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Iberian Gothic

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Iberian Gothic
Type Fusional
Alignment Nominative–Accusative
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator ælfwine

General InformationEdit

Iberian Gothic is an East Germanic language descended from the tongue of the Visigoths, a Germanic tribe whose origins lie in Scandinavia. It is descended from the same branch of East Germanic languages that Ostrogothic and Vandalic are from. Owing much to the multilingual heritage of the Iberian peninsula, Iberian Gothic shares much in common developmentally with Spanish and Catalonian.

Historical Phonology Edit

Note: this is unorganized and unfinished. Feel free to correct any errors.

Long vowels merge with their short pairs.

Example:

The word-final 〈m〉 normally disappears, but remains in the form of an 〈n〉 in certain monosyllabic words. 

Example:

The word final〈s〉is intact, but is instead used for pluralization

Example:

Graphic 〈au〉 and 〈ai〉 → 〈ue〉 and 〈ie〉.

Example: *waúrd [ˈwɔrd] → vuerd [ˈβwerd] ms. "word"

[hʷ kʷ gʷ] are simplified to [x k g]; between another consonant an epithetic〈u〉is inserted instead

Example: *triggws [ˈtriɡɡʷs] → triggus [ˈtriɡɡus] → trigo [ˈtriɣo] “faithful”

When not following a high vowel, /θ/ → /s/. After another consonant, /θ, ð/ → /d/, otherwise /θ/ remains

Example:

An epenthetic /e/ is universally inserted before /s/

Example: *riks → riques ms. "realms"

Example: *skauro → escuero

Unstressed vowels are often the victim of syncope:

Example: *waninassus [ˈwaninasːus] → vañaso [ˈβaɲaso] ms. “deficiency”

Word initial /f/ is syncoped, unless it is followed by 〈ue〉.

Example:

Syllabic consonants are usually deleted.

Example: *fugls [ˈfuɣl̩] → fogo [ˈfoɣo] ms. "bird"

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v θ (ð) s (ʃ) ʝ
Affricate t͡ʃ
Trill r
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral l (ʎ)

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e o
Low a

PhonotacticsEdit

Writing SystemEdit

Latin Alphabet Gothic Alphabet IPA Usage
Aa 𐌰 /a/ [a] everywhere.
Bb 𐌱 /b/ [b] word initially and after a pause or after an ⟨m⟩ or ⟨n⟩, otherwise [β].
Cc /k/, /θ/ [θ] before an ⟨e⟩ or ⟨i⟩, otherwise [k].
Dd 𐌳 /d/ [d] word initially and after a pause, or after ⟨n⟩ or ⟨l⟩, otherwise [ð].
Ee 𐌴 /e/ [e] everywhere.
Ff 𐍆 /f/ [f] everywhere.
Gg 𐌲 /g/ [x] before an ⟨e⟩ or ⟨i⟩, [g] not before an ⟨e⟩ or ⟨i⟩ and after a word initial pause or after [n], [ɣ] in all other places.
Hh 𐌷 silent Silent everywhere.
Ii 𐌹 /i/ [j] before another vowel, otherwise [i].
Jj 𐌾 /h/ [h] everywhere.
Kk 𐌺 /k/ Rarely used, otherwise same as ⟨c⟩.
Ll 𐌻 /l/ [l] everywhere.
LLll N/A /ʎ/ [ʎ] or [ʝ] everywhere, depending on dialect.
Mm 𐌼 /m/ [n] word finally, [m] everywhere else.
Nn 𐌽 /n/ Palatalized [ɲ] before ⟨y⟩, velarized [ŋ] before ⟨c⟩ or ⟨k⟩, labialized [ɱ] before ⟨f⟩, otherwise [n].
Ññ /ɲ/ [ɲ] everywhere.
Oo 𐍉 /o/ [o] everywhere.
Pp 𐍀 /p/ [p] everywhere.
Qq 𐌵 /k/ only used in the digraph “qu” and “qü”, the former’s variant.
Rr 𐍂 /r/ [r] word initially and after a pause, or after ⟨l⟩, ⟨n⟩ or ⟨s⟩, otherwise [ɾ].
Ss 𐍃 /s/ [z] before a voiced consonant, otherwise [s].
Tt 𐍄 /t/ [t] everywhere.
Uu 𐌿 /u/ [w] before another vowel, otherwise [u].
Vv /b/ Same as ⟨b⟩.
Ww 𐍅 /b/ [w] everywhere, only used in loanwords and place names.
Xx 𐍇 /ks/ [ks] between vowels and [s] word initially or before other consonants. Can also be [h] or [ʃ] in some loan words.
Yy /j/ [j] everywhere, only used word initially.
Zz 𐌶 /θ/ [θ] everywhere, never found before an ⟨e⟩ or ⟨i⟩.

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

Similar to German, Iberian Gothic utilizes both separable and inseparable prefixes in order to change the meaning of some verbs. Separable prefixes, such as af-, can usually be detached

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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