|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
The Chungganese alphabet has 23 letters; all of the letters of the English alphabet, minus the letters h, k, q, v and x. The letters added are ç (which represent a ch sound) and ng. All letters are pronounced phonetically, with having very few exceptions.
The language can be currently written in three writing systems:
- Mago. The Antocu word for "major". This is the most commonly-used script as it is written in the Latin script.
- Chunggul. A portmanteau of Chungganese and Hangul, the writing system of the Korean language.
- Chunggayin. A portmanteau of Chungganese and Baybayin, the ancient writing system of the Filipino language.
|Shortcut||Part of Speech|
There are seven basic conjugations in Chungganese, with each determining the person and number.
- The chef makes our food for tonight. -> Elutante ge nuezcomes dela noçe.
- We play Hide And Seek in the backyard. -> Juges Taguibusca en la liciarda.
There are past, future and progressive stems as well.
- Past (and also perfect) -> -kd
- Future -> -kr
- Progressive -> -kn
If a need for combinations arises (e.g. past progressive tense), the order of the stems will be
(future)-(progressive)-(past)-(simple) The letter k is replaced by the last vowel of the root. A tricky rule is that vowels are divided into two groups: progressive (a, e, o) and past group (a, i, u).
In action, for a verb with the root comer-, the progressive stem will be -en, while the past stem will be -id.
- They went to the laboratory to research on their latest project. -> Fo alabratorio de rebuscarén su mozlatprolegto.
- We were working while you weren't here. -> Trabanades cuaño fu aci.
One of the most fascinating things about the language is its system of indirect objects. Instead of adding a word or a totally different suffix, the conjugation that corresponds to the indrect object is used.
In action, the root amar- means "love". Remove the -ar to form present. Add an -i to make it "I love". Add a -u as an indirect object, and it becomes amiu or "I love you".
Also, the indirect object suffix for "it" is -le. Example:
- I like her because she is pretty. -> Gustia ce sa ganda.
- They came to me to ask how I am doing. -> Foi de tanure como me.
A reflexive or an intensive pronoun is treated as a different word and is placed before the verb. Here are the reflexive pronouns in Chungganese:
- I did this artwork myself. -> Jul gidi este arte.
- He cooked himself spaghetti for dinner. -> Ilutade pasta parápuna.
Chungganese adjectives are what give the language its unique touch. Every adjectival phrase is just one word, and its noun is always at the end. To add adjectives to nouns, remove the last letter then place before the noun. Same goes for all other adjectives.
If a prepositional phrase follows the noun one is referring to, turn it to an adjective and do the same procedure. Processes like these are how words can get as long as twenty characters.
- He is the top performer in our class. -> Sél mozbienclasénperformante.