Wikia

Conlang

Idoburgish/Sandbox

< Idoburgish

3,217articles on
this wiki
Talk0

TonesEdit

So, under the influence of certain dialects of Limburgish, Idoburgish has acquired a simple tone system. The tones can occur only in stressed long syllables.
Thus:
V:[+high] V:[-high] > V:˦˨ V:˦˨˧ (u:ntʃ > u:˦˨ntʃ; e:ç > e:˦˨˧ç)

t-deletionEdit

Pretty much the same with this - acquired from Limburgish and Ripuarian. (here O is an obstruent, i.e. plosive, fricative, affricate)
I may as well incorporate it into a present version, even earlier than hj > h(h)i /_# to justify all killings.
t tj d dj > 0 /O_# (lagiþi > legiþi > legidi > legʲdʲ > )lehdj /leçc/ > *lehj > lehi)
{t d} tj dj > p pe be /m_# (quemtj > quemp; !quemdj > quembe)
t d tj dj > {k g} hi /n_# (kind > kink)

F**king s**t upEdit

- Weird umlaut in plurals which otherwise would be the same -
ēldj (modern: eeldj) < ailidaz
ēldj (modern: eeëldj) < ailidōz
or should I leave the umlaut and base the earlier plural on *ailidōs?

Inflection (pertains to the previous lesser section as well)Edit

NounsEdit

Nouns have irregularities. In fact, nouns are irregularities.
If the nominative plural is identical to the nominative singular (very, very frequent in a-stems), the root vowel is modified, e.g. *wulfaz > ölfi; *wulfōz > öölfi. This will be tentatively
denoted by +W, with +Wd denoting short diphthongization and +WD denoting long diphthongization in case with a matching plural. If the root vowel is initially long, it becomes a long diphthong in nominative plural (e.g. peetj > peeëtj) but a short i-diphthong in other plural cases. In the dative plural, the root vowel is reduced if it's long. If there's an irregular form, it's indicated by * after that form.
                          Hard             Soft/palatalized           Endings for hard          Endings for soft
a-stem: Sg.  Nom.   *wulfaz   > ölfi       *baitaz   > peetj               -0?, -i                      -j
             Acc.   *wulfą    > ölp        *baitą    > peet                 -0***                       -0
             Gen.   *wulfis   > ölfis      *baitis   > peesj*                 -is                       -is*
        Ins./Dat.   *wulfai   > ölfi       *baitai   > peeti                  -i                        -i

        Pl.  Nom.   *wulfōz   > öölfi      *baitōz   > peeëtj                 -i+W                      -j+W
             Acc.   *wulfanz  > öölfą      *baitanz  > peitą                  -ą+W+Wd
             Gen.   *wulfǫ̂    > öölfen     *baitǫ̂    > peiten                 -en+W                     -en+Wd
        Ins./Dat.   *wulfimaz > ölfimi     *baitimaz > peitimi**             -imi                      -imi+Wd

*Result of a long sound change: peetis > peetsj > peestj > peesc > peesj. All nouns with root ending in -t get -sj-0 as a genitive singular ending, and yes that's a rule in Idoburgish which doesn't
have exceptions. **Doesn't shorten the root vowel if it's -ee-; irregularity (or my bad memory for relevant things :o) in sound change - no palatalization applied. ***If the root ends in -f- or a -LF- sequence, the fricative becomes a corresponding plosive.
                         Soft                  Hard*             Endings for soft     Endings for hard
C-stem: Sg.  Nom.   *aiks     > eek        *durz    > tur               -0                   -0
             Acc.   *aikų     > eeke       *durų    > ture              -e                   -e
             Gen.   *aikiz    > eehi       *duriz   > töri              -i                   -i
        Ins./Dat.   *aikē     > eeki       *duri    > töri              -i**                 -i

        Pl.  Nom.   *aikiz    > eeëhi      *duriz   > tööri            -i+WD                  -i+W
             Acc.   *aikunz   > eike       *durunz  > tuure            -e+Wd                  -e+W
             Gen.   *aikǫ̂     > eiken      *durǫ̂    > tuuren          -en+Wd                 -en+W
        Ins./Dat.   *aikumaz  > eikumi     *durumaz > turumi          -umi+Wd                -umi
*There seems to be only one hard consonant stem, tur-.
**Doesn't employ palatalization of the preceding sound.
Note to self: i-umlaut is applied before w-umlaut.

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki