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Ibeletua

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Ibeletua
Cibelethua
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


General InformationEdit

Ibeletua (English /ˌibɛlɛˈtuə/, native [ˌ|iβe̞le̞ˈtʰuʔa])

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

labial dental alveolar palatal velar glottal
central lateral plain labial
nasal m n ɲ
stop tenuis p t k (ʔ)
aspirated kʰʷ
voiced b d g
prenasalized ᵐb ⁿd ⁿdɮ ᶮdʒ ᵑg ᵑgʷ
implosive ɓ ɗ
fricative f (β) (ð) s (z) ɬ (ɣ) (ɣʷ) h
approximant ɹ̠ l j w
click tenuis (ʘ) | !
aspirated
voiced (ᶢ|) (ᶢ!)
prenasalized ᵑ| ᵑ!
  • The glottal stop appears to be epenthetic.
  • The plain voiced stops become voiced fricatives in between vowels.
  • /z/ only appears in loanwords.
  • The bilabial click /ʘ/ only appears in a handful of roots.
  • The voiced clicks only contrast with their tenuis counterparts word-initially. And even then, only in conservative dialects.
  • The plain and labialized velar series only contrast before /i/, /e/, and /a/.

VowelsEdit

front back
high i u
mid
low a (ɑ)
  • /i/ and /e/ don't appear after labial or alveolar clicks.
  • After labial and alveolar clicks, /a/ backs to [ɑ].

TransliterationEdit

letter a b ƀ c ch d dl dz đ e f g gc
phoneme /a/ /b/ /ɓ/ /|/ /|ʰ/ /d/ /dɮ/ /dʒ/ /ɗ/ /e/ /f/ /g/ /ᶢ|/
letter gq gw h i k kh khw kw l m mb n nc
phoneme /ᶢ!/ /gʷ/ /h/ /i/ /k/ /kʰ/ /kʷʰ/ /kʷ/ /l/ /m/ /ᵐb/ /n/ /ᵑ|/
letter nd ndl ndz ng ngw nq ñ o p pc ph q qh
phoneme /ⁿd/ /ⁿdɮ/ /ᶮdʒ/ /ᵑg/ /ᵑgʷ/ /ᵑ!/ /ɲ/ /o/ /p/ /ʘ/ /pʰ/ /!/ /!ʰ/
letter r s sl t th tl ts u w y z
phoneme /ɹ/ /s/ /ɬ/ /t/ /tʰ/ /tɬ/ /tʃ/ /u/ /w/ /j/ /z/

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