u" is the sound in room or fool, but NOT in stuck.
"a" is the sound in arm or bar, but NOT in cat.

Numbers 1-10Edit

Linguist

Arabic Chinese English French Russian Spanish Hindi Bengali Portuguese Turkish Lisa Ui
One /wa:ħid/ i /wʌn/ /œ̃/; /yn/ /odin/ /un/ /ek/ /ek/ /um/ /bir/ win
Two /ʔiθna:n/ lian /tu/ /dø/ /dva/ - /dvʲe/ /dos/ /do/ /dui/ duis igi du
Three /θala:θa:/ san /θri/ /tʁwa/ /trʲi/ /tres/ /tin/ /tin/ dlis us duin
Four /ʔarbaʔa:/ si /for/ /katʁ/ /t͡ɕɪˈtɨrʲe/ /kwatro/ /t͡ʃar/ /t͡ʃar/ /kwatro/ dilt salu
Five /ħamsa/ u /fajv/ /sɛ̃k/ /ˈpʲatʲ/ /sinko/ /pãt͡ʃ/ /pãt͡ʃ/ /sinko/ bis bajdu
Six /sit:a:/ liu /sɪks/ /sis/ /ʂesʲtʲ/ /seis/ di /t͡ʃoi/ sis aldi sisa
Seven /sabʔa/ gi /sɛvn/ /sɛt/ /'sʲemʲ/ /siete/ /sat/ /ʃat/ /siete/ jidi sidi
Eight /θama:nija/ ba /ejt/ /ɥit/ /ˈvosʲɪmʲ/ /ot͡ʃo/ ad ad /oito/ sigis widu
Nine /tisʔa/ diu /najn/ /nøf/ /'dʲevʲɪtʲ/ /nweve/ nu /noi/ /nweve/ dugus nui
Ten /ʔaʃara/ si /tɛn/ /dis/ /ˈdʲesʲɪtʲ/ /dies/ das /doʃ/ dis un disi

GrammarEdit

Adjectives come after nouns. The word order is SVO.

NounsEdit

Cases: Arabic: NOM ACC GEN
Chinese: N/A
English: GEN (NOM ACC)
French: N/A (NOM ACC DAT)
Russian: NOM ACC GEN DAT INSTR PREP
Spanish: N/A (NOM ACC DAT)
Bengali: NOM ACC/DAT GEN LOC
Hindi: OBL VOC GEN ERG DAT
Portuguese: N/A (NOM ACC DAT COM)
Turkish: NOM ACC DAT ABL LOC GEN

Because most of the languages do not have any one case, Lisa I has no cases.

PronounsEdit

Because Chinese has no case, no pronouns have case.

VerbsEdit

The verbs all have one form.

Some PrepositionsEdit

There are prepositions.